Navigation Links
Study finds fire stations contaminated with MRSA

Washington, DC, June 1, 2011 MRSA transmission may be occurring in fire stations, according to a study published in the June issue of the American Journal of Infection Control, the official publication of APIC the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology.

The purpose of the study, conducted by investigators from the University of Washington School of Public Health, was to determine potential areas within the fire stations that were contaminated with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and characterize the isolates to determine if they were related to hospital (HA-MRSA) and/or community (CA-MRSA) strains.

"This is the first study to molecularly characterize MRSA isolates from fire station environmental surfaces and the first study to sample both fire station surfaces and personnel as well as one of the first studies to characterize non-health care environmental MRSA," commented lead investigator Marilyn C. Roberts, PhD, University of Washington School of Public Health.

Researchers assessed nine different areas in two fire stations that included 1) medic trucks; 2) fire trucks and fire engines; 3) outer fire gear; 4) garages; 5) kitchens; 6) bathrooms; 7) bedrooms; 8) gyms; and 9) other areas. After the first sampling, an educational program was conducted at each station, and hand sanitizers were installed. A second set of samples was collected 7-9 months later at the same two stations. During the second sampling, nasal samples were obtained from 40 healthy fire personnel from 13 stations to evaluate MRSA carriage.

A total of 1,064 samples were collected, 600 in the first sampling and 464 in the second. Each sample was analyzed for MRSA, staphylococci that were not S. aureus but were resistant to methicillin (labeled methicillin-resistant coagulase negative Staphylococcus spp. [MRCoNS]), and staphylococci that were not methicillin resistant (labeled as coagulase negative Staphylococcus spp. [CoNS]).

At the first sampling, 26 (4.3%) of the 600 surface samples were MRSA positive, with MRSA positive samples found in all nine areas sampled. The most common area for MRSA contamination was the medic trucks with 13 (50%), the kitchens with 3 (11.5%) and other areas such as computer keyboards and computer desks with 2 (7.7%).

At the second sampling, 18 (3.9%) of the 464 surface samples were MRSA positive, with MRSA positive samples again found in all nine areas sampled. The kitchen and outer gear both had 4 (22%) MRSA positive samples, while the medic truck had 3 (16.6%), other areas had 1-2 MRSA positive samples each. Two samples contained a strain of MRSA (MRSA SCCmec type II), which is commonly found in hospitals, and were isolated from the fire truck/engine and garage areas.

Thirty percent of the nasal cultures were positive for MRSA (9 samples) or S. aureus (3 samples). The majority (58%) of the nasal MRSA and S. aureus were genetically related to environmental surface isolates suggesting transmission between personnel and the environmental surfaces may be occurring.

Investigators conclude that "Fire personnel interact with both hospital and community population as part of their job and thus have the potential for exposure to MRSA from both sourcesMRSA SCCmec type II isolates, commonly found in the hospital, were also identified in the study, demonstrated that both community- and hospital-like MRSA can contaminate the fire station surfaces. The isolation of the same strain in the fire apparatuses and garage as well as the living quarters suggests that the transmission of MRSA may be occurring between these two areasClearly more research is needed to determine if the current findings are representative of fire stations surfaces and personnel throughout the country."

MRSA is an antibiotic-resistant bacteria that can lead to severe infections and is associated with approximately 19,000 deaths annually, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Community-acquired MRSA infections are on the rise, and outbreaks of such infections have occurred among previously healthy individuals on school and professional sports teams, in day care centers, jails, and the military. Risk factors for CA-MRSA include shared personal care products, frequent skin-to-skin contact, skin abrasions and crowded living conditions.


Contact: Liz Garman
Elsevier Health Sciences

Related medicine news :

1. New study looks at disconnect between medical and lay expertise
2. 1 in 4 new HIV infections in Ontario are among women: Study
3. Radiology benefit managers adversely affect referring physicians, study suggests
4. Imaging utilization affected by patient age and facility imaging capacity, study suggests
5. Transplant Surgery No Riskier at Night: Study
6. Study Suggests Special MRI Might Help Diagnose Autism
7. Study finds dangerous bacteria on cell phones of hospital patients
8. UBC researchers to lead $4.7-million study on early-stage oral cancer
9. Low vitamin D levels seen as multiple sclerosis risk for African-Americans, UCSF study finds
10. New study suggests link between estrogen exposure, high blood pressure
11. Babies May Perform Pure Reasoning, Study Suggests
Post Your Comments:
(Date:12/1/2015)... NY (PRWEB) , ... December 01, 2015 , ... ... in the 1980s we have seen vast improvements in scientific research and discoveries, ... significant strides, providing increased hope and relief to those affected by HIV/AIDS. Mediaplanet’s ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... New York, NY (PRWEB) , ... December 01, ... ... cause of non-traumatic limb amputations in the United States. Podiatrists are well aware ... (failure to adopt therapeutic behaviors) are often catastrophic contributors to diseases of the ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... ... December 01, 2015 , ... ... Imaging Inc. (“Visage”), a wholly owned subsidiary of Pro Medicus Ltd. (ASX: PME), ... at the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA) 2015 annual meeting through December ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... ... December 01, 2015 , ... Lutronic, a leading innovator of aesthetic and ... to the devices for sale in the United States. Clarity is a Superior ... nm Nd:YAG lasers, into a single platform that is easy to own and operate. ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... ... December 01, 2015 , ... ... and SACC-USA through membership and leadership since 2008. Gary Bruce, President of PartnerTech ... . Gary has spent a significant amount of time in Sweden since joining ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:12/1/2015)... , December 1, 2015 ... new market research report "Nucleic Acid Labeling Market by ... Nick Translation, Random Primer, In Vitro Transcription, Reverse Transcription, ... published by MarketsandMarkets, The global market is expected to ... Million in 2015, growing at a CAGR of 8.65%. ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... , December 1, 2015 Russia ... clinical trials. 70% of new drugs registered in Europe ... Russia . --> Russia has always been ... of new drugs registered in Europe in 2015 ... --> Russia has always been a country ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... 2015 Relmada Therapeutics, Inc. (OTCQB: RLMD), a clinical-stage ... announced today that the company will present at the LD ... at the Luxe Sunset Boulevard Hotel in Los ... Relmada Therapeutics, will present on Thursday, December 3, at 9:00 ... . Please register at least 10 minutes prior to the ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: