Navigation Links
Study finds almost half of homeless men had traumatic brain injury in their life
Date:4/25/2014

TORONTO, April 25, 2014Almost half of all homeless men who took part in a study by St. Michael's Hospital had suffered at least one traumatic brain injury in their life and 87 per cent of those injuries occurred before the men lost their homes.

While assaults were a major cause of those traumatic brain injuries, or TBIs, (60 per cent) many were caused by potentially non-violent mechanisms such as sports and recreation (44 per cent) and motor vehicle collisions and falls (42 per cent).

The study, led by Dr. Jane Topolovec-Vranic, a clinical researcher in the hospital's Neuroscience Research Program, was published today in the journal CMAJ Open.

Dr. Topolovec-Vranic said it's important for health care providers and others who work with homeless people to be aware of any history of TBI because of the links between such injuries and mental health issues, substance abuse, seizures and general poorer physical health.

The fact that so many homeless men suffered a TBI before losing their home suggests such injuries could be a risk factor for becoming homeless, she said. That makes it even more important to monitor young people who suffer TBIs such as concussions for health and behavioural changes, she said.

Dr. Topolovec-Vranic looked at data on 111 homeless men aged 27 to 81 years old who were recruited from a downtown Toronto men's shelter. She found that 45 per cent of these men had experienced a traumatic brain injury, and of these, 70 per cent were injured during childhood or teenage years and 87 per cent experienced an injury before becoming homeless.

In men under age 40, falls from drug/alcohol blackouts were the most common cause of traumatic brain injury while assault was the most common in men over 40 years old.

Recognition that a TBI sustained in childhood or early teenage years could predispose someone to homelessness may challenge some assumptions that homelessness is a conscious choice made by these individuals, or just the result of their addictions or mental illness, said Dr. Topolovec-Vranic.

This study received funding from the Canadian Institutes of Health Research and the Ontario Neurotrauma Foundation.

Separately, a recent study by Dr. Stephen Hwang of the hospital's Centre for Research on Inner City Health, found the number of people who are homeless or vulnerably housed and who have also suffered a TBI may be as high as 61 per centseven times higher than the general population.

Dr. Hwang's study, published in the Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, is one of the largest studies to date investigating TBI in homeless populations. The findings come from the Health and Housing in Transition Study, which tracks the health and housing status of homeless and vulnerably housed people in Toronto, Vancouver and Ottawa.


'/>"/>

Contact: Leslie Shepherd
shepherdl@smh.ca
416-864-6094
St. Michael's Hospital
Source:Eurekalert  

Related medicine news :

1. Study finds almost half of homeless men had traumatic brain injury in their
2. Parents of severely ill children see benefits as caregivers, says study
3. Study supports safety of antimicrobial peptide-coated contact lenses
4. Vanderbilt study finds physical signs of depression common among ICU survivors
5. Study: Altruistic adolescents less likely to become depressed
6. Pilot study suggests ways to widen access to fecal transplants for C. diff infections
7. Moffitt Cancer Centers phase 3 study may be game-changer for acute myeloid leukemia
8. Study identifies enzymes that help fix cancer-causing DNA defects
9. New study finds 2.5 million basketball injuries to high school athletes in 6 seasons
10. US medical innovation needs smarter incentives to cut health spending, study finds
11. First size-based chromatography technique for the study of livi
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Study finds almost half of homeless men had traumatic brain injury in their life
(Date:5/28/2017)... ... 28, 2017 , ... Florida Pain Relief Group, a division ... Cho, MD, has joined its Winter Haven practice. , Dr. Cho’s practice ... techniques to treat and manage many types of pain. , Dr. Cho ...
(Date:5/27/2017)... ... May 26, 2017 , ... A May 8 article ... for colds or respiratory issues that are not responsive to antibiotics nevertheless obtain prescriptions ... may be largely responsible for the problem both in Canada and the United States. ...
(Date:5/27/2017)... ... 2017 , ... In any business, follow up is critical to success. It ... at presenting treatment, there will always be some patients who can’t or won’t make ... best practices when it comes to presenting treatment. After the patient leaves, most ...
(Date:5/27/2017)... Santa Rosa, CA (PRWEB) , ... May 27, 2017 , ... ... show cause for concern, but a new study from the Osteoarthritis Initiative ... vulnerable to developing knee osteoarthritis. Knowing this in advance may give doctors the opportunity ...
(Date:5/26/2017)... ... May 26, 2017 , ... ... week to review more than eighty-nine grant submissions all vying for nearly $1,000,000 ... in the Parkinson’s field.     , The American Parkinson Disease Association (APDA) is focused ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/9/2017)... WASHINGTON , May 9, 2017  Demonstrating ... the board of directors for the Pharmaceutical Research ... criteria for membership. Biopharmaceutical companies will now have ... in order to be eligible to join PhRMA. ... criteria, the board is sending a clear message ...
(Date:5/8/2017)... May 8, 2017 MACRA replaces the ... fee for service reimbursement. Black Book Research crowdsource-surveyed 8,845 ... 1.       The Market for MIPS Compliance Technology is ... physician practices with 3 or more clinicians seek to ... Q4. "Given the magnitude of the changes, the hunt ...
(Date:5/6/2017)... , May 5, 2017  May is Stroke ... one of the most important methods to prevent a ... the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, undetected and ... 1 Omron, the global leader in personal heart ... the elimination of heart attack and stroke and is ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: