Navigation Links
Study finds almost half of homeless men had traumatic brain injury in their
Date:4/25/2014

TORONTO, April 25, 2014Almost half of all homeless men who took part in a study by St. Michael's Hospital had suffered at least one traumatic brain injury in their life and 87 per cent of those injuries occurred before the men lost their homes.

While assaults were a major cause of those traumatic brain injuries, or TBIs, (60 per cent) many were caused by potentially non-violent mechanisms such as sports and recreation (44 per cent) and motor vehicle collisions and falls (42 per cent).

The study, led by Dr. Jane Topolovec-Vranic, a clinical researcher in the hospital's Neuroscience Research Program, was published today in the journal CMAJ Open.

Dr. Topolovec-Vranic said it's important for health care providers and others who work with homeless people to be aware of any history of TBI because of the links between such injuries and mental health issues, substance abuse, seizures and general poorer physical health.

The fact that so many homeless men suffered a TBI before losing their home suggests such injuries could be a risk factor for becoming homeless, she said. That makes it even more important to monitor young people who suffer TBIs such as concussions for health and behavioural changes, she said.

Dr. Topolovec-Vranic looked at data on 111 homeless men aged 27 to 81 years old who were recruited from a downtown Toronto men's shelter. She found that 45 per cent of these men had experienced a traumatic brain injury, and of these, 70 per cent were injured during childhood or teenage years and 87 per cent experienced an injury before becoming homeless.

In men under age 40, falls from drug/alcohol blackouts were the most common cause of traumatic brain injury while assault was the most common in men over 40 years old.

Recognition that a TBI sustained in childhood or early teenage years could predispose someone to homelessness may challenge some assumptions that homelessness is a conscious choice made by these individuals, or just the result of their addictions or mental illness, said Dr. Topolovec-Vranic.

This study received funding from the Canadian Institutes of Health Research and the Ontario Neurotrauma Foundation.

Separately, a recent study by Dr. Stephen Hwang of the hospital's Centre for Research on Inner City Health, found the number of people who are homeless or vulnerably housed and who have also suffered a TBI may be as high as 61 per centseven times higher than the general population.

Dr. Hwang's study, published in the Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, is one of the largest studies to date investigating TBI in homeless populations. The findings come from the Health and Housing in Transition Study, which tracks the health and housing status of homeless and vulnerably housed people in Toronto, Vancouver and Ottawa.


'/>"/>

Contact: Leslie Shepherd
shepherdl@smh.ca
416-864-6094
St. Michael's Hospital
Source:Eurekalert  

Related medicine news :

1. Study Suggests Vaccine May Help Kids With Brain Cancer
2. Study reveals how cancer drug causes diabetic-like state
3. Coffee Drinking in Pregnancy Wont Lead to Sleepless Baby: Study
4. Lower GI problems plague many with rheumatoid arthritis, Mayo Clinic study finds
5. Veggies Like Broccoli, Cabbage May Help Fight Breast Cancer: Study
6. No Added Cancer Risk From Hip Replacement Materials: Study
7. Reported Decline in U.S. Pneumonia Deaths May Be False: Study
8. Early Study Finds Some Promise for Lung Cancer Vaccine
9. Narcissists Often Ace Job Interviews, Study Finds
10. Sexual objectification of female artists in music videos exists regardless of race, MU study finds
11. Soy may alleviate hot flashes in menopause, large-scale study finds
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Study finds almost half of homeless men had traumatic brain injury in their
(Date:5/3/2016)... ... May 03, 2016 , ... Dr. Poneh Ghasri, cosmetic ... treatments to both new and existing patients. Cosmetic dentistry allows patients to improve the ... have healthy smiles with some minor or more serious cosmetic flaws. These specials allow ...
(Date:5/3/2016)... ... May 03, 2016 , ... Celestix ... announced the new SecureAccess feature for its CelestixEdge solution. CelestixEdge is the ... enable organizations to get the DirectAccess user experience on unsupported DirectAccess clients ...
(Date:5/3/2016)... , ... May 03, 2016 , ... ... helps healthcare organizations, especially medium and small physician practices, to better grasp and ... unique step-by-step approach that guides practices on a well-defined, expert-created path to compliance. ...
(Date:5/2/2016)... ... May 03, 2016 , ... RNK Products, Inc. (RNK) ... software that enables the stethoscope stream to go over the video conferencing audio ... flagship PCP-USB stethoscope. , Remote auscultation involves two software elements on the PC: ...
(Date:5/2/2016)... ... May 02, 2016 , ... The ... Patient Experience Journal (PXJ), an international, open access, peer-reviewed journal focused on research ... issue representing international (non-US) based authors, the third volume of PXJ continues to ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/2/2016)... NEW YORK , May 2, 2016 ... the EMR (Electronic Medical Records) market in a recent ... International sales, vendor switches, Increased physician usage, a growing market ... trends were noted in Kalorama,s report EMR ... The report marks Kalorama,s seventh complete study of the ...
(Date:5/2/2016)...  Celsion Corporation (NASDAQ: CLSN ), an ... the first cohort of patients in its Phase ... combining GEN-1, the Company,s DNA-based immunotherapy, with the ... patients with advanced ovarian cancer who will undergo ... the first three patients dosed, GEN-1 plus standard ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... April 29, 2016 Acquisition ... Sciences, Product Development Capabilities in North ... Base . Indegene ( http://www.indegene.com ... the acquisition of Skura Corporation,s life science business. ... adaptive sales enablement technology for life science organizations ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: