Navigation Links
Study explores medical exemptions from school vaccination requirements across states
Date:8/29/2012

In states where medical exemptions from vaccination requirements for kindergarten students are easier to get, exemption rates are higher, potentially compromising herd immunity and posing a threat to children and others who truly should not be immunized because of underlying conditions, according to a study published in The Journal of Infectious Diseases and now available online. Nationwide in scope, the study found inconsistency among states in standards allowing medical exemptions from school immunization requirements. The investigators concluded that medical exemptions should be monitored and continuously evaluated to ensure they are used appropriately.

In their study, Stephanie Stadlin, MPH, Robert A. Bednarczyk, PhD, and Saad B. Omer, MBBS, MPH, PhD, from the Hubert Department of Global Health at Emory University Rollins School of Public Health in Atlanta, evaluated state medical exemptions from kindergarten entry requirements over seven school years (from 2004-'05 to 2010-'11), which totaled 87,631 medical exemptions nationwide over the period studied. The researchers found that, compared to states with more stringent criteria for getting medical exemptions, states with easier requirements saw a significant increase in these exemptions. Their findings suggest that requiring more accountability of both parents and physicians for granting medical exemptions can be helpful in ensuring that these exemptions are valid and not used as an alternative to non-medical exemptions because they are easier to obtain.

"The appropriate use of medical exemptions is important to maintaining sufficient herd immunity to protect those who should not be vaccinated due to medical contra-indications," said Dr. Omer, the senior investigator of the study. "Medical providers, parents, school officials, and state health officials are responsible for ensuring that medical exemptions are actually medically indicated."

In an accompanying editorial, Daniel A Salmon, PhD, MPH, and Neal Halsey, MD, of the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health in Baltimore, noted that "children with valid medical exemptions need to be protected from exposure to vaccine preventable diseases by insuring high coverage rates among the rest of the population. Granting medical exemptions for invalid medical contraindications may promote unfounded vaccine safety concerns." The researchers' findings, they added, should be useful to those responsible for implementing and enforcing school immunization requirements at the state and local levels.

Fast Facts:

  1. Rates of medical exemptions from kindergarten immunization requirements were higher in states where these exemptions are easier to obtain and in states that allow permanent compared to temporary exemptions.
  2. The appropriate use of medical exemptions from immunization requirements is important in maintaining community or herd immunity and protecting public health.
  3. Improper medical exemptions from school vaccination requirements can result in serious and life-threatening infections in children and others who truly cannot be vaccinated due to underlying conditions.


'/>"/>

Contact: Laurel White
lwhite@pcipr.com
312-558-1770
Infectious Diseases Society of America
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Adding Plavix to Aspirin Doesnt Help Guard Against Second Stroke: Study
2. Mental Skills Decline More Sharply for Women With Alzheimers: Study
3. Heatwaves to move toward coasts, study finds
4. Daily Temper Tantrums Not the Norm for Preschoolers: Study
5. Study pinpoints malignant mesothelioma patients likely to benefit from drug pemetrexed
6. New TGen, Virginia G. Piper Cancer Center study targets non-small cell lung cancer
7. Less Is More With Exercise, Study Says
8. Earphones potentially as dangerous as noise from jet engines, according to new study
9. A CNIO team creates a unique mouse model for the study of aplastic anaemia
10. CU study awarded grant from Moore Foundation
11. ER Study Shows Drop in Deaths After Trauma Injury
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:8/16/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... August 16, 2017 , ... ... (BIAA) is collaborating with a New England student to educate the public on ... acclaim in 2016 for launching the first-ever National Concussion Awareness Day. , Brooke ...
(Date:8/16/2017)... ... August 16, 2017 , ... ... recently launched community enrichment program. Partnering once again with Boys & Girls Clubs ... to help find the area’s very own American Idol. With all proceeds benefitting ...
(Date:8/16/2017)... ... , ... LabRoots , the leading provider of educational and interactive virtual ... announce Andrew Ly as the winner of the LabRoots Summer Textbook scholarship, awarding him ... who is in his third year at the University of California, Los Angeles majoring ...
(Date:8/16/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Melbourne’s reign as the world’s most liveable city has been ... Liveability Index. , The Index surveys 140 of the world’s cities and Melbourne has ... consistently come in the top three of the index. So what is it that ...
(Date:8/16/2017)... ... August 16, 2017 , ... Connexion Point, a technology-enabled healthcare services company ... fourth consecutive year. With 197% revenue growth over the past three years, ... growing companies. , Previous honors include ranking 86th on the Inc. 500 ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:8/15/2017)... -- Diplomat Pharmacy, Inc. (NYSE: DPLO), is now dispensing ... residents. Naloxone is available without a prescription ... G-3320 Beecher Road. ... is intended to block or reverse the effects of ... consciousness. The medication is often carried by first responders ...
(Date:8/11/2017)... Aug. 11, 2017 DarioHealth Corp. (NASDAQ: DRIO), ... and big data solutions, today announced that it will ... 14 and host a conference call at 9:00am ET. ... and financial results and its strategy and outlook for ... by Erez Raphael , Chief Executive Officer, and ...
(Date:8/7/2017)... , Aug. 7, 2017 Zimmer Biomet Holdings, Inc. ... today announced that its Board of Directors has approved the ... third quarter of 2017. ... on or about October 27, 2017 to stockholders of record ... Future declarations of dividends are subject to approval of the ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: