Navigation Links
Study explores medical exemptions from school vaccination requirements across states
Date:8/29/2012

In states where medical exemptions from vaccination requirements for kindergarten students are easier to get, exemption rates are higher, potentially compromising herd immunity and posing a threat to children and others who truly should not be immunized because of underlying conditions, according to a study published in The Journal of Infectious Diseases and now available online. Nationwide in scope, the study found inconsistency among states in standards allowing medical exemptions from school immunization requirements. The investigators concluded that medical exemptions should be monitored and continuously evaluated to ensure they are used appropriately.

In their study, Stephanie Stadlin, MPH, Robert A. Bednarczyk, PhD, and Saad B. Omer, MBBS, MPH, PhD, from the Hubert Department of Global Health at Emory University Rollins School of Public Health in Atlanta, evaluated state medical exemptions from kindergarten entry requirements over seven school years (from 2004-'05 to 2010-'11), which totaled 87,631 medical exemptions nationwide over the period studied. The researchers found that, compared to states with more stringent criteria for getting medical exemptions, states with easier requirements saw a significant increase in these exemptions. Their findings suggest that requiring more accountability of both parents and physicians for granting medical exemptions can be helpful in ensuring that these exemptions are valid and not used as an alternative to non-medical exemptions because they are easier to obtain.

"The appropriate use of medical exemptions is important to maintaining sufficient herd immunity to protect those who should not be vaccinated due to medical contra-indications," said Dr. Omer, the senior investigator of the study. "Medical providers, parents, school officials, and state health officials are responsible for ensuring that medical exemptions are actually medically indicated."

In an accompanying editorial, Daniel A Salmon, PhD, MPH, and Neal Halsey, MD, of the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health in Baltimore, noted that "children with valid medical exemptions need to be protected from exposure to vaccine preventable diseases by insuring high coverage rates among the rest of the population. Granting medical exemptions for invalid medical contraindications may promote unfounded vaccine safety concerns." The researchers' findings, they added, should be useful to those responsible for implementing and enforcing school immunization requirements at the state and local levels.

Fast Facts:

  1. Rates of medical exemptions from kindergarten immunization requirements were higher in states where these exemptions are easier to obtain and in states that allow permanent compared to temporary exemptions.
  2. The appropriate use of medical exemptions from immunization requirements is important in maintaining community or herd immunity and protecting public health.
  3. Improper medical exemptions from school vaccination requirements can result in serious and life-threatening infections in children and others who truly cannot be vaccinated due to underlying conditions.


'/>"/>

Contact: Laurel White
lwhite@pcipr.com
312-558-1770
Infectious Diseases Society of America
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Adding Plavix to Aspirin Doesnt Help Guard Against Second Stroke: Study
2. Mental Skills Decline More Sharply for Women With Alzheimers: Study
3. Heatwaves to move toward coasts, study finds
4. Daily Temper Tantrums Not the Norm for Preschoolers: Study
5. Study pinpoints malignant mesothelioma patients likely to benefit from drug pemetrexed
6. New TGen, Virginia G. Piper Cancer Center study targets non-small cell lung cancer
7. Less Is More With Exercise, Study Says
8. Earphones potentially as dangerous as noise from jet engines, according to new study
9. A CNIO team creates a unique mouse model for the study of aplastic anaemia
10. CU study awarded grant from Moore Foundation
11. ER Study Shows Drop in Deaths After Trauma Injury
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:6/27/2017)... ... , ... Hammer Strength, the world’s leading performance strength training brand, and the ... Rockets the NBSCA Strength & Conditioning Coach of the Year. , In its ... to select the coach who embodies the highest level of excellence and outstanding service ...
(Date:6/27/2017)... CA (PRWEB) , ... June 27, 2017 , ... East ... crooked bites can indicate about early life experiences. What happens to a woman during ... that stresses after birth can also take a toll on a baby’s long-term health. ...
(Date:6/26/2017)... ... ... Center is now offering various types of dental implants to restore lost teeth. Dental ... teeth, such as crowns, bridges, or dentures. An implant is placed directly into the jawbone ... the tooth. , Several types of dental implants are available, including: , ...
(Date:6/26/2017)... MD. (PRWEB) , ... June 26, 2017 , ... ... crop, according to a recent review of government data released by the United ... improvement in management practices, Maryland’s soybean farmers have increased their productivity on less ...
(Date:6/26/2017)... ... June 26, 2017 , ... If the ... seeing lots of red these days. According to recent estimates, 75 – 80% ... medical coding errors(1). Some studies point to Electronic Health Records (EHR) with automated ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/14/2017)... 2017 The Bio Supply Management Alliance (BSMA) ... Fremont and the Biomedical Manufacturing Network to ... California by providing a platform ... fostering workforce development. The primary focus of this alliance ... as well as small and mid-sized biomedical companies. ...
(Date:6/12/2017)... SEATTLE , June 12, 2017 Kineta, Inc., ... today announced Kineta Vice President of R&D and ... at the Pandemic Preparedness for the Northwest and Beyond ... be held on June 14, 2017 from 8:30-10:30 AM PDT ... Dr. Bedard will be joined ...
(Date:6/9/2017)... AirXpanders, Inc. (ASX: AXP) (AirXpanders or Company), ... sale and distribution of the AeroForm® Tissue Expander System, ... commercial roll-out in the United States ... hundred (100) medical institutions and health systems, located throughout ... alternative for women who choose reconstructive surgery following a ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: