Navigation Links
Study explores medical exemptions from school vaccination requirements across states
Date:8/29/2012

In states where medical exemptions from vaccination requirements for kindergarten students are easier to get, exemption rates are higher, potentially compromising herd immunity and posing a threat to children and others who truly should not be immunized because of underlying conditions, according to a study published in The Journal of Infectious Diseases and now available online. Nationwide in scope, the study found inconsistency among states in standards allowing medical exemptions from school immunization requirements. The investigators concluded that medical exemptions should be monitored and continuously evaluated to ensure they are used appropriately.

In their study, Stephanie Stadlin, MPH, Robert A. Bednarczyk, PhD, and Saad B. Omer, MBBS, MPH, PhD, from the Hubert Department of Global Health at Emory University Rollins School of Public Health in Atlanta, evaluated state medical exemptions from kindergarten entry requirements over seven school years (from 2004-'05 to 2010-'11), which totaled 87,631 medical exemptions nationwide over the period studied. The researchers found that, compared to states with more stringent criteria for getting medical exemptions, states with easier requirements saw a significant increase in these exemptions. Their findings suggest that requiring more accountability of both parents and physicians for granting medical exemptions can be helpful in ensuring that these exemptions are valid and not used as an alternative to non-medical exemptions because they are easier to obtain.

"The appropriate use of medical exemptions is important to maintaining sufficient herd immunity to protect those who should not be vaccinated due to medical contra-indications," said Dr. Omer, the senior investigator of the study. "Medical providers, parents, school officials, and state health officials are responsible for ensuring that medical exemptions are actually medically indicated."

In an accompanying editorial, Daniel A Salmon, PhD, MPH, and Neal Halsey, MD, of the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health in Baltimore, noted that "children with valid medical exemptions need to be protected from exposure to vaccine preventable diseases by insuring high coverage rates among the rest of the population. Granting medical exemptions for invalid medical contraindications may promote unfounded vaccine safety concerns." The researchers' findings, they added, should be useful to those responsible for implementing and enforcing school immunization requirements at the state and local levels.

Fast Facts:

  1. Rates of medical exemptions from kindergarten immunization requirements were higher in states where these exemptions are easier to obtain and in states that allow permanent compared to temporary exemptions.
  2. The appropriate use of medical exemptions from immunization requirements is important in maintaining community or herd immunity and protecting public health.
  3. Improper medical exemptions from school vaccination requirements can result in serious and life-threatening infections in children and others who truly cannot be vaccinated due to underlying conditions.


'/>"/>

Contact: Laurel White
lwhite@pcipr.com
312-558-1770
Infectious Diseases Society of America
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Adding Plavix to Aspirin Doesnt Help Guard Against Second Stroke: Study
2. Mental Skills Decline More Sharply for Women With Alzheimers: Study
3. Heatwaves to move toward coasts, study finds
4. Daily Temper Tantrums Not the Norm for Preschoolers: Study
5. Study pinpoints malignant mesothelioma patients likely to benefit from drug pemetrexed
6. New TGen, Virginia G. Piper Cancer Center study targets non-small cell lung cancer
7. Less Is More With Exercise, Study Says
8. Earphones potentially as dangerous as noise from jet engines, according to new study
9. A CNIO team creates a unique mouse model for the study of aplastic anaemia
10. CU study awarded grant from Moore Foundation
11. ER Study Shows Drop in Deaths After Trauma Injury
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/21/2017)... ... May 21, 2017 , ... Following the tragic and widely publicized ... first state to require that hospitals follow a protocol to quickly identify and treat ... as to whether such steps would have saved Rory or anyone else’s life. ...
(Date:5/19/2017)... ... May 19, 2017 , ... DMG Productions is proud ... Innovations with Ed Begley, Jr., airing fourth quarter 2017 on FOX Business. , ... organic dietary supplement made from naturally occurring ingredients. Innovations will enlighten viewers on ...
(Date:5/19/2017)... ... May 19, 2017 , ... The Miller Agency, ... to families and business owners in the region, is embarking on a cooperative ... and their families. , Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a demyelinating disease that affects ...
(Date:5/19/2017)... ... May 18, 2017 , ... ML Billing, 2016 Billing ... and sizes and specializes in large group practices, is pleased to announce their 30th ... has also set the standard in all aspects of full-service medical billing. This has ...
(Date:5/18/2017)... ... , ... Dr. Kim Ross supports Stroke Awareness Month by now accepting new ... this condition and serious systemic health conditions including heart disease and stroke. Those with ... MD, and seeking treatment with Dr. Ross immediately may prevent bacteria from spreading. ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/3/2017)...  Getinge, a leading global provider of products ... cost efficiency within healthcare and life sciences, today ... demonstrating that intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation (IABC) appears effective ... The single-center, retrospective, observational study showed that use ... 50cc intra-aortic balloon (IAB) in contemporary practice ...
(Date:5/2/2017)... -- George Clinical, a leading full-service CRO in the ... a Memphis -based leader in ... George Clinical has acquired Vector Oncology,s Pharma Services (CRO) Division. ... of strengthening the ability of George Clinical to ... the Asia-Pacific , the world,s ...
(Date:5/2/2017)... , May 2, 2017  Bayer today announced the ... president and head of Oncology for the company,s Pharmaceuticals ... Ashar will report to Carsten Brunn , Head ... "Bhavesh is a well-respected, results-driven leader with extensive industry ... and driving growth in oncology," said Brunn. "We are ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: