Navigation Links
Study examines relationship between low birth weight and psychiatric problems in children
Date:9/1/2008

Low-birth-weight children appear to be at higher risk for psychiatric disturbances from childhood through high school than normal-birth-weight children, according to a report in the September issue of Archives of General Psychiatry, one of the JAMA/Archives journals. In addition, low-birth-weight children from urban communities may be more likely to have attention problems than suburban low-birth-weight children.

"Advances in neonatal medicine have raised the survivorship of low-birth-weight infants (2,500 grams [about 5.5 pounds] or less), especially very low-birth-weight infants (1,500 grams [about 3.3 pounds] or less) and extremely low-birth-weight infants (1,000 grams [2.2 pounds] or less)," according to background information in the article. Previous studies have reported that low-birth-weight children appear to have an increased risk of internalizing, externalizing and attention problems.

Kipling M. Bohnert, B.A., and Naomi Breslau, Ph.D., of Michigan State University, East Lansing, examined the long-term association between low-birth-weight and psychiatric problems among 413 children from a socially disadvantaged community in Detroit and 410 children from a middle-class Detroit suburb. Children's psychiatric disturbances were rated by mothers and teachers at ages 6, 11 and 17. Psychiatric disturbances were separated into three categories: externalizing, including delinquent and aggressive behavior; internalizing, including withdrawn behavior and anxiety/depression; and attention, including characteristic symptoms of ADHD such as not being able to pay attention for long or difficulty following directions.

Low-birth-weight children were more likely to exhibit externalizing and internalizing problems than normal-birth-weight children in their community. "An increased risk of attention problems was associated with low birth weight only in the urban community and was greater among very low-birth-weight children (weighing 1,500 grams or less) than heavier low-birth-weight children (weighing 1,501 grams to 2,500 grams)," the authors write. "In the suburban community, there was no increased risk for attention problems associated with low birth weight. Psychiatric outcomes of low birth weight did not vary across ages of assessments."

"Attention problems at the start of schooling predict lower academic achievement later, controlling for key factors that contribute to academic test scores, which in turn predicts termination of schooling and curtailed educational attainment," the authors conclude. "Attention problems influence academic performance by reducing the time that students devote to class learning and homework assignments and hinder organization and work habits.

"Early interventions to improve attention skills in urban low-birth-weight children might yield better outcomes later."


'/>"/>

Contact: Andy Henion
517-355-3294
JAMA and Archives Journals
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Penn study finds pro-death proteins required to regulate healthy immune function
2. New study shows promise in reducing surgical risks associated with surgical bleeding
3. Study, meta-analysis examine factors associated with death from heatstroke
4. Study suggests loss of 2 types of neurons -- not just 1 -- triggers Parkinsons symptoms
5. Study says COPD testing is not measuring up
6. Preclinical study suggests organ-transplant drug may aid in lupus fight
7. Ability to cope with stress can increase good cholesterol in older white men, study finds
8. High alcohol consumption increases stroke risk, Tulane study says
9. Mailman School of Public Health study examines link between racial discrimination and substance use
10. Pitt study finds inequality in tobacco advertising
11. Stanford study highlights cost-effective method of lowering heart disease risks
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... December 02, 2016 , ... "Pro3rd Accents Volume 2 is a ... versatile lower third titles with just a few clicks of the mouse," said Christina ... 30 lower third animations. Choose from various styles with accented animations, rigid boxes, simplistic ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... December 02, 2016 , ... Today CloudMine, a secure, cloud-based ... named the best Sales Team of 2016 as part of the 2016 SIIA ... the Software & Information Industry Association (SIIA), the principal trade association for the ...
(Date:11/30/2016)... ... 2016 , ... The Fertility Centers of New England ... Infertility Center of Excellence. The Cigna Center of Excellence recognizes participating infertility centers ... be designated a Cigna Infertility Center of Excellence," said Fertility Centers of New ...
(Date:11/30/2016)... ... November 30, 2016 , ... ... Deloitte Wisconsin 75, an annual ranking and recognition of the largest closely held ... list, having ranked from 2008-2016. In addition, Standard Process was awarded the Talent ...
(Date:11/30/2016)... ... 2016 , ... In recent policy debates, increasing costs of ... and system stakeholders in many states. To help them understand this growth, today ... Workers’ Compensation, Eighth Edition (MPI-WC) . , “If you are a policymaker or ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:12/2/2016)... -- Eli Lilly and Company (NYSE: LLY ) ... updated financial guidance for 2016 on Thursday, December 15, ... that day with the investment community and media to ... conference call will begin at 10 a.m. ET. Investors, ... webcast of the conference call through a link that ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... MARLBOROUGH, Mass. , Dec. 2, 2016 ... announced a definitive agreement to acquire certain manufacturing assets ... NVCN ) (TSX: NVC) advanced biological tissue business, as ... a total of $75 million in cash. The Neovasc ... heart valves, including the Boston Scientific Lotus™ Valve System. ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... December 2, 2016 On Thursday, the ... in red, while the Dow Jones Industrial Average managed to ... of US markets, which prompted Stock-callers this morning to look ... (NASDAQ: NUVA ), Smith & Nephew PLC (NYSE: ... NXTM ), and Cesca Therapeutics Inc. (NASDAQ: KOOL ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: