Navigation Links
Study examines link between incarceration and psychiatric disorders
Date:1/16/2013

WASHINGTON, DC, January 16, 2013 Psychiatric disorders are prevalent among current and former inmates of correctional institutions, but what has been less clear is whether incarceration causes these disorders or, alternatively, whether inmates have these problems before they enter prison. A study co-authored by Jason Schnittker, an associate professor of sociology at the University of Pennsylvania, shows that many of the most common psychiatric disorders found among former inmates, including impulse control disorders, emerge in childhood and adolescence and, therefore, predate incarceration. Yet, incarceration seems to lead to some mood related psychiatric disorders, such as major depression, which have important implications for what happens to inmates after their release.

Michael Massoglia, an assistant professor of sociology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, and Christopher Uggen, a professor of sociology at the University of Minnesota, co-authored the study, "Out and Down: Incarceration and Psychiatric Disorders," which appears in the current issue of the Journal of Health and Social Behavior.

Using data from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication, which took place between 2001 and 2003, the researchers examined the relationship between incarceration and psychiatric disorders after statistically adjusting for influences that might affect both, including an impoverished childhood background.

Their results reveal robust and long-lasting relationships between incarceration and psychiatric conditions that adversely affect one's mood, such as major depression.

"These conditions, in turn, are strongly related to other impairments, including a diminished capacity to form social relationships and to focus on daily activities including work," said Schnittker. "Although often neglected as a consequence of incarceration, mood related conditions might explain some of the difficulties former inmates experience following release."

In the study's conclusion, the researchers suggest that mental health treatment could help former inmates reintegrate into society and they encourage efforts to facilitate this. "Even though many former inmates want to get back on their feet after release, they experience numerous difficulties in doing so, some legal, some social, and some personal," Schnittker said. "Being depressed probably makes all of these obstacles even more difficult to overcome. Reentry requires motivation, and depression can rob you of that."

Schnittker's research interests are in medical sociology, focusing on mental health, physical health, and the relationship between the two. His current research on the effects of incarceration on the health of individuals, families, and communities is funded in part by a Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Investigator Award in Health Policy.


'/>"/>
Contact: Daniel Fowler
pubinfo@asanet.org
202-527-7885
American Sociological Association
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Blood Clots During Pregnancy More Likely After IVF, Study Says
2. New SMU-North Texas food bank study to analyze causes of hunger in North Texas
3. Unneeded Antibiotics May Lead to Diarrheal Illness, Study Finds
4. Study Finds Low Flu Vaccine Rates in U.S. Kids
5. Kaiser Permanente study: Change in PSA levels over time can help predict aggressive prostate cancer
6. Study documents that some children lose autism diagnosis
7. Berries May Cut Heart Attack Risk in Women, Study Says
8. Pot Use-Low IQ Link Challenged in Study
9. Doctors Often Miss Signs of Problem Drinking in Patients, Study Finds
10. No Link Between Low Birth Weight, Asthma: Study
11. Study finds knee replacement surgery may lead to weight gain
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/21/2017)... ... 21, 2017 , ... Westside Dental Associates and its owner, Dr. ... thirty-two years, Dr. Latner has become one of the Los Angeles area’s premier dentists. ... years with all their dental needs,” said Dr. Latner, who was recently named Chairperson ...
(Date:4/21/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Each year, everyone is urged to give back to the ... look forward to a better future. However, supporting the environment should be an everyday ... can be two to five times more polluted than outdoor air, reports the Environmental ...
(Date:4/21/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... April 21, 2017 , ... ... familiar? These are five common elements between the Obamacare program that most ... control program which uses Warfarin poison to kill hogs. , Like Obamacare, ...
(Date:4/21/2017)... ... April 21, 2017 , ... Indiana Fiber Network, LLC (IFN), ... service to Tele-Media Solutions. IFN is delivering Multi-Gigabit data rates as an ... Solution’s protect transport with 3GB Dual Access Internet access now available in their ...
(Date:4/21/2017)... ... April 21, 2017 , ... MiracleFeet announced today ... years to help end the disability caused by untreated clubfoot in low-income countries. ... Global Clubfoot Initiative to end disability caused by clubfoot worldwide. , ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:4/19/2017)... NEW YORK , April 19, 2017 ... Surgical drainage devices are tubes used to remove excess ... include, blood, serum, pus, urine, bile or lymph. Surgical ... types of surgery such as orthopedics surgery, cardiovascular surgery, ... device is prophylactic post-surgery to prevent accumulation of fluid ...
(Date:4/19/2017)... The Global Effective Microorganisms (EM) Market ... has covered and analysed the potential of Global Effective Microorganisms ... shares and growth factors. The report identifies and analyses the ... the global market. ... 152 Tables and Figures, 6 Major Company Profiles, spread across ...
(Date:4/19/2017)... 19, 2017  New research provides evidence that an old ... to a study released today that will be presented at ... in Boston , April 22 to 28, ... of Parkinson,s disease, the oral drug levodopa has long been ... But as the disease progresses, the effects of the medication ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: