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Study examines characteristics, risk factors among HIV-positive persons born outside the US
Date:7/22/2012

WASHINGTON, D.C. An examination of the characteristics of persons born outside the United States diagnosed with HIV while living in the U.S. finds that, compared to U.S.-born persons with HIV, they are more likely to be Hispanic or Asian, and to have a higher percentage of HIV infections attributed to heterosexual contact, according to a study appearing in JAMA being published online.

H. Irene Hall, Ph.D., of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, presented the findings of the study at a JAMA media briefing at the International AIDS Conference.

"Persons born outside the United States comprise approximately 13 percent of the total U.S. population and represent a varied group of people, including students, skilled workers, family members of U.S. citizens, undocumented migrants, naturalized citizens, and refugees," according to background information in the article. "Although more than 95 percent of persons with HIV in the world live outside the United States, an understanding of HIV infection in persons born outside but living in the United States allows for both a new perspective on HIV in this country as well as a better understanding of the health status and health education needs of persons born outside the United States." The authors add that it can be difficult for persons born outside the United States to learn about HIV prevention, access HIV testing, and obtain timely medical care because of language and cultural barriers.

Dr. Hall and colleagues examined the demographic, geographic, and risk factor characteristics of U.S.-born and persons born outside the U.S. who received a diagnosis of HIV while living in the U.S. from 2007 through 2010 in 46 states and 5 U.S. territories, as reported to the National HIV Surveillance System. The category of persons were defined as persons born outside the United States and its territories was inclusive of naturalized citizens.

The researchers found that f
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Contact: Press Office
NCHHSTPMediaTeam@cdc.gov
404-639-8895
JAMA and Archives Journals
Source:Eurekalert

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