Navigation Links
Study examines association between urban living and psychotic disorders
Date:9/6/2010

The association between psychotic disorders and living in urban areas appears to be a reflection of increased social fragmentation present within cities, according to a report in the September issue of Archives of General Psychiatry, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

"There is a substantial worldwide variation in incidence rates of schizophrenia," the authors write as background in the article. "The clearest geographic pattern within this distribution of rates is that urban areas have a higher incidence of schizophrenia than rural areas." Characteristics of neighborhoods that have been associated with an increased risk of developing psychosis include population and ethnic density, deprivation and social fragmentation or reduced social capital and cohesion.

To examine whether individual, school or area characteristics are associated with psychosis and can explain the association with urbanicity (the quality of being urban), Stanley Zammit, Ph.D., of Cardiff University, Cardiff, Wales, and colleagues studied a total of 203,829 individuals living in Sweden, with data at the individual, school, municipality and county levels.

According to the findings, "the risk of nonaffective psychosis was higher in cities and towns than in rural areas." Of the 203,829 people in the study, 328 (0.16 percent) were ever admitted with a diagnosis of schizophrenia, 741 (0.36 percent) with other nonaffective psychoses, 355 (0.17 percent) with affective psychoses and 953 (0.47 percent) with other psychoses. Additionally, the authors found that almost all variance in the risk of nonaffective psychosis was explained at the individual-level rather than at a higher-level variation. "An association between urbanicity and nonaffective psychosis was explained by higher-level characteristics, primarily school-level social fragmentation." The authors "observed cross-level markers of ethnicity, social fragmentation and deprivation on risk of developing any
'/>"/>

Contact: Stanley Zammit, Ph.D.
zammits@cardiff.ac.uk
JAMA and Archives Journals
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2

Related medicine news :

1. Mouse Study May Help Explain Fish Oils Benefits
2. Infants May Display Subtle Autism Signs at 6 Months: Study
3. Queens study exposes cognitive effects of Parkinsons disease
4. Study challenges value of oxygen therapy in end-of-life care
5. Study finds that cancer-causing gene crucial in stem cell development
6. Safety cultures in EMS agencies vary widely, Pitt study finds
7. Hormel Institute study reveals capsaicin can act as cocarcinogen
8. Diet Pill Meridia Ups Heart Attack Risk: Study
9. Pivotal study finds link between PTSD and dementia
10. Double-Dose Plavix Benefits Certain Patients, Study Finds
11. Sleep-Deprived Teens Eat More Fat, Study Finds
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/23/2014)... April 24, 2014 Pregnant immigrants from Sub-Saharan ... increased monitoring during pregnancy, according to new research ... today in the British Journal of Obstetrics ... and eclampsia rates among immigrants and native-born women ... (Ontario), Denmark, Sweden, Spain (Catalonia and Valencia) and ...
(Date:4/23/2014)... The American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) has ... Radiation Therapy for Endometrial Cancer: An ASTRO Evidence-Based ... therapy in the treatment of endometrial cancer. The ... 2014 issue of Practical Radiation Oncology ... The full-length guideline is available as an open-access ...
(Date:4/23/2014)... the gastro-intestinal tract has long been considered to be ... Sahlgrenska Academy have used refined microscopic techniques that indicate ... of the gastro-intestinal tract is only as large as ... The digestive tract, which passes from the mouth through ... length of about 5 meters in a normal adult, ...
(Date:4/23/2014)... of probiotics, antioxidants and other nutritional compounds, more and ... is getting in on the action. But legitimate skepticism ... industry is responding with clinical research to shore up ... Chemical & Engineering News (C&EN), the weekly news ... Bomgardner, a senior editor at C&EN, writes that about ...
(Date:4/23/2014)... Parents and physicians concerned about an increase in adolescents, ... breathe a sigh of relief. According to a new ... worth of data from states with and without medical ... increased use among adolescents. The study is published online ... Adolescent Health . , "Any time a state ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:Pregnancy complications may be more common in immigrants from certain regions 2Health News:ASTRO issues guideline on the role of postoperative radiation therapy for endometrial cancer 2Health News:ASTRO issues guideline on the role of postoperative radiation therapy for endometrial cancer 3Health News:The surface area of the digestive tract 'only' as large as a studio apartment 2Health News:RI Hospital physician: Legalizing medical marijuana doesn't increase use among adolescents 2
... nitrogen-containing bisphosphonate (N-BP) cancer drugs, used to relieve bone ... has been almost entirely unknown. Researchers writing in BioMed ... used ,barcoded, yeast mutants to identify new biological processes ... opportunities for the development of new anticancer drugs. ...
... LOS ANGELES, Sept. 9 In commemoration of the first ... Red Cross of Greater Los Angeles will host three 2-hour volunteer orientations ... volunteers will receive a tour of the chapter,s new state of the ... Cross, response to the recent California wildfires. , , ...
... WASHINGTON, Sept. 9 Congressman Chaka Fattah (D-PA), a strong ... conclusion of President Obama,s address tonight to Congress and the nation: ... The time to act is now. We have been talking and ... of this 111th Congress. The American people have already voted: In ...
... , INDIANAPOLIS, Sept. 9 WellPoint, Inc. (NYSE: ... Medicare Advantage and 2010 Medicare Part D health benefit plans effective Oct. ... Medicare Part D health benefit plans on Nov. 15, 2009 for the ... Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) has determined that WellPoint has corrected deficiencies ...
... , DENVER, Sept. 9 DaVita Inc. (NYSE: ... for those diagnosed with chronic kidney disease (CKD), supports dialysis patients, ... standards and social circumstances. , , (Logo: http://www.newscom.com/cgi-bin/prnh/20020729/DAVITALOGO ... your everyday student at Hollywood High School in Los Angeles, CA ...
... infection known as Trichomonas vaginalis is associated ... study published online September 9 in the Journal ... Stark, ScD, of the department of epidemiology at the ... conducted a case-control study nested within the Physicians, Health ...
Cached Medicine News:Health News:Red Cross Participates in September 11th National Day of Service and Remembrance 2Health News:Statement on WellPoint's Re-Entry into Medicare Market 2Health News:DaVita's Patient-Centric Modalities Offer Students with Kidney Disease More Choices 2Health News:JNCI news brief: STD confirmed to be associated with increased risk of prostate cancer 2
(Date:1/15/2014)...  Celsion Corporation (the "Company") (NASDAQ: CLSN ) ... investors to purchase an aggregate of approximately $15 million ... direct offering, led by a dedicated health care fund. ... with these investors pursuant to which the Company agreed ...
(Date:1/15/2014)... WORTH, Texas , Jan. 15, 2014  Humberto C. ... Dermatology Achievement Award" from the Journal of Drugs ... Aesthetic & Clinical Conference (ODAC). The event is January 17-20, ... Florida . The ODAC ...
(Date:1/15/2014)... GARDENS, Fla. , Jan. 15, 2014  In an unprecedented effort ... and TB in ambulances and other transport vehicles, an advanced and ... by rescue personnel for the first time. In ... contact with these deadly pathogens, West Palm Beach ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:Celsion Corporation Announces $15 Million At-The-Market Registered Direct Offering 2Celsion Corporation Announces $15 Million At-The-Market Registered Direct Offering 3Galderma's global leader honored with a "Lifetime in Dermatology Achievement Award" by Journal of Drugs in Dermatology 2Galderma's global leader honored with a "Lifetime in Dermatology Achievement Award" by Journal of Drugs in Dermatology 3Galderma's global leader honored with a "Lifetime in Dermatology Achievement Award" by Journal of Drugs in Dermatology 4Superbugs No Longer Ride In Rescue Vehicles 2
... Sept. 26, 2011 Luminex Corporation (NASDAQ: ... xMAP Europe 2011, its annual European multiplexing technology symposium, ... The event will feature scientific sessions, workshops, discussion groups, ... around the world who are performing groundbreaking work in ...
... Sept. 26, 2011 Safely storing prescription medications ... other prescription holders. Now, an innovative new device ... dangerous medications—in a small, convenient and more portable ... Developed by CAP-N-LOCK, LLC., The ...
Cached Medicine Technology:Luminex Corporation Hosts Ninth Annual Planet xMAP Europe in Vienna 2Luminex Corporation Hosts Ninth Annual Planet xMAP Europe in Vienna 3Luminex Corporation Hosts Ninth Annual Planet xMAP Europe in Vienna 4New Combination Locking Cap Designed to Protect Children and Teens From Prescription Medications 2
... ARUP Laboratories is a national reference ... laboratory research and development. ARUP offers an ... unique medical tests in clinical and anatomic ... ARUP Laboratories' clients include more than half ...
... a national reference laboratory and a worldwide ... ARUP offers an extensive test menu of ... clinical and anatomic pathology. Owned by the ... more than half of the nation's university ...
... ARUP Laboratories is a national reference laboratory ... research and development. ARUP offers an extensive ... medical tests in clinical and anatomic pathology. ... Laboratories' clients include more than half of ...
... Laboratories is a national reference laboratory and ... and development. ARUP offers an extensive test ... tests in clinical and anatomic pathology. Owned ... clients include more than half of the ...
Medicine Products: