Navigation Links
Study examines association between urban living and psychotic disorders
Date:9/6/2010

The association between psychotic disorders and living in urban areas appears to be a reflection of increased social fragmentation present within cities, according to a report in the September issue of Archives of General Psychiatry, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

"There is a substantial worldwide variation in incidence rates of schizophrenia," the authors write as background in the article. "The clearest geographic pattern within this distribution of rates is that urban areas have a higher incidence of schizophrenia than rural areas." Characteristics of neighborhoods that have been associated with an increased risk of developing psychosis include population and ethnic density, deprivation and social fragmentation or reduced social capital and cohesion.

To examine whether individual, school or area characteristics are associated with psychosis and can explain the association with urbanicity (the quality of being urban), Stanley Zammit, Ph.D., of Cardiff University, Cardiff, Wales, and colleagues studied a total of 203,829 individuals living in Sweden, with data at the individual, school, municipality and county levels.

According to the findings, "the risk of nonaffective psychosis was higher in cities and towns than in rural areas." Of the 203,829 people in the study, 328 (0.16 percent) were ever admitted with a diagnosis of schizophrenia, 741 (0.36 percent) with other nonaffective psychoses, 355 (0.17 percent) with affective psychoses and 953 (0.47 percent) with other psychoses. Additionally, the authors found that almost all variance in the risk of nonaffective psychosis was explained at the individual-level rather than at a higher-level variation. "An association between urbanicity and nonaffective psychosis was explained by higher-level characteristics, primarily school-level social fragmentation." The authors "observed cross-level markers of ethnicity, social fragmentation and deprivation on risk of developing any psychotic disorder, all with qualitative patterns of interaction."

The authors comment that, "being raised in more urbanized areas was associated with an increased risk of developing any nonaffective psychotic disorder." Additionally, "this association was explained primarily by area characteristics rather than by characteristics of the individuals themselves. Social fragmentation was the most important area characteristic that explained the increased risk of psychosis in individuals brought up in cities." The authors also note that, "our findings highlight the concern that physical integration alone is not sufficient but that some of the positive characteristics traditionally conferred by segregation, such as a localized sense of safety, cohesion and community spirit, must also be maintained to enhance the mental health of individuals within the population."


'/>"/>

Contact: Stanley Zammit, Ph.D.
zammits@cardiff.ac.uk
JAMA and Archives Journals
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Mouse Study May Help Explain Fish Oils Benefits
2. Infants May Display Subtle Autism Signs at 6 Months: Study
3. Queens study exposes cognitive effects of Parkinsons disease
4. Study challenges value of oxygen therapy in end-of-life care
5. Study finds that cancer-causing gene crucial in stem cell development
6. Safety cultures in EMS agencies vary widely, Pitt study finds
7. Hormel Institute study reveals capsaicin can act as cocarcinogen
8. Diet Pill Meridia Ups Heart Attack Risk: Study
9. Pivotal study finds link between PTSD and dementia
10. Double-Dose Plavix Benefits Certain Patients, Study Finds
11. Sleep-Deprived Teens Eat More Fat, Study Finds
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/8/2016)... ... December 08, 2016 , ... Russ DiGilio ... the first national #QuackGivesBack campaign which supported local breast cancer organizations during National ... Quack Gives Back initiative, and we’re very pleased with the participation ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... ... December 08, 2016 , ... With the increasing demand for dental ... Your Mouth?” (WIYM) campaign to inform dentists and patients about the safety issues related ... and prosthetic market in the U.S. is projected to reach $6.4 billion in 2018 ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... ... December 08, 2016 , ... Catalent Pharma Solutions, ... biologics and consumer health products, today announced that it had joined the Pharmaceutical ... a non-profit organization to unite pharmaceutical and healthcare companies that share a vision ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... ... December 08, 2016 , ... ... Care Act. Dr. Botelho advocates for the mass media launching of story movements ... ongoing opportunities to share their unfortunate experiences; such a movement can generate the ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... ... December 08, 2016 , ... Peter Zipp Insurance, an ... around the greater Phoenix metropolitan region, is announcing a charity event to provide ... the Homeless Youth Connection is to promote community awareness of the ongoing needs ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:12/8/2016)... 8, 2016 Research and Markets has announced ... their offering. ... The global chromatography market to grow at a ... Market 2016-2020, has been prepared based on an in-depth market analysis with ... growth prospects over the coming years. The report also includes a discussion ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... , December 8, 2016 ... "Sugar-Based Excipients Market by Product (Actual Sugars, Sugar ... (Filler & Diluent, Tonicity Agents), Formulation (Oral, Topical, ... MarketsandMarkets, the market has witnessed healthy growth during ... at a CAGR of 4.3% between 2016 and ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... , Dec. 8, 2016  Agenovir Corporation, a ... novel antiviral therapeutics, today announced that it appointed ... officer and a member of the board of ... executive with a deep background in both founding ... founder of Agenovir, co-president of Chan Zuckerberg  Biohub ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: