Navigation Links
Study evaluates factors associated with racial disparities in colon cancer screening
Date:6/23/2008

Blacks and Hispanics appear less likely to undergo colorectal cancer screening than whites because of socioeconomic, health care access and language barriers, according to a report in the June 23 issue of Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals. However, other factors may contribute to screening disparities experienced by Asians.

Colorectal cancer screening rates lag behind those for other cancer screening tests, according to background information in the article. In addition, marked disparities appear to exist between non-Hispanic whites and racial and ethnic minorities in the United States. "Such disparities in screening may contribute to the higher colorectal cancer incidence and mortality [death] rates observed in racial/ethnic minorities relative to non-Hispanic whites," the authors write.

Anthony F. Jerant, M.D., and colleagues at the University of California Davis School of Medicine, Sacramento, analyzed data from two national surveys conducted between 2000 and 2005. A total of 22,973 adults age 50 and older answered questions about demographics, colorectal cancer screening behaviors and other social and health care factors.

Overall, 54.1 percent of the participants were screened for colorectal cancer using either colonoscopy or fecal occult blood testing (FOBT). Individuals in racial and ethnic minority groups were less likely than whites to be tested33.8 percent of Asians, 48.2 percent of blacks and 36.7 percent of Hispanics underwent a screening procedure, compared with 57.2 percent of whites.

After adjusting for other factors associated with screening behaviorincluding demographics, socioeconomic variables, language spoken at home, health care access and self-rated healthdisparities between blacks, Hispanics and whites disappeared, the authors note. "Beyond socioeconomic factors, which disproportionately affect minorities, these findings suggest the effect of access and, for Hispanics, language-appropriate care on colorectal cancer screening uptake," they write.

However, after adjusting for the same factors, disparities between whites and Asians remained significant. "Although this study does not permit firm conclusions regarding the reason for this finding, the implication is that unmeasured cultural factors may contribute to the Asian/non-Hispanic white disparity in colorectal cancer screening," the authors write. "Less acculturated Asian individuals in the United States may have core health beliefs and values that differ from those in the 'Western' health model, leading them to decline FOBT or endoscopy offered in the absence of worrisome symptoms. They may also be less likely to be offered colorectal cancer screening."

The findings suggest that different types of programs may improve screening rates in separate minority groups, the authors conclude. Culturally targeted interventions for patients and physicians may help address Asian individuals, enhancing access to health care may help mitigate disparities between white and black patients and maximizing access and offering language-appropriate care and information may increase the number of Hispanics who are screened.


'/>"/>

Contact: Karen Finney
916-734-9064
JAMA and Archives Journals
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Study in Circulation provides detail on how low blood flow promotes vascular disease
2. Study shows that chronic grief activates pleasure areas of the brain
3. Researchers seek children for a study of antibiotics for a urinary tract disorder
4. NIH funds highway pollution and health study in Boston, Somerville
5. Study links vitamin D to colon cancer survival
6. Study: Medicare Competitive Bidding Program Could Impede Seniors Access to Diabetes Testing Supplies
7. Study finds Childrens Hospital patient safety program improves caregiver/family communications
8. Study Shows Mothers Who Take Chlorella Boost Babies Antibodies During Breast Feeding
9. Sprinters closest to starter pistol have advantage over those farther away, says study
10. Study indicates grape seed extract may reduce cognitive decline associated with Alzheimers disease
11. Study Ties Herpes Virus to Emerging Form of Diabetes
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/28/2017)... ... April 28, 2017 , ... Children and adolescents who ... experiences than children in the general population. That’s because foster care is designed ... family challenges. While no fault of their own, youth who have experienced trauma ...
(Date:4/28/2017)... ... 28, 2017 , ... Bill Howe started his sewer and drain company in ... Howe joined the team, the Bill Howe brand was born and they began cultivating ... giving back to the San Diego community in which they worked, lived and were ...
(Date:4/28/2017)... ... April 28, 2017 , ... Woolsy Corporation Limited, a leading ... Nova Skin Sciences division, recently announced the launch of Allumière Antiaging Cream, a ... of an anti-aging concentrate. , Anogeissus Leiocarpa Bark Extract and Vitamin ...
(Date:4/27/2017)... ... April 27, 2017 , ... Today, Jefferson Health in Philadelphia ... announced an agreement to create the Jane and Leonard Korman Respiratory Institute in ... Leonard Korman Family Foundation. The collaboration leverages the strengths of each organization and ...
(Date:4/27/2017)... ... 27, 2017 , ... Last night, Christine Collins of New ... for her extraordinary compassion and lifelong dedication to serve others. Since 1997, Home ... the prestigious award each year – identifying a CAREGiver who has exemplified exceptional ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:4/19/2017)... , April 19, 2017  SARES•REGIS Group ... it is developing at Conejo Spectrum Business Park ... to Atara Biotherapeutics, Inc. , a biopharmaceutical ... and life-threatening diseases that have been underserved by ... T-cell therapies for cancer, autoimmune and infectious disease. ...
(Date:4/18/2017)... Cogentix Medical, Inc. (NASDAQ: CGNT), a global medical device ... markets with innovative and proprietary products, will release financial ... after the market close on Tuesday, May 2, 2017. ... call and webcast to discuss its financial results the ... p.m. Eastern Time (3:30 p.m. Central Time). Darin ...
(Date:4/18/2017)... -- Research and Markets has announced the addition of ... offering. ... market to grow at a CAGR of 6.35% during the period ... has been prepared based on an in-depth market analysis with inputs ... growth prospects over the coming years. The report also includes a ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: