Navigation Links
Study estimates tobacco control in US has saved 8 million lives in last 50 years
Date:1/7/2014

Researchers estimate that tobacco control in the U.S. since 1964 has been associated with the avoidance of an estimated 8 million premature smoking-attributable deaths, with the beneficiaries of these avoided early deaths having gained, on average, nearly 2 decades of life, according to a study in the January 8 issue of JAMA. The authors add that smoking-attributable death occurred in approximately 17.7 million people during this time period, and that efforts must continue to reduce the effect of smoking on the nation's death toll.

"January 2014 marks the 50th anniversary of the first surgeon general's report on smoking and health. The report inaugurated efforts to reduce cigarette smoking and its effects on health. Those efforts by governments, voluntary organizations, and the private sectoreducation on smoking's dangers, increases in cigarette taxes, smoke-free air laws, media campaigns, marketing and sales restrictions, lawsuits, and cessation treatment programshave comprised the nation's tobacco control efforts," according to background information in the article.

Theodore R. Holford, Ph.D., of the Yale University School of Public Health, New Haven, Conn., and colleagues conducted a study to model reductions in smoking-related mortality associated with implementation of tobacco control since 1964. Smoking histories for individual birth cohorts that actually occurred and under likely scenarios had tobacco control never emerged were estimated. National mortality rates and mortality rate ratio estimates from analytical studies of the effect of smoking on mortality yielded death rates by smoking status. Actual smoking-related mortality from 1964 through 2012 was compared with estimated mortality under no tobacco control. National Health Interview Surveys yielded cigarette smoking histories for the U.S. adult population in 1964-2012.

The model estimated that a total of 17.7 million smoking-attributable deaths occurred between 1964 and 2012. Overall, an estimated reduction of 8.0 million premature smoking-attributable deaths (or "lives saved") were associated with tobacco control during this time period (5.3 million men and 2.7 million women). More than half of these, 4.4 million, occurred before age 65 years. The estimated number of lives saved each year has increased steadily over time.

From 1964-2012, it is estimated that overall, a gain of 157 million years of life was associated with tobacco control, 111 million for men and 46 million for women. "This suggests that individuals who avoided a premature smoking-related death gained 19.6 years of life on average (157 million years divided by 8.0 million lives saved)," the authors write.

For the population as a whole, life expectancy for men at age 40 years has increased 7.8 years. Without tobacco control, the estimated increase would have been 5.5 years. "Hence, 2.3 years or 30 percent of improved life expectancy for men is projected to be associated with tobacco control. In women, life expectancy at age 40 years increased 5.4 years, but without tobacco control, it would have been projected to increase by only 3.8 years. Tobacco control appears to be associated with 1.6 years of the improvement in life expectancy for women or 29 percent of the gain."

"Tobacco control has made a unique and substantial contribution to public health over the past half century. This study provides a quantitative perspective to the magnitude of that contribution."

"Despite the success of tobacco control efforts in reducing premature deaths in the United States, smoking remains a significant public health problem," the researchers write. "Today, a half century after the surgeon general's first pronouncement on the toll that smoking exacts from U.S. society, nearly a fifth of U.S. adults continue to smoke, and smoking continues to claim hundreds of thousands of lives annually. No other behavior comes close to contributing so heavily to the nation's mortality burden. Tobacco control has been a great public health success story but requires continued efforts to eliminate tobacco-related morbidity and mortality."


'/>"/>

Contact: Helen Dodson
helen.dodson@yale.edu
203-436-3984
The JAMA Network Journals
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Study Suggests Vaccine May Help Kids With Brain Cancer
2. Study reveals how cancer drug causes diabetic-like state
3. Coffee Drinking in Pregnancy Wont Lead to Sleepless Baby: Study
4. Lower GI problems plague many with rheumatoid arthritis, Mayo Clinic study finds
5. Veggies Like Broccoli, Cabbage May Help Fight Breast Cancer: Study
6. No Added Cancer Risk From Hip Replacement Materials: Study
7. Reported Decline in U.S. Pneumonia Deaths May Be False: Study
8. Early Study Finds Some Promise for Lung Cancer Vaccine
9. Narcissists Often Ace Job Interviews, Study Finds
10. Sexual objectification of female artists in music videos exists regardless of race, MU study finds
11. Soy may alleviate hot flashes in menopause, large-scale study finds
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/7/2016)... ... , ... "ProBrand Flip allows FCPX editors to create unique logo reveals which ... Pixel Film Studios. , ProBrand Flip includes 30 flip book reveal animations. Easily reveal ... a variety of flip book animations. In Addition, users can modify each preset to ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... ... ... Road To Restoration”: an informative and enlightening book for those who believe that ... “The Road To Restoration” is the creation of published author, Thomas Fitzhugh Sheets, seventy-one-year-old ... you could reach out for, and grab, on the old carousels. If you ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... NORFOLK, Va. (Dec. 3, 2016) , ... (PRWEB) ... ... the nation’s only patient advocacy nonprofit for individuals impacted by cerebral cavernous angiomas, ... work in New Mexico with a patient engagement program. New Mexico has more ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... ... December 07, 2016 , ... "Hacking into my medical record wouldn’t be ... 'a genius.'" Thus begins "Margaret in Berlin," Book Twelve in the Margaret of ... Books, Inc. These novels narrate the lives of a poor teenager and her ...
(Date:12/6/2016)... ... 06, 2016 , ... Individuals who seek to reduce the effects of aging ... limiting their exposure to the sun, according to a November 30 article ... (BHP) notes that, while preventive measures to help keep ourselves looking our best always ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:12/6/2016)...  Nearly 30 million people in the ... diabetes. 1 However, nearly 40% of diabetes patients ... and significant glucose variability. 2 These patients are at ... If left untreated, hyperglycemia can lead to cardiovascular disease, ... 3 As part of Diabetes Awareness ...
(Date:12/6/2016)... , Dec. 6, 2016  Arcturus Therapeutics, Inc. ... company, announced today that it entered into collaboration ... therapeutics for the treatment of NASH and other ... delivery platform LUNAR™ and UNA Oligomer chemistry. The ... Takeda,s long-standing commitment to and expertise in GI ...
(Date:12/6/2016)... Delaware , December 6, 2016 Breast Pump ... per a new research report by Global Market Insights, Inc. ... ... logo , ... Increasing global population, growing women employment rates and rising consumer awareness regarding ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: