Navigation Links
Study Probes Why Smokers Find It Hard to Quit
Date:9/9/2008

When not in a state of craving, they may underestimate intensity of future urge to light up

TUESDAY, Sept. 9 (HealthDay News) -- If you're not craving a hit of nicotine the moment you declare you are quitting smoking, your battle just got a little tougher, say researchers at the University of Pittsburgh and Carnegie Mellon University.

"We have observed previously that the idea of smoking a cigarette becomes increasingly attractive to smokers while they are craving," lead investigator Michael Sayette, a University of Pittsburgh professor of psychology, said in a university news release. "This study suggests that when smokers are not craving, they fail to appreciate just how powerful their cravings will be. This lack of insight while not craving may lead them to make decisions -- such as choosing to attend a party where there will be lots of smoking -- that they may come to regret."

The study, published in the September issue of Psychological Science, examines the "cold-to-hot empathy gap" -- that is, the tendency for people in a "cold" state (one not influenced by visceral factors such as hunger or fatigue) to improperly predict their own behavior when in a "hot" state (hungry, fatigued). This is, in part, because those in the cold state can't recall the intensity of their past cravings.

The researchers gathered 98 smokers for two experimental sessions. Those put in a "hot" state were asked to not smoke for 12 hours prior to the first session, then were induced to crave a cigarette by holding but not smoking a lit one. Those in a "cold" state smoked up until the first session but did not hold a lit cigarette. A comparison group skipped the first session completely.

During the first session, "hot" and "cold" participants were asked how much money they would need to delay smoking for five minutes in the second session, a time when all participants would be in a "hot" state. Smokers in all three groups had to abstain from smoking for 12 hours before the second session started, and were asked to hold -- but not smoke -- a lit cigarette during the session.

When asked the money question in the second session, the "cold" smokers from the first session asked for significantly more money to delay smoking for just five minutes while those originally in a "hot" state did not request an increase.

Those from the "cold" group were also much less likely to accurately predict how much money they would need to delay lighting up. Almost half of the "cold" smokers requested more money than what they had initially predicted, while only 25 percent of the "hot" group did the same.

"These findings suggest that smokers are likely to underpredict their own future desire to smoke when they're not craving a cigarette," study co-author George Loewenstein, the Herbert A. Simon Professor of Economics and Psychology at Carnegie Mellon, said in the news release. "The research not only has implications for helping smokers quit, but it also enlightens us on how nonsmokers may pick up the habit. If smokers can't appreciate the intensity of their need to smoke when they aren't currently craving, what's the likelihood that people who have never smoked can do so?"

More information

The American Cancer Society has more about how to quit smoking.



-- Kevin McKeever



SOURCE: Carnegie Mellon University, news release, Aug. 26, 2008


'/>"/>
Copyright©2008 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved

Related medicine news :

1. LegDisorders.org Launches a Dynamic Web-Based Series of CME Certified Activities Entitled: Recognizing and Managing Diseases of The Leg: A Self-Study Program
2. Better care of sickest patients can actually save hospitals money, says largest study of its kind
3. Researchers receive grant to study ways of preventing heart disease
4. Safety study indicates gene therapy for blindness improves vision
5. NIH launches unique effort to advance study of urologic chronic pelvic pain disorders
6. Study firmly shows no connection between measles, mumps, rubella (MMR) vaccine and autism
7. Oncology Clinical Research Scientist Recommends a Nuanced Preclinical Study Process to Speed Drug Development
8. Neutral HIV presentations more likely to be considered inviting, study finds
9. Study: Delaying evolution of drug resistance in malaria parasite possible
10. Study Links Serum Calcium, Prostate Cancer Death
11. Height May Boost Prostate Cancer Risk, Study Suggests
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/8/2016)... ... December 08, 2016 , ... After ... officially opened registration today for its 33rd Annual Issues & Research Conference, ... , The theme of the conference is “Persistent Challenges and New Opportunities: Using ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... ... 08, 2016 , ... Mirixa Corporation , a leading ... pharmacist-delivered patient care services, has announced the promotions of Karen Litsinger to senior ... of sales. , Litsinger joined Mirixa in 2008 after serving as a ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... ... 08, 2016 , ... Premier Fitness Camp (PFC) and The Chopra Center for ... and wellness program, at their world headquarters of Omni La Costa Resort & Spa ... to anyone seeking weight loss, personal development, a healthy lifestyle, or mental and physical ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... December 08, 2016 , ... ... Medical Center has been recognized for adherence to the highest standards of ... medical accreditation organizations, announced the center's president and CEO, Dr. Daniel Messina. , ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... ... December 08, 2016 , ... Healthcare ... Act. Dr. Botelho advocates for the mass media launching of story movements to ... opportunities to share their unfortunate experiences; such a movement can generate the network ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:12/8/2016)... , Dec. 8, 2016  Boehringer Ingelheim announced today ... Equality Index (CEI). This is the ninth time that ... designated as a Best Place to Work for LGBT ... CEI is a national benchmarking report on corporate policies ... bisexual and transgender (LGBT) employees. "We ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... December 8, 2016 According to a new market ... Sleep, Fetal), Therapeutic (Pain, Insulin)), End Use (Sports, Fitness, RPM), Type (Smart ... MarketsandMarkets, the global market, in terms of value, is projected to reach ... CAGR of 18.0% during the forecast period. ... ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... FRANCISCO , Dec. 8, 2016 ... today announced that it has closed a $23 ... McKesson Ventures and OrbiMed. The company seeks to ... time physicians spend on mandated EHR documentation. The ... scribe service that frees doctors from 3 hours ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: