Navigation Links
Study: Higher rates of diabetes, hypertension, heart disease and stroke found in food desert

BOSTON -- There is more to the cost of living in a food desert than higher prices for the few fruits and vegetables sold nearby, according to a study by an Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis researcher and the Marion County Public Health Department.

The study, being discussed at 12:30 p.m. Tuesday during the American Public Health Association's annual meeting in Boston, examined the health impact of developing a grocery store in a low-income urban neighborhood on the east side of Indianapolis. Researchers found that residents of the community have much higher rates of diabetes, hypertension, heart disease and stroke than in other areas of Marion County.

"We looked at those particular diagnoses because they are ones that are influenced by eating a healthy diet and being more physically active," said Cynthia Stone, clinical associate professor in the Richard M. Fairbanks School of Public Health at IUPUI. Stone led the research project.

The neighborhood, which has no full-service grocery store, is on the east side of the Indiana State Fairgrounds, bounded by 38th and 42nd Streets and Fall Creek Parkway and Sherman Drive. The nearest grocery stores are two to five miles away, falling within the U.S. Department of Agriculture's federal designation of a food desert, Stone said. The federal agency defines a food desert as a census tract with a substantial share of residents who live in low-income areas that have low levels of access to a grocery store or healthy, affordable food retail outlet.

The USDA's Economic Research Service estimates that 23.5 million people in the U.S. live in food deserts in urban neighborhoods and rural towns without ready access to fresh, healthy and affordable food. This lack of access contributes to a poor diet and can lead to higher levels of obesity and other diet-related illness, such as diabetes and heart disease. In the eastside neighborhood, many residents depend upon public transportation. Traveling to the closest grocery stores takes 30 to 45 minutes each way. Some residents had cars or were able to arrange for a ride in a car to the grocery store.

Stone said interviews were conducted with neighborhood association members and officials, as well as representatives of other agencies working in the community. Residents were given a written survey with questions about food shopping, including a question that asked how their food purchases might change if their community had a grocery store.

Researchers gathered data on the current health of the community, looking at hospital and emergency room data, Stone said. The study also found that the residents have a higher hospitalization rate and more frequent visits to the emergency room, compared to other county residents.

The community has 11 convenience stores. Ten of the stores allowed researchers to come inside and look at the kinds of foods they provided, Stone said. One of the stores sold fresh fruits and vegetables, while another one had a basket with a few apples and oranges, Stone said. Selections of healthier foods were limited, and what was available was more expensive than at a grocery store.

The survey showed neighborhood residents would be very supportive of a grocery store in their neighborhood and would change what foods they purchased if a grocery store were located nearby, Stone said. Residents also indicted a need not only for a grocery store but for nutritional education about healthy food, particularly for men who tended to purchase fewer healthy foods than women.


Contact: Rich Schneider
Indiana University

Related medicine news :

1. U-M study: Smarter blood pressure guidelines could prevent many more heart attacks and strokes
2. IU study: Leadership void, not lack of money, slows efforts to address cervical cancer
3. New study: Enterocystoplasty in children with genitourinary abnormalities is safe and effective
4. Mayo Clinic study: Uterine fibroids have significant impact on quality of life, workplace performance
5. Rice U study: Technology, not uninsured patients, driving hospital costs
6. CU Cancer Center study: Young patients with metastatic colorectal cancer at higher risk
7. Study: New medical device extremely effective at preventing HIV in women
8. Penn Medicine study: Proton therapy cuts side effects for pediatric head and neck cancer patients
9. Study: Majority of patients who qualify for lifesaving heart treatment do not receive it
10. Mayo-led study: Drug fails to reduce diarrhea in patients receiving radiation therapy
11. Study: Memory problems, emotional stress result in early readmissions of heart patients
Post Your Comments:
Related Image:
Study: Higher rates of diabetes, hypertension, heart disease and stroke found in food desert
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... 27, 2015 , ... A team of Swiss doctors has released a report ... has just posted the findings on the website. Click here to read the ... 136 mesothelioma patients who were treated with chemotherapy followed by EPP surgery. Among the ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... 2015 , ... ProSidebar: Fashion is a set of 30 kinetic ... Fasion, video editors can easily add an informative sidebar to any FCPX production. ... presets featuring self-animating drop zones, lines, bars, and text with the ease of FCPX's ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... 27, 2015 , ... The moment you stop improving is ... fulfilling the needs of advisers and clients but going above and beyond to ... customer service. However, there's always room for improvement, which is why the entire ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... , ... November 27, 2015 , ... Avid collector, Andrew ... Arbor Michigan boxing style concert posters. This is one of Joplin's most famous and ... House at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor. The According to Hawley, "It ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... (PRWEB) , ... November 26, 2015 , ... ... American Express Travel Representative. As a franchise owner, Somu now offers travelers, value ... cruise, destination wedding packages, private cruise sales, as well as, cabin upgrades and ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/27/2015)... , Niederlande, November 27, 2015 ... fotodynamischer Bremachlorin-Therapie bei fortgeschrittenem Krebs.   --> ... Bremachlorin-Therapie bei fortgeschrittenem Krebs.   --> ... Bremachlorin-Therapie bei fortgeschrittenem Krebs.   Clinical ... --> Clinical Cancer Research vom ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... , November 27, 2015 /PRNewswire/ ... --> Medical ... response system (PERS) market is ... 5 years with APAC being ... to see a high CAGR ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... 26, 2015 ... aanpak combineert immunotherapie met Bremachlorin-photodynamische therapie voor ... ) --> ... ) Uit ... Centrum (LUMC) blijkt ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: