Navigation Links
Study: Community organization can reduce, negate impact of alcohol outlets on neighborhood violence
Date:8/21/2011

The density of businesses that sell alcohol in a community has been tied to local levels of violence, but new research has found that the influence depends on the nature of the community. More stable communities can see little to no influence but more disorganized communities are not so fortunate.

Communities with greater levels of disorganization, marked by higher percentages of people living in poverty and in women-headed households with children and more renters, were hit the hardest by the presence of the liquor establishments.

"Common values and stronger social cohesion found in more organized communities usually results in a greater ability to regulate the behavior of local retailers and those who patronize the local alcohol outlets," said William Alex Pridemore, professor in the Department of Criminal Justice at Indiana University Bloomington. "These communities are more likely to have greater social capital, effective informal surveillance, and even friends who work at city hall. They're more likely to get the attention of police or authorities who license liquor establishments."

Pridemore will discuss his findings on Monday during the American Sociological Association's annual meeting in Las Vegas.

The study results have policy implications. Changing local and state alcohol policies can be daunting because of its complex political and commercial context but Pridemore said changing alcohol policy, such as restricting the number of outlets that can operate in disorganized neighborhoods, might be easier to achieve than changing neighborhood characteristics like poverty or social disorganization. Citywide policies that establish density thresholds for businesses that sell alcohol might not be necessary, he said, but instead such policies could be targeted to protect the most fragile neighborhoods.

The co-author of the study is Tony Grubesic, associate professor in the College of Information Science and Technology at Drexel University.

In earlier research, Pridemore and Grubesic found that adding one off-premise alcohol sales site per square mile would create 2.3 more simple assaults and 0.6 more aggravated assaults per square mile. Increases in violence associated with restaurants and bars were smaller but still statistically significant. Their latest findings demonstrate that this relationship between assaults and the number of alcohol outlets weakened as the social organization of a community increased. The association became stronger, with the number of assaults increasing, as the level of disorganization increased.

Pridemore said greater organization, which can include neighborhood associations and neighborhood watches, likely weakens the association for the following reasons: These communities can informally influence the behavior of patrons who visit local liquor establishments; residents are more likely to demand more responsible business practices from the owners and managers of alcohol sales sites; residents also are more likely to tap their social connections or otherwise get the attention of police and other authorities when problems arise.

The researchers created their models using geocoded police data on assaults and geocoded data on the location of alcohol outlets in 298 block groups in Cincinnati. Pridemore and Grubesic's research is among the first to apply theories and research techniques used by sociologists and geographers to the long-studied relationship between violence and community organization, typically the domain of epidemiologists and public health experts.


'/>"/>

Contact: William Pridemore
wpridemo@indiana.edu
812-856-2220
Indiana University
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Study: Graphic warning labels reduce demand for cigarettes
2. Study: Inexpensive method detects ALK rearrangement in lung cancer patients
3. INFORMS study: OR models of hepatitis B prove decisive in treating millions in US, China
4. Study: Doctors differ in how best to care for Americas 12 million cancer survivors
5. Drexel study: Misuse of pain medication is pathway to high-risk behaviors
6. Study: Subsidizing wages at long-term care facilities would cut turnover
7. Study: Inherited Alzheimers Detectable 20 Years Before Symptom Onset
8. Study: Potassium Boosts Heart Health, Salt Harms It
9. Study: Hypoallergenic dogs not less allergic than other dogs
10. New study: Women less likely than men to fake soccer injuries
11. EURTAC Phase III study: Erlotinib nearly doubles progression-free survival vs. chemotherapy
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/23/2017)... , ... February 23, 2017 , ... Dr. David Mahon ... Henderson, NV 89052. Dr. Mahon was named a 2017 Top Patient Rated Henderson ... is an online directory that recognizes local physicians and dentists who have earned high ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... ... February 23, 2017 , ... Healthcare Research ... those in the fight against cancer, has produced a seminal study that asked ... will release top-line findings in a webinar, Defining Compassionate Care Through the Voices ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... ... February 23, 2017 , ... Top cosmetic and periodontal dentist Dr. ... with a new Indiegogo campaign . Individuals are now able to contribute to ... Angeles area, either as a participating patient or through an Indiegogo donation. The entirety ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... Va. (PRWEB) , ... February 23, 2017 , ... ... or problems. He has also continued to spiritually evolve, which is the purpose of ... book “ Our Spiritual Truths ” (published by Balboa Press) attempts to guide readers ...
(Date:2/22/2017)... ... February 22, 2017 , ... Stem cell therapy has made ... is so cutting edge, in fact, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) ... successful patient outcomes in certain clinical stem cell procedures have shown that this ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/23/2017)... Research and Markets has announced the addition of the ... offering. ... Menopause Drugs Price Analysis and Strategies - 2016, provides drug pricing data ... following questions: What are the key drugs ... the Global Menopause market? What are the unit prices ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... 23, 2017 Regulus Therapeutics Inc . ... development of innovative medicines targeting microRNAs, today announced it ... results on Thursday, March 2, 2017 after the market ... and webcast on March 2, 2017 at 5:00 p.m. ... 2016 financial results and provide a general business update.  ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... -- The fast-growing cannabis market is expected to ... . According to the 2017 Legal Marijuana Outlook, published by ... 283,422 jobs by 2020, with an implied growth rate of ... The accelerating pace of cannabis legalization is considered as the ... which will further create more business ventures and boost the ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: