Navigation Links
Study: Carbon Monoxide Exposure Can be Reduced During Routine Anesthesia in Kids
Date:4/29/2010

Anesthesiologist identifies two changes to standard of care to protect developing brains

Washington, D.C. (Vocus) April 29, 2010 -- Doctors at Children's National Medical Center have found that carbon monoxide levels in the blood of young children increase during routine general anesthesia. Anesthesiologists have found for the first time that, under certain circumstances, infants and children may be exposed to carbon monoxide during routine anesthesia resulting in a rise in the carbon monoxide levels in the child's blood.

Because carbon monoxide can be generated as a byproduct of anesthesia, anesthesiologists world-wide use specific precautions to prevent and limit its production, according to Richard J. Levy, MD, Chief of Cardiac Anesthesiology, at Children's National. Dr. Levy's team identified the conditions in which carbon monoxide may be inhaled during anesthesia:

 
  • The first study demonstrated that carbon monoxide detected in the breathing circuit correlated with the increase in blood levels in children 2 years and older. The study included 15 patients between 4 months and 8 years.
  • The second study identified that the patient's own exhaled carbon monoxide may be "re-breathed" during low-flow anesthesia – the current standard of care – where fresh gas flows more slowly into the circuit, rather than rapidly.

"The main goal is to provide the safest environment for young patients who require surgery,” said Dr. Levy. "We have identified tangible ways to reduce the risk of carbon monoxide exposure, and our hope is that these changes will be implemented internationally.”

Much remains unknown about the effects of low-dose carbon monoxide exposure on the developing brain. Several recent studies have suggested there may be a link to hearing impairments. Though there is more research to be done to determine these impacts, Dr. Levy recommends two immediate changes that will eliminate the risk of carbon monoxide exposure in children:

 
  • In the anesthesia machine, use carbon dioxide absorbents that lack strong metal alkali and do not degrade inhaled anesthetics (avoids CO production risk)
  • Avoid of low-flow anesthesia (avoids CO re-breathing risk)

Following Dr. Levy's study findings, Children's National switched to the recommended absorbent to minimize the risk to patients. Although the sample size is small, the results are compelling and Dr. Levy believes changes should be implemented.

Dr. Levy's research has been named the top study out of 600 at the International Anesthesia Research Society 2010 meeting, and won the John J. Downes Research Award for best abstract at the Society of Pediatric Anesthesia/American Academy of Pediatrics 2010 Annual meeting.

Related Links:
Read the study
Division of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
Watch Dr. Levy talk about specialized pediatric anesthesiology.

Contact: Emily Dammeyer/Jennifer Leischer, 202-476-4500.

Children's National Medical Center, located in Washington, DC, is a leader in the development of innovative new treatments for childhood illness and injury. Children's has been serving the nation's children for more than 135 years. Children's National is consistently ranked among the best pediatric hospitals by U.S.News & World Report and the Leapfrog Group. For more information, visit ChildrensNational.org. Children's Research Institute, the academic arm of Children's National Medical Center, encompasses the translational, clinical, and community research efforts of the institution. Learn more about Children's Research Institute at ChildrensNational.org/Research.

# # #

Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/carbon_monoxide/anesthesia/prweb3943714.htm.


'/>"/>
Source: PRWeb
Copyright©2010 Vocus, Inc.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. U-M study: Use of alternative therapy for pain treatment increases with age and wealth
2. Children's Rights Group Agrees with New Study: Infant Circumcision Causes 100 Deaths Each Year in US
3. Study: Social influence playing role in surging autism diagnoses
4. Study: Child health may suffer in strong economy
5. Study: Low Levels of Vitamin D Linked to Higher Rates of Asthma in African American Kids
6. Study: Mechanomyography to be accurate in detecting nerves during minimally invasive spine surgery
7. Study: Kidney disease a big risk for younger, low-income minorities
8. Study: Federal funds support health depts., but leadership is key
9. Henry Ford Hospital study: Shoulder function not fully restored after surgery
10. New Study: Improved Immune System with Gene-Eden, a Natural Antiviral Supplement that Targets Chronic Viruses
11. UNC study: Obese 3-year-olds show early warning signs for future heart disease
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Study: Carbon Monoxide Exposure Can be Reduced During Routine Anesthesia in Kids 
(Date:7/25/2017)... ... July 25, 2017 , ... Centurion Service Group ... Regional Account Manager for the Northeast and Florida regions. In this role, Jennifer ... obsolete medical assets. , Jennifer joins Centurion with a wealth of knowledge and ...
(Date:7/25/2017)... Texas (PRWEB) , ... July 25, 2017 , ... ... fastest growing ATM provider in the United States, today announced its partnership with ... financial institutions. , The foundation of the solution lies within Hyosung’s superior ...
(Date:7/24/2017)... ... July 24, 2017 , ... Engineers at the University of Maryland have ... same kind of electrical energy that the body uses. , In ordinary batteries ... flow of electrons out of the battery is generated by moving positive ions from ...
(Date:7/24/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... July 24, 2017 , ... ... the federal Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration’s (SAMHSA) State Targeted Response ... California Department of Health Care Services, will facilitate the development of a hub ...
(Date:7/24/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... July 24, 2017 , ... Every year, ... invigorating and educational conference, InstructureCon. Each annual event is coupled with a dynamic theme ... with a James Bond theme, Mission: InstructureCon 0017. , To extend their partnership ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:7/12/2017)... LOS ANGELES , July 12, 2017 CarpalAID is ... without drugs, braces or surgery. Carpal tunnel syndrome affects ... tunnel syndrome at twice the rate of men. The common methods ... steroids, or mobilization with uncomfortable hand braces or gloves. ... CarpalAID is a ...
(Date:7/11/2017)... , July 11, 2017 Zymo Research Corp., also known ... that can quantify biological aging in a precise manner using the myDNAge ... Steve Horvath , a professor of human genetics and biostatistics at the ... School of Public Health , Zymo Research,s proprietary DNAge ™ technology ... ...
(Date:7/11/2017)...  The global market for liquid biopsy diagnostic and ... in 2016.  Although in early stages, the global market ... as a result of the gradual shift towards personalized ... of a significant number of new liquid biopsy tests ... biomarkers to guide treatment decisions. ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: