Navigation Links
Study: Body Dysmorphic Disorder patients have higher risk of personal and appearance-based rejection sensitivity
Date:7/15/2014

PROVIDENCE, R.I. In a recent study, researchers at Rhode Island Hospital found that fear of being rejected because of one's appearance, as well as rejection sensitivity to general interpersonal situations, were significantly elevated in individuals with Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD). These fears, referred to as personal rejection sensitivity and appearance-based rejection sensitivity, can lead to diminished quality of life and poorer mental and overall health. BDD is a common, often severe, and under-recognized body image disorder that affects an estimated 1.7 to 2.4 percent of the population. The study is published in the current issue of the journal Body Image.

"People with BDD obsess about physical features or attributes that they believe are ugly or hideous, often spending hours looking in the mirror and taking extraordinary measures to try to correct imperfections that only they can see," said Katharine Phillips, M.D., director of the Body Dysmorphic Disorder program at Rhode Island Hospital, and senior author of the study. "So they are particularly sensitive to what they believe is rejection from others based on these or other perceived flaws."

She continued, "This study suggests that those with BDD experience an increased expectation of personal rejection, often to the detriment of their overall health and quality of life."

The study found that personal rejection sensitivity was associated with more severe BDD and depressive symptoms, poorer mental health, general health, and physical and social functioning, while appearance-based rejection sensitivity was associated with more severe BDD and depressive symptoms, and poorer general health. Personal rejection sensitivity is defined as the tendency by an individual to worry that others will negatively evaluate and reject them. Clinical observations additionally suggest that personal rejection sensitivity is common in persons with BDD. A more specific type of rejection sensitivity, appearance-based rejection sensitivity, also may be a key characteristic of BDD. Appearance-based rejection sensitivity is defined as anxiety-provoking expectations of social rejection based on physical appearance

"Generally speaking, no one enjoys being rejected or feeling embarrassed," Phillips said. "But for people with BDD, feelings of being rejected by others are exacerbated, sometimes to the point where individuals are debilitated by these concerns, even if the rejection was simply perceived, not real."

BDD typically starts during early adolescence. The disorder consists of intrusive, time-consuming preoccupations about perceived defects in one's physical appearance (for example, acne, hair loss, or nose size) whereas the perceived flaws are actually minimal or even nonexistent in the eyes of others. Individuals with BDD may engage in obsessive grooming, skin picking or plastic surgery (which appears to usually be ineffective). BDD also often leads to social impairments, missed work or school and difficulty forming and maintaining meaningful relationships. It is associated with high lifetime rates of psychiatric hospitalization and suicide.

"More research is needed to help patients and their families better understand BDD and associated rejection sensitivity. Studies are also needed to help clinicians determine the best treatment to help patients who are suffering with BDD lead lives that are as productive and satisfying as possible," Phillips said.


'/>"/>
Contact: Ellen Slingsby
eslingsby@lifespan.org
401-444-6421
Lifespan
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Study: Women not getting enough exercise; at risk of developing metabolic syndrome
2. Study: Insomnia takes toll on tinnitus patients
3. Study: No link between depression, nasal obstruction
4. Study: More Pre-Teens Get Vaccines When Middle Schools Require Them
5. Study: Kids Who Sleep in Parents Bed Less Likely to Be Overweight
6. OHSU study: Misdiagnosis of MS is costing health system millions per year
7. UW study: Sleep apnea associated with higher mortality from cancer
8. Study: Heart damage after chemo linked to stress in cardiac cells
9. STeleR study: Telerehab improves functioning after stroke
10. Study: Willingness to be screened for dementia varies by age but not by sex, race or income
11. Study: 21 percent of newly admitted nursing home residents sustain a fall during their stay
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/6/2019)... ... December 06, 2019 , ... In ... students in Salt Lake Community College’s (SLCC) Emergency Medical Technician (EMT) ... Chelise Schaefer—were awarded the AT&T Public Safety Hero Scholarship to support their first ...
(Date:12/6/2019)... ... December 06, 2019 , ... COMPLIANCY GROUP is ... the Wyoming Medical Society. Compliancy Group is dedicated to educating and assisting Wyoming ... to adhere to the standards set forth by the Health Insurance Portability and ...
(Date:12/6/2019)... , ... December 06, 2019 , ... Dr. Scott Howell, ... program, recently published research on the health benefits of coconut oil in the 7 ... and Its Effects on the Cardiometabolic Profile: A Structured Literature Review,” led by Dr. ...
(Date:12/5/2019)... (PRWEB) , ... December 05, 2019 , ... ... Practice M&A: Risks and Rewards of Building Platforms— on Thursday, December 12, 2019, ... competing for large, multi-specialty medical groups. Middle-market PE firms are scrambling to assemble ...
(Date:12/5/2019)... ... December 05, 2019 , ... ... patients met the hospital's newest staff member who will to help them take ... and affection during medical procedures.  , Rocket, presented by NutriSource® is a golden ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:12/2/2019)... ... 02, 2019 , ... A Better Life Recovery, a leading ... health facility, announced it has named Tim Ryan and Jennifer Gimenez as the ... efforts. , "We are proud to announce that Jennifer and Tim have joined ...
(Date:12/2/2019)... ... December 02, 2019 , ... ... services to dental groups in the United States, today announced the grand opening ... Tulare, CA. , Patients will enjoy convenient hours, a comfortable office and ...
(Date:12/2/2019)... ALEXANDRIA, Va. (PRWEB) , ... December 02, 2019 ... ... partnerships make all communities healthier places to live, work, learn, and play. Striving ... work for review against the rigorous national standards set by the Public Health ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: