Navigation Links
Study: Abuse rates higher among deaf and hard-of-hearing children compared with hearing youths

A new study at Rochester Institute of Technology indicates that the incidence of maltreatment, including neglect and physical and sexual abuse, is more than 25 percent higher among deaf and hard-of-hearing children than among hearing youths. The research also shows a direct correlation between childhood maltreatment and higher rates of negative cognition, depression and post-traumatic stress in adulthood.

The study, which was presented at the 2010 annual meeting of the Association of Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies, is one of the first to compare childhood maltreatment between deaf and hearing children.

"By providing clear data on the high rate of childhood maltreatment in the deaf community, we hope to shine a light on the issue and provide mental-health professionals with the necessary data to better treat both children and adults suffering from mental and behavioral disorders," notes Lindsay Schenkel, assistant professor of psychology at RIT and director of the research team.

The group, which also included undergraduate psychology student Danielle Burnash and Gail Rothman-Marshall, associate professor of liberal studies at RIT's National Technical Institute for the Deaf, conducted a survey of 425 college students, 317 hearing and 108 deaf, asking them to describe any maltreatment they had experienced prior to the age of 16.

Seventy-seven percent of deaf and hard-of-hearing respondents indicated experiencing some form of child maltreatment, compared with 49 percent among hearing respondents. In addition, respondents with more severe hearing loss indicated an increased rate and severity of maltreatment.

"Interestingly, having a deaf parent or a family member who signs, or being part of the deaf community, did not reduce the risk of childhood maltreatment," Burnash notes.

The team also found that deaf and hard-of-hearing respondents who had suffered maltreatment had higher rates of negative cognitions about themselves, others and the future compared with hearing individuals who had suffered maltreatment. The rate of depression and post-traumatic stress was also higher among all deaf and hard-of-hearing respondents regardless of maltreatment.

Schenkel, Rothman-Marshall and Burnash plan to continue to examine the issue of child maltreatment in deaf and hard-of-hearing individuals and the impact this has on mental-health functioning with the goal of developing standardized assessments and more effective treatments for this population.

"For example, our research shows that individuals who are active members of the deaf community report fewer depressive and post-traumatic stress symptoms," Schenkel adds.


Contact: William Dube
Rochester Institute of Technology

Related medicine news :

1. Henry Ford Hospital study: Shoulder function not fully restored after surgery
2. U-M study: Kids frequently exposed to medical imaging procedures that use radiation
3. Penn study: Hospital CPR quality is worse at night
4. Study: Tai Chi relieves arthritis pain, improves reach, balance, well-being
5. UF study: Emotional effects of heavy combat can be lifelong for veterans
6. VCU study: Researchers discover a drug combination that shrinks tumors in vivo
7. Study: Doctors overprescribe antibiotics for respiratory infections
8. Study: How Palestinian and Israeli children are psychologically scarred by exposure to war
9. Study: Mental illness stigma entrenched in American culture; new strategies needed
10. New study: Serious gaps in medical journals disclosure of physician relationships with industry
11. Henry Ford Hospital study: hVISA linked to high mortality
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/29/2015)... , ... November 29, 2015 , ... While conventional walkers ... or provide ready access to exercise weights. Fortunately, an inventor from Uniontown, Pa., has ... TOMMY WALKER to enhance the benefits of a standard walker to improve the user’s ...
(Date:11/28/2015)... ... November 28, 2015 , ... ... and teleradiology services, has added Chris Hafey and Claude Hooton to its board ... Radiological Society of North America (RSNA) 2015 Annual Meeting and continues to strategically ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... , ... November 28, 2015 , ... There is only ... outperform our billings from last year? , This question has not been an easy ... coming to the retirement age and the younger workforce don’t share the same discipline ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... Raleigh, NC (PRWEB) , ... November 27, 2015 , ... ... most effective ways to treat it. Surviving Mesothelioma has just posted the findings ... Researchers at University Hospital Zurich analyzed the cases of 136 mesothelioma patients who were ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... Aliso Viejo, CA (PRWEB) , ... November 27, 2015 , ... ... exclusively for use in Final Cut Pro X. With ProSidebar: Fasion, video editors ... banners, or use ProSidebar as a minimalist title opener. Utilize presets featuring self-animating ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/29/2015)... Germany , Nov. 29, 2015  At this ... attendees to experience the most complete mobile C-arm portfolio ... display is Ziehm Vision RFD 3D, the world,s only ... cm edge length per scan volume. In addition, Ziehm ... fully motorized mobile C-arm in four axes which is ...
(Date:11/29/2015)... 2015 CIVCO Medical Solutions will demonstrate ... Radiological Society of North America ... November 29 – December 4, 2015. The ... customers unrivaled versatility, enhanced user experience and deliver ... --> --> ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... Pays-Bas, November 27, 2015 ... traitement photodynamique au Bremachlorin contre le cancer avancé. ... consistant à combiner l,immunothérapie au traitement photodynamique au ... --> Une nouvelle approche consistant à ... le cancer avancé.    Clinical ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: