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Studies review smoking among college freshmen and tobacco use by adolescents with ADHD
Date:12/3/2007

Chicago, Dec. 4, 2007 A supplemental issue of Nicotine and Tobacco Research published today includes a variety of key findings on the smoking habits of college freshmen; nicotine dependence; the use of tobacco by individuals with attention- deficit/ hyperactivity disorder, depression and anxiety; and the challenges of so-called reduced-exposure tobacco products.

The papers published in the special supplement represent the work of several universities involved in two major research programs funded by the National Cancer Institute (NCI), National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF) over the last decade.

The findings in this supplemental issue are of interest to smokers, researchers and policy makers because they focus on practical issues and represent the work of noted scientists from a variety of disciplines, according to Robin Mermelstein, Ph.D., of the University of Illinois at Chicago. Mermelstein wrote the introductory paper in the supplement.

Smoking Habits of College Freshmen

Studies show that smoking initiation typically occurs at age 15 or 16 and over a two- or three-year period gradually increases to daily smoking. Daily smokers continue to escalate their use of cigarettes over the next several years as they develop into chronic, heavily dependent smokers.

This study looked at the daily smoking habits of 912 college students at Purdue University during their freshman year to understand some of the factors that influence trajectories of smoking behavior and tobacco dependence. Students were assessed weekly over the course of the academic year using a web-based survey and provided monthly saliva samples for cotinine analysis. Rates of alcohol and marijuana use were also examined.

Results revealed several patterns of substance use. Heightened use of cigarettes, alcohol, and marijuana were observed during the earliest weeks of school, followed by steady rates of dec
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Source:Eurekalert

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