Navigation Links
Studies' message to women: Keep your cool

New Haven, Conn.-Whether you are running for president or looking for a clerical job, you cannot afford to get angry if you are a woman, Yale University psychologist Victoria Brescoll has found.

Brescoll and Eric Uhlmann at Northwestern University recently completed three separate studies to explore a phenomenon that may be all-too-familiar to women like New York Senator Hillary Clinton: People accept and even reward men who get angry but view women who lose their temper as less competent

The studies, published in the March issue of Psychological Science, provide women with recommendations for navigating emotional hazards of the workplace. Brescoll says it pays to stay emotionally neutral and, if you can't, at least explain what ticked you off in the first place.

Clinton's presidential campaign has put a spotlight on the question of whether anger hurts a female candidate. The answer, according to the studies, appears to be an unequivocal yes - unless the anger deals with treatment of a family member.

"An angry woman loses status, no matter what her position,'' said Brescoll, who worked in Clinton's office as a Congressional Fellow in 2004 while she was preparing her doctoral thesis on gender bias. She noticed over the years that women pay a clear price for showing anger and men don't.

In all studies, both men and women were shown videos of actors portraying men and women who were ostensibly applying for a job. The participants in the studies were then asked to rate applicants on how much responsibility they should be given, their perceived competence, whether they should be hired, and how much they should get paid.

Both men and women in the reached the same conclusions: Angry men deserved more status, a higher salary, and were expected to be better at the job than angry women.

When those actor/applicants expressed sadness, however, the bias was less evident, and women applicants were ranked equally to men in status and competence, but not in salary.

Brescoll and her colleague then compared angry job applicants to ones who did not display any emotion. And this time the researchers showed study participants videos of both men and women applying for lower-status jobs. The findings were duplicated: Angry men were valued more highly than angry women no matter what level position they were applying for. However, the disparities disappeared when men and women who were emotionally neutral were ranked.

A final study showed another way bias against female anger could be mitigated. When women actors explained why they were angry, observers tended to cut them more slack. However, Brescoll noted a final gender difference: Men could actually be hurt when they explained why they were angry - perhaps, says the Yale psychologist, because observers tend to see this as a sign of weakness.


Contact: Bill Hathaway
Yale University

Related medicine news :

1. Gene Studies of Male-Female Differences Often Flawed
2. Two studies published in the Lancet
3. Study of Studies Finds No Risk to Children From Phthalates in Toys
4. Just Completed Studies Reveal Impact of New Medicare Reimbursement Regulations
5. Studies Prove Exercise Can Heal the Body Mind and Soul
6. Studies Shed New Light on Breast Cancer, Treatment
7. Multi-Year Compendium of Pharmaceutical Case Studies Available from Best Practices, LLC
8. Genomic Health Announces Multiple Studies on Oncotype DX(TM) Presented at 2007 American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) Breast Cancer Symposium
9. Best Practice Database: Complimentary Excerpt of Three Sales Force Excellence Studies
10. Major Pharma Clinical Case Studies From Amgen, AstraZeneca, GSK, Intermune, Cephalon Inc, Sunesis Pharmaceuticals and Dartmouth Medical School During Fall Clinical Focused Programs
11. NIH awards Einstein multimillion dollar grant to extend studies of exceptional longevity
Post Your Comments:
(Date:12/1/2015)... ... December 02, 2015 , ... ... events and association with initiation of treatment for osteoporosis ”. , As corresponding ... pharmacological treatment in patients diagnosed with osteoporosis. Based on a large US managed ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... ... December 01, 2015 , ... According to an article published ... discrimination claim against the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, claiming that any ... plans are breaking the clause in the law prohibiting the denial of coverage for ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... ... December 01, 2015 , ... Dr. Paul Vitenas, one of ... has been named by MedEsthetics magazine as the Best Single Physician Practice in the ... the many elite aesthetic physicians honored by the industry publication. , Dr. Vitenas ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... NY (PRWEB) , ... December 01, 2015 , ... ... in the 1980s we have seen vast improvements in scientific research and discoveries, ... significant strides, providing increased hope and relief to those affected by HIV/AIDS. Mediaplanet’s ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... ... December 01, 2015 , ... Diabetic ... United States. Podiatrists are well aware that psychology-based patient non-compliance (disobedience of a ... catastrophic contributors to diseases of the diabetic foot. The American Board of ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:12/1/2015)... Dec. 1, 2015 Array BioPharma ... that its Chief Executive Officer, Ron ... Annual Healthcare Conference in New York.  The ... conference through a webcast on the Array ... , --> , ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... Dec. 1, 2015 Assurex Health, Inc. ... test giving healthcare providers an expanded range of ... patients suffering from depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder, posttraumatic ... conditions. i .   ... With the addition of two new drug classes, ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... 1, 2015 --> ... report "Nucleic Acid Labeling Market by Product (Reagents & ... Primer, In Vitro Transcription, Reverse Transcription, End Labeling), by ... The global market is expected to reach USD 1,925.7 ... growing at a CAGR of 8.65%. Browse ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: