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Studies Define Type 2 Diabetes Risk Factors in Women, Adolescents
Date:5/29/2008

e 2 diabetes occurred. In the combined analyses, overweight/obese unfit (lowest third of cardiorespiratory fitness) women had significantly increased risk of diabetes compared with normal weight fit (upper two thirds of cardiorespiratory fitness) women. The least-fit had a three-fold higher diabetes risk compared to the most fit, while those with the highest BMI scores had a six-fold higher diabetes risk compared to those with lowest numbers.

"One of the more remarkable findings is that a mild to moderate level of aerobic fitness was associated with a substantially reduced risk of diabetes in these women," stated Hooker. "These levels of fitness can be achieved by most women by simply walking briskly for 30 minutes 5 days per week. This amount of regular physical activity will also play an important role in maintaining a healthy body weight, further lowering the risk of diabetes."

Type 2 Diabetes in Adolescents

Research presented at the meeting sheds new information on the impact of type 2 diabetes in youth. In one study, researchers found that youth with type 2 diabetes exhibit low levels of cardiorespiratory fitness and the majority do not participate in adequate amounts of habitual physical activity. The data contribute to what is known about reduced fitness and a sedentary lifestyle as components to the pathophysiology of type 2 diabetes among youth.

"Type 2 diabetes used to be generally called 'adult-onset' diabetes, and its rise in youth has clearly redefined the incidence and risk of the condition wholly," said Melissa Spezia Faulkner, DSN, R.N., principal investigator of this research series. "We need to assess whether changes in fitness and/or activity over time impact diabetes progression or improvement in youth."

The study involved 40 adolescents with type 2 diabetes, and measured their fitness using a cycle exercise tests and self-reported physical activity levels. Collectively, the participants were markedly overweight
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SOURCE American College of Sports Medicine
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