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Studies Define Type 2 Diabetes Risk Factors in Women, Adolescents
Date:5/29/2008

Research adds to what is known about relationship between fitness and diabetes

INDIANAPOLIS, May 29 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- The risk of developing type 2 diabetes in women is significantly increased as a result of either low cardiorespiratory fitness or higher Body Mass Index (BMI), and a combination of the two increases the risk the most, according to a long-term study presented today at the 55th Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM). An independent and combined association among the two health factors was identified in the study of more than 6,200 women over the course of 17 years.

A protective effect of cardiorespiratory fitness was observed in women who were overweight or obese, but it did not altogether eliminate the increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes in these groups. These findings show that it is important for women to be as active and fit as possible, as well as to maintain a healthy weight to decrease their risk of this chronic disease.

"Physical activity is one of the most important strategies to managing, and in some cases, preventing type 2 diabetes," said Steven P. Hooker, Ph.D. FACSM, lead author of the study. "The incidence of type 2 diabetes is growing swiftly, and across genders and ages. The more we learn about the factors that impact the onset of the disease, and their impact jointly and separately, the more tools we will have to help people manage and prevent the condition."

In the study, the thousands of middle-aged women were enrolled between 1971 and 2004 when free of baseline cardiovascular disease, cancer, and diabetes. At that time, they received a preventive medical examination, during which they completed a maximal treadmill exercise test to define their level of cardiorespiratory fitness. Their health and family history was recorded, as well as other variables including cholesterol, smoking and alcohol intake.

During the years of follow-up, 143 cases of typ
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SOURCE American College of Sports Medicine
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