Navigation Links
Strong link found between victimization, substance abuse

A strong link between victimization experiences and substance abuse has been discovered by researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago.

The correlation is especially prevalent among gays, lesbians and bisexuals -- more so than in heterosexuals, says Tonda Hughes, professor and interim head of health systems science in the UIC College of Nursing. Hughes is lead author of the study, published in the journal Addiction.

Researchers compared victimization experiences of unwanted sexual activity, neglect, physical violence, and assault with a weapon, across four sexual-identity subgroups -- heterosexual, gay or lesbian, bisexual, or "not sure." The study used data collected nationally from 34,635 adults from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions.

Hughes and her research team wondered if sexual-minority women and men are at a heightened risk for victimization. The results, Hughes said, showed that they are.

Lesbian and bisexual women were more than twice as likely as heterosexual women to report any victimization over their lifetime. Lesbians, gay men and bisexual women also reported a greater number of victimization experiences than did heterosexuals. Three times as many lesbians as heterosexual women reported childhood sexual abuse.

One possible explanation for this disproportionality, Hughes said, is that lesbians are more willing to acknowledge and report this experience.

"Gays and lesbians tend to be more self-reflective," she said. "This means they are more likely to think about and report negative or stigmatizing life experiences. Heterosexuals may not be inclined to do so."

Gay men also had high rates of victimization, with about half of them reporting any lifetime victimization. They reported significantly higher rates of childhood sexual abuse, childhood neglect, partner violence and assault with a weapon than heterosexual men.

Not only are there higher rates of violence and victimization among sexual minorities, but there is also a higher rate of substance abuse, Hughes said.

Regardless of sexual identity, women who reported two or more victimization experiences had two to four times the prevalence of alcohol dependence, drug abuse or drug dependence as women who reported no victimization, she said.

The research also concluded that gay, lesbian and bisexual youth may use substances to cope with adverse psychological and interpersonal effects of victimization, increasing the risk for further victimization from others, she said.


Contact: Sam Hostettler
University of Illinois at Chicago

Related medicine news :

1. Early Puberty Onset Linked to Stronger Bones
2. Parents Have Stronger Relationship When Dad Plays With Kids
3. Having a strong community protects adolescents from risky health behaviors
4. Novel immune system-based gene therapy induces strong responses in metastatic melanoma, sarcoma
5. Study Finds Round Numbers Are Strong Motivators
6. Strong social ties benefit breast cancer patients
7. Teens Breast-fed as Infants Have Stronger Leg Muscles
8. Sleep makes your memories stronger
9. Benefits of healthy lifestyle factors stronger in combination
10. Iron-regulating protein is strong predictor of breast cancer prognosis, study shows
11. Healthiest pregnant women feel a strong sense of community
Post Your Comments:
(Date:12/1/2015)... (PRWEB) , ... December 01, 2015 , ... ... for oncology and hematology continuing medical education (CME), today announced that the first ... Grand Hyatt New York. , “The prevention, detection and treatment of gastrointestinal cancers ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... ... December 01, 2015 , ... Speech and physical therapies ... with innovative technologies and under the right circumstances, these practices can be merged. ... a dual-approach to his or her therapeutic sessions, as well as gives the ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... ... December 01, 2015 , ... ... 7th Annual 2015 Golden Bridge Business Awards under the New Products and Services ... capex web based sample management software that helps labs organize data ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... ... December 01, 2015 , ... The importance of volumetric breast ... focus of numerous abstracts accepted for presentation here, at the 101st Annual Radiology ... highlight the use of Volpara Solutions’ quantitative breast imaging software tools for providing ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... CA (PRWEB) , ... December 01, 2015 , ... ... Health Center of Excellence (BHCOE) today announced that the organization has awarded Education ... San Francisco, with a Distinguished Award. The award celebrates exceptional special needs providers ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:12/1/2015)... 1, 2015 --> ... Drugs Market by Type of Drug (Monoclonal Antibodies, Interferon-Alpha, Interleukins, ... and Pipeline Analysis - Global Forecast to 2020", published by ... USD 73,529.2 Million by 2020 from USD 40,281.6 Million in ... Browse 37 market data ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... Virginia , 1 de diciembre de ... en tecnología para cuchillas de precisión, develó ... programa de identidad de marca. El nuevo ... el diseño y la ingeniería de productos ... la diferencia". ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... , Dec. 1, 2015 During ... in San Francisco, CA , ... to the coronary marketplace. During a satellite symposium, ... Stent Design to Minimize Restenosis", a renowned physician ... available Medinol NIRxcell™ CoCr Coronary Stent System and ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: