Navigation Links
Strong link found between victimization, substance abuse
Date:2/24/2011

A strong link between victimization experiences and substance abuse has been discovered by researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago.

The correlation is especially prevalent among gays, lesbians and bisexuals -- more so than in heterosexuals, says Tonda Hughes, professor and interim head of health systems science in the UIC College of Nursing. Hughes is lead author of the study, published in the journal Addiction.

Researchers compared victimization experiences of unwanted sexual activity, neglect, physical violence, and assault with a weapon, across four sexual-identity subgroups -- heterosexual, gay or lesbian, bisexual, or "not sure." The study used data collected nationally from 34,635 adults from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions.

Hughes and her research team wondered if sexual-minority women and men are at a heightened risk for victimization. The results, Hughes said, showed that they are.

Lesbian and bisexual women were more than twice as likely as heterosexual women to report any victimization over their lifetime. Lesbians, gay men and bisexual women also reported a greater number of victimization experiences than did heterosexuals. Three times as many lesbians as heterosexual women reported childhood sexual abuse.

One possible explanation for this disproportionality, Hughes said, is that lesbians are more willing to acknowledge and report this experience.

"Gays and lesbians tend to be more self-reflective," she said. "This means they are more likely to think about and report negative or stigmatizing life experiences. Heterosexuals may not be inclined to do so."

Gay men also had high rates of victimization, with about half of them reporting any lifetime victimization. They reported significantly higher rates of childhood sexual abuse, childhood neglect, partner violence and assault with a weapon than heterosexual men.

Not only are there higher rates of violence and victimization among sexual minorities, but there is also a higher rate of substance abuse, Hughes said.

Regardless of sexual identity, women who reported two or more victimization experiences had two to four times the prevalence of alcohol dependence, drug abuse or drug dependence as women who reported no victimization, she said.

The research also concluded that gay, lesbian and bisexual youth may use substances to cope with adverse psychological and interpersonal effects of victimization, increasing the risk for further victimization from others, she said.


'/>"/>

Contact: Sam Hostettler
samhos@uic.edu
312-355-2522
University of Illinois at Chicago
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Early Puberty Onset Linked to Stronger Bones
2. Parents Have Stronger Relationship When Dad Plays With Kids
3. Having a strong community protects adolescents from risky health behaviors
4. Novel immune system-based gene therapy induces strong responses in metastatic melanoma, sarcoma
5. Study Finds Round Numbers Are Strong Motivators
6. Strong social ties benefit breast cancer patients
7. Teens Breast-fed as Infants Have Stronger Leg Muscles
8. Sleep makes your memories stronger
9. Benefits of healthy lifestyle factors stronger in combination
10. Iron-regulating protein is strong predictor of breast cancer prognosis, study shows
11. Healthiest pregnant women feel a strong sense of community
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/24/2017)... ... March 24, 2017 , ... “Finding Christ Through Social Media: ... journal chronicling the writer’s path toward true communion with God. “Finding Christ Through ... is the creation of published author Lea Michelle Johnson, a follower of Christ, ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... March 24, 2017 , ... ... collection of inspiring stories about real people of God in congregations across the ... John Miller, a Presbyterian minister ordained in 1964 who has served congregations in ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... ... 2017 , ... A recent report from the National Council on Teacher Quality ... report suggests, based on a review of GPA and SAT/ACT requirements at 221 institutions ... U.S. It argues that this higher bar should be set by states, by the ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... New Braunfels, TX (PRWEB) , ... March 23, 2017 , ... ... a new clinic, located at 960 Gruene Road in Building 2. The clinic is ... co-owner Dr. Andrew Bennett, PT, says opening the company’s second New Braunfels location brings ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... ... 23, 2017 , ... The MBI “Hall of Fame” recognizes the contributions of those whose careers ... impact on the careers of all others involved. , On Monday, March 21st, ... MBI’s Hall of Fame. The induction took place during the World of Modular – ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:3/24/2017)... , Mar. 24, 2017 Research and Markets has ... Analysis, 2016" report to their offering. ... The IPF pipeline is very strong with a total ... & Co., Inc., Biogen and Sanofi are involved in the development of ... which one is in Phase III stage, 15 are in Phase II ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... YORK , March 24, 2017 ... and Equipment stocks, which are: Neovasc Inc. (NASDAQ: NVCN), Hologic ... Heart Inc. (NASDAQ: SSH ). These companies are ... its prior gains on Thursday, March 23 rd , 2017, ... afternoon, while shares of health care companies in the S&P ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... surveys with 9,250 insured consumers fielded from February 2015 ... help from their plans in five key areas: 1) ... help closing gaps in care, 3) better digital connections, ... real-time guidance. Meeting these needs is essential to promoting ... A Reason to Stay Engaged in Health ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: