Navigation Links
Stress and isolation take toll on those under 50 with HIV; older people fare better
Date:11/21/2013

Case Western Reserve University researchers were surprised to learn that people younger than 50 years old with HIV feel more isolated and stressed than older people with the disease. They expected their study to reveal just the opposite.

"The younger, newly diagnosed individual may not know anyone in their peer group with a chronic illness, much less HIV," said Allison Webel, PhD, RN, assistant professor at Case Western Reserve's Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing.

Webel's research group studied 102 men and women recruited between 2011-12 from HIV-related clinics, service organizations and a registry of individuals with the illness. They focused on associations between stress, age and social isolation.

Participants ranged from 18 to 64 years old. The groups were divided into younger than 50 and over 50.

"While 50 years of age is not generally used to identify "elderly" patients, this age cut-off is frequently used by the CDC in HIV/AIDS statistics." (Nguyen & Holodiny, 2008, HIV infection in the elderly Clinical Intervention and Aging)

The average participant in this study was African-American, 48 years old, who had managed HIV for nearly 14 years and low income. This is generally reflective of the Midwest population with HIV/AIDS that also includes more women, primarily African American, and heterosexual, Webel said.

Researchers found those under 50 felt more disconnected from family and friends than older people. Stigma was a major contributor, Webel said, because younger people don't as easily identify with having to battle a chronic illness. They may also feel blamed by others for their illness and avoid people because they are sick.

She also said the over-50 group, which was less stressed, had developed social networks over the years that they could rely on for support, such as getting rides to doctor's appointments.

The study countered previous research that suggested older people with HIV have increasingly limited and fragile relationships with their friends.

Webel also found that many older individuals who had lived with HIV for a longer time were willing to help the younger group manage the illness.

With new anti-retroviral therapies, HIV is no longer the death sentence it was in the 1980s. Today, medications allow those with the HIV infection to live a normal lifespan, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

But HIV may accelerate aging, Webel said. HIV-infected people tend to develop cancers associated with old age 20 years earlier, as well as some forms of cognitive problems.

Generally, those with HIV also experience higher stress levels, according to Webel. The study's participants reported feeling 30 percent to 40 percent more stress than non HIV-infected populations. Women with HIV were especially susceptible to stress, and older people reported less stress than their younger counterparts.

Webel attributed the women's stress to such factors as the added pressures of single-motherhood, poverty and low-wage employment.

The researchers concluded that the younger group needs interventions with multiple approaches from health care, social services to counseling for coping with the illness-related stress and social isolation.

The journal AIDS Care reports the findings in October in the article, "Age, stress, and isolation in older adults living with HIV."


'/>"/>

Contact: Susan Griffith
susan.griffith@case.edu
216-368-1004
Case Western Reserve University
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Stress reduction through meditation may aid in slowing the progression of Alzheimers disease
2. Discover Natural Remedies for Anxiety and Stress With the “Conquer Stress Forever” Program – Vkoolelite
3. Eye Strain and Winter Dry Eye Can Increase Stress Reports Water and Eye Researcher
4. Family First Aid Kit for Holiday Stress
5. CWRU psychologist leads $1.4 million project to study spiritual struggles and stress links
6. Less Stress for Mom Means a Healthier and Happier Baby
7. Journal of Traumatic Stress Study Analyzes Psychological Effects of Marathon Bombing on Boston-Area Veterans with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
8. Transmitting stress response patterns across generations
9. Senior Home2Home Assists Caretakers to Avoid Undue Stress
10. First ever study of moral distress among nurses in burn unit
11. New Book "Praying Our Way through Stress" Illustrates How to Overcome Stress with Love
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:7/27/2017)... ... July 27, 2017 , ... SSCI, a ... for 600 patent challenges worldwide, representing a milestone achievement. , As ... product development, SSCI scientists have served as expert and fact witnesses to assist ...
(Date:7/27/2017)... ... July 27, 2017 , ... The Freedom from ... startup companies around 117 breakthrough inventions from 55 institutions, including the National Institutes ... Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering), the United States Army, and more than ...
(Date:7/26/2017)... ... July 26, 2017 , ... Capillus, LLC has announced ... hair loss. The new Flexible Fitting Design offers a more comfortable, adaptable fit and ... delighted with the improvements to the home-use laser therapy caps intended to improve both ...
(Date:7/26/2017)... ... July 26, 2017 , ... It may be hard to ... accessible to people in the third world. Diseases that many developed countries consider rare ... who don't have access to vaccines. , On an upcoming segment of "Success Files", ...
(Date:7/26/2017)... ... July 26, 2017 , ... Team Type 1 Foundation, a nonprofit ... everyone affected by diabetes, is excited to announce the 106 college athletes with type ... , Established in 2005, the Team Type 1 Foundation has bestowed a total of ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:7/21/2017)... and RESEARCH TRIANGLE PARK, N.C. , ... UTHR ) announced today that it will ... market opens on Thursday, July 27, 2017. ... teleconference on Thursday, July 27, 2017, at 9:00 a.m. ... with international callers dialing 1-970-315-0533.  A rebroadcast of the ...
(Date:7/21/2017)... WASHINGTON , July 21, 2017 Did you know ... (R&D) in 2016? Or that combined spending on brand medicines, generics ... health spending, with brands accounting for just half of this (7 ... for two thirds of the world,s venture capital investments in high-growth ... ...
(Date:7/19/2017)... , July 19, 2017  Mako Medical Laboratories ... and the Military Family Assistance Fund (MFA) to bring ... to visit with their families one last time ... to coordinate the travel and logistics needed for these ... deployed soldiers and their families. We just wish we ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: