TORONTO, Oct. 26, 2012Researchers at St. Michael's Hospital have confirmed what many cyclists in Toronto have long believed that streetcar tracks are involved in nearly one-third of bicycle accidents.
A study published in the current issue of the American Journal of Public Health, found the greatest risk to cyclists occurs when they share major streets with parked cars and no bike lanes like Dundas or King Streets where there is a heightened risk of injury from moving cars and car doors opening.
However, 96 of the 690 crashes studied in downtown Toronto and Vancouver directly involved streetcar or train tracks. Eighty-seven of those accidents were in Toronto, accounting for 31.5 per cent of all bike accidents in the city that led to an injury that required a visit to an emergency department.
"Safety should be a primary consideration in decisions about how we design transportation systems in Toronto and this study has direct implications for a transportation strategy," said Dr. Michael Cusimano, a neurosurgeon at St. Michael's Hospital, who helped design, perform and report on the research.
The lead author of the study was Kay Teschke, a professor in the University of British Columbia's School of Population and Public Health. "Thus far, safety has not been mentioned in the debate about the GTA's future transportation plans. Safety needs to be of at least equal or greater importance to other issues when we are making difficult decisions about transportation strategies."
The research project found that of the accidents involving tracks, 19 cyclists (19.8 per cent) said their tires slipped on the tracks and 77 (80.2 per cent) said their tires got caught in the tracks.
Routes designed for cyclists including bike lanes on major streets without parked cars, residential street bike routes, and off-street bike paths carry about half the risk of being injured on a randomly selected point on their journey, the study found.
|Contact: Leslie Shepherd|
St. Michael's Hospital