Navigation Links
Stimulating the brain's immune response may provide treatment for Alzheimer's disease
Date:1/26/2011

A new target for the prevention of adverse immune responses identified as factors in the development of Alzheimer's disease (AD) has been discovered by researchers at the University of South Florida's Department of Psychiatry and the Center of Excellence for Aging and Brain Repair.

Their findings are published online in the Journal of Neuroscience (http://www.jneurosci.org/).

The CD45 molecule is a receptor on the surface of the brain's microglia cells, cells that support the brain's neurons and also participate in brain immune responses.

Previous studies by the USF researchers showed that triggering CD45 was beneficial because it blocked a very early step in the development of Alzheimer's disease. In the present study, the researchers demonstrated in Alzheimer's mouse models that a loss of CD45 led to dramatically increased microglial inflammation.

Although the brain's immune response is involved in Alzheimer's disease pathology, "this finding suggests that CD45 on brain immune cells appears critically involved in dampening harmful inflammation," said study senior author Jun Tan, MD, PhD, a professor of psychiatry and Robert A. Silver chair at the Rashid Laboratory for Developmental Neurobiology, USF Silver Child Development Center and research biologist for Research and Development Service at the James A. Haley Veteran's Hospital.

The investigators also found an increase in harmful neurotoxins, such as A beta peptides, as well as neuron loss in the brains of the test mice.

"In short, CD45 deficiency leads to increased accumulation of neurotoxic A beta in the brains of old Alzheimer's mice, demonstrating the involvement of CD45 in clearing those toxins and protecting neurons," Dr. Tan said. "These findings are quite significant, because many in the field have long considered CD45 to be an indicator of harmful inflammation. So, researchers assumed that CD45 was part of the problem, not a potential protective factor."

The next step is to apply these findings to develop new Alzheimer's disease treatments, said Paula Bickford, PhD, a professor in the USF Department of Neurosurgery and senior career research scientist at the James A. Haley Veteran's Hospital.

"We are already working with Natura Therapeutics, Inc. to screen for natural compounds that will target CD45 activation in the brain's immune cells," Dr. Bickford said.


'/>"/>

Contact: Randolph Fillmore
rfillmor@health.usf.edu
813-850-7614
University of South Florida (USF Health)
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Study finds why some women are sub-fertile with a poor response to ovarian stimulating hormones
2. Pitt team finds teen brains over-process rewards, suggesting root of risky behavior, mental ills
3. Experts Brains Work Differently Than Amateurs
4. Smoking Scenes in Movies Light Up Smokers Brains
5. New Moms Brains May Grow After Childbirth
6. Colorful brains, cooling lasers, disease-detecting lights and more
7. CU-Boulder study sheds light on how our brains get tripped up when were anxious
8. Menstrual Cramps May Alter Womens Brains
9. Brainstem, spinal cord images hidden in Michelangelos Sistine Chapel fresco
10. In Conversation, Peoples Brains Can Mirror Each Other
11. Our brains are more like birds than we thought
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:7/21/2017)... ... July 21, 2017 , ... ... students improve their chances of acceptance to a residency in a United States ... earned degrees outside the U.S. , According to data released by the ECFMG®, ...
(Date:7/21/2017)... ... July 21, 2017 , ... West Dermatology is pleased ... Vu, PA-C. Beginning July 17, 2017, Ms. Vu will join West Dermatology’s large network ... experience in dermatology, skin cancer , and more. She graduated from the University ...
(Date:7/21/2017)... ... July 21, 2017 , ... How physicians and ... the rise, say researchers presenting their work at the American Orthopaedic Society ... combination of evaluating the patterns of change in concussion symptom presentation, diagnostic tools ...
(Date:7/20/2017)... ... July 20, 2017 , ... Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is ... rapidly without treatment. Newly diagnosed patients face intense chemotherapy regimens and a stem ... With such a challenging diagnosis that requires immediate action, patients and caregivers ...
(Date:7/20/2017)... ... ... For individuals with extended hospital stays or who are residents of nursing ... specially designed to accommodate patients with a wide range of ailments or special needs, ... has invented the patent-pending PORTABLE ARM REST, a specially designed armrest that features many ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:7/12/2017)... and Company (NYSE: LLY ) has entered into ... litigation in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District ... (tadalafil) unit dose patent. This patent was previously set ... agreement, Cialis exclusivity is now expected to end at the ... patent for Cialis is valid and infringed by companies seeking ...
(Date:7/11/2017)... 11, 2017  The global market for liquid biopsy ... $394.1 million in 2016.  Although in early stages, the ... in particular as a result of the gradual shift ... recent introduction of a significant number of new liquid ... of tumor biomarkers to guide treatment decisions. ...
(Date:7/11/2017)... July 11, 2017 Oramed Pharmaceuticals Inc. (NASDAQ: ... pharmaceutical company focused on the development of oral drug ... Drug Administration (FDA) has agreed to schedule an End-of-Phase ... IIb trial of its oral insulin capsule ORMD-0801 in ... trial met primary and secondary endpoints by indicating a ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: