Navigation Links
Stem cells linked to cognitive gain after brain injury in preclinical study
Date:11/4/2013

HOUSTON (Nov. 4, 2013) A stem cell therapy previously shown to reduce inflammation in the critical time window after traumatic brain injury also promotes lasting cognitive improvement, according to preclinical research led by Charles Cox, M.D., at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth) Medical School.

The research was published in today's issue of STEM CELLS Translational Medicine.

Cellular damage in the brain after traumatic injury can cause severe, ongoing neurological impairment and inflammation. Few pharmaceutical options exist to treat the problem. About half of patients with severe head injuries need surgery to remove or repair ruptured blood vessels or bruised brain tissue.

A stem cell treatment known as multipotent adult progenitor cell (MAPC) therapy has been found to reduce inflammation in mice immediately after traumatic brain injury, but no one had been able to gauge its usefulness over time.

The research team led by Cox, the Children's Fund, Inc. Distinguished Professor of Pediatric Surgery at the UTHealth Medical School, injected two groups of brain-injured mice with MAPCs two hours after the mice were injured and again 24 hours later. One group received a dose of 2 million cells per kilogram and the other a dose five times stronger.

After four months, the mice receiving the stronger dose not only continued to have less inflammationthey also made significant gains in cognitive function. A laboratory examination of the rodents' brains confirmed that those receiving the higher dose of MAPCs had better brain function than those receiving the lower dose.

"Based on our data, we saw improved spatial learning, improved motor deficits and fewer active antibodies in the mice that were given the stronger concentration of MAPCs," Cox said.

The study indicates that intravenous injection of MAPCs may in the future become a viable treatment for people with traumatic brain injury, he said.

Cox, who directs the Pediatric Surgical Translational Laboratories and Pediatric Program in Regenerative Medicine at UTHealth, is a leader in the field of autologous and blood cord stem cells for traumatic brain injury in children and adults. Results from a Phase I study were published in a March 2011 issue of Neurosurgery, the journal of the Congress of Neurological Surgeons. Cox also directs the Pediatric Trauma Program at Children's Memorial Hermann Hospital.


'/>"/>

Contact: Deborah Lake
deborah.m.lake@uth.tmc.edu
713-500-3304
University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston
Source:Eurekalert  

Related medicine news :

1. UC develops unique nano carrier to target drug delivery to cancer cells
2. Cell nucleus protein in brown fat cells governs daily control of body temperature
3. SmartCells Fall Protection Products Featured at LeadingAge -- Idea House, Interface, Best Bath
4. Study of sister stem cells uncovers new cancer clue
5. Johns Hopkins researchers erase human brain tumor cells in mice
6. Targeting memory T-cells in Type 1 diabetes
7. Diet Doc Weight Loss Plans Announces New Enteric-Coated 700 mg Pure Fish Oil Capsules, Shown to Strengthen Brain Cells
8. Direct Methanol Fuel Cells (DMFC) Unit Shipments to Grow at CAGR of 45.3% from 2011 to 2016 - New Report by MarketsandMarkets
9. Mount Sinai Researchers Show Stem Cells Are Wired for Cooperation, Down to the DNA
10. Study Indicates Benefits of Stem Cells in Treating MS Declines With Donor’s Age
11. Inflammatory protein converts glioblastoma cells into most aggressive version
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Stem cells linked to cognitive gain after brain injury in preclinical study
(Date:5/27/2016)... ... May 27, 2016 , ... Aimed at nurses and ... stories, which come courtesy of leaders in the nursing and health care industry. It ... advocates and associations—namely Abilene Christian University. , As the nursing industry is coming ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... ... May 26, 2016 , ... Despite last week’s media reports hinting ... and company to wait until March 2017 for an interest rate increase, according to ... College of Business. , “The Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) dot charts are of ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... ... May 26, 2016 , ... ... thousands of defective respirators, according to court documents and SEC filings. A ... and Becky Tyler v. American Optical Corporation, Case No. BC588866, Los Angeles County, ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... ... ... Connor Sports, through its Connor Cares initiative, will continue to expand ... Tour that will commemorate the Indiana Fever legend’s hall-of-fame career and final WNBA ... levels of the game, Connor Sports has committed to a significantly increased focus on ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... May 26, 2016 , ... ... one that has a significant negative impact on long-term patient survival, reports a ... The results, published online this week in the Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/25/2016)... FDA 510(k) clearance covers ... for urological and surgical applications Mauna ... Cellvizio®, the multidisciplinary confocal laser endomicroscopy (CLE) platform, ... US with the 12 th 510(k) clearance ... This new FDA clearance covers Confocal Miniprobes indicated ...
(Date:5/25/2016)... May 25, 2016  Zymo Research Corp. announced ... new reference materials that help researchers obtain the ... to analyses. The rapid growth of the study ... to have standard methods to improve the reproducibility ... inherently exist at every step of the measurement ...
(Date:5/25/2016)... , May 25, 2016  Granger Diagnostics today ... test for wounds and infections. This test ensures ... and select viruses. The test requires only a ... David G. Bostwick , MD, ... to facilitate wound healing: "We are excited to ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: