Navigation Links
Stem cell study could pave the way to treatment for age-related muscle wasting
Date:5/17/2011

A team led by developmental biologist Professor Christophe Marcelle has nailed the mechanism that causes stem cells in the embryo to differentiate into specialised cells that form the skeletal muscles of animals' bodies. The scientists published their results in the British journal Nature on Monday (May 16).

Scientists world wide are racing to pin down the complex molecular processes that cause stem cells in the early embryo to differentiate into specialist cells such as muscle or nerve cells. The field has the potential to revolutionise medicine by delivering therapies to regenerate tissue damaged by disease or injury.

Differentiation happens soon after fertilisation, when embryonic cells are dividing rapidly and migrating as the animal's body takes shape.

Professor Marcelle's team analysed the differentiation of muscle stem cells in chicken embryos. The mechanisms in birds are identical to those in mammals, so the chick is a good model species for understanding the mechanisms in humans, says team member and the paper's lead author, Anne Rios.

The scientists investigated the effect of a known signalling pathway called NOTCH on muscle differentiation. They found that differentiation of stem cells to muscle was initiated when NOTCH signalling proteins touched some of the cells. These proteins were carried by passing cells migrating from a different tissuethe neural crestthe progenitor tissue of sensory nerve cells. Muscle formation in the target stem cells occurred only when the NOTCH pathway was triggered briefly by the migrating neural crest cells.

"This kiss-and-run activation of a pathway is a completely novel mechanism of stem cell specification which explains why only some stem cells adopt a muscle cell fate," Ms Rios said.

Professor Marcelle said that more than 2 per cent of the population was affected by muscle dysfunction. "Muscle frailty in ageing and disease imposes a huge economic burden, so it is critical to explore novel avenues of research that could lead to new treatments," he said.

He said the team would now focus on unravelling the mechanisms of embryonic muscle cell differentiation at the molecular level as a necessary step to regulating regeneration of the muscles in human patients.


'/>"/>

Contact: Samantha Blair
samantha.blair@monash.edu
61-399-034-841
Monash University
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Despite Treatment, Employees with Depression Generate Higher Absentee Costs, According to Thomson Reuters Study
2. American Council on Exercise (ACE) Study Reveals Kettlebells Provide Powerful Workout in Short Amount of Time
3. TV drama can be more persuasive than news program, study finds
4. Study carried out into biological risks of eating reptiles
5. Neuroimaging study may pave way for effective Alzheimers treatments
6. Study finds racial gaps continue in heart disease awareness
7. Luth Researchs IndicatorEDG(TM) Study Finds Americans Hopes of Achieving Their Dreams Are Fading
8. First blinded study of venous insufficiency prevalence in MS shows promising results
9. Soothing infants with food focus of childhood obesity study
10. People with anxiety disorder less able to regulate response to negative emotions, study shows
11. American Heart Association Rapid Access Journal Report: Study Finds Racial Gaps Continue in Heart Disease Awareness, Low Knowledge of Heart Attack Warning Signs Among Women
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/23/2017)... Chapel Hill, NC (PRWEB) , ... February 23, 2017 , ... ... the Platinum Sponsor for ACPA’s 74th Annual Meeting. KLS is a longtime supporter ... in 2017 as an exhibitor and Platinum Sponsor," said Dr. Bob Havlik, 2017 ACPA ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... ... ... Hamlin Dental Group and Dr. Hamid Reza, dentist in North Hollywood ... of February, patients who visit Hamlin Dental Group will receive a ticket for a ... the Cheesecake Factory. , Tickets are available for routine dental visits and other ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... ... February 23, 2017 , ... EBSCO ... the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) framework. The ... National Health Service (NHS) to search, order and purchase medical and healthcare-related content ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... Nevada (PRWEB) , ... February 23, 2017 , ... Dr. ... Avenue in Henderson, NV 89052. Dr. Mahon was named a 2017 Top Patient Rated ... Doctors is an online directory that recognizes local physicians and dentists who have ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... ... February 23, 2017 , ... ... in clinical trials, today announced that Premier Research, a leading clinical development service ... Clinical trials are becoming increasingly complex, due in part to an array of ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/24/2017)... HILL, N.C. , Feb. 24, 2017 /PRNewswire/ ... are exploring ways to increase their self-service capabilities ... Health Care Providers (HCPs). New research ... many pharma organizations have developed self-service website portals ... electronically.  This is just one of many findings ...
(Date:2/24/2017)... ITL Limited, ( ASX : ITD ), une société de ... excellents résultats semestriels clos le 31 décembre 2016 par ... « Résultats et mise à jour sur la croissance biomédicale ... Faits marquants Bénéfice ... hausse de 104 %) Bénéfice par action ...
(Date:2/24/2017)... , Feb 24, 2017 ... Committee,s proposal for a new Board of Directors that ... The 2016-2017 Nomination Committee comprises representatives of the company,s ... quarter of 2016 who have accepted a seat on ... The composition of the 2016-2017 Nomination Committee was as ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: