Navigation Links
Stem-Cell Transplants Restored Pituitary Function in Mice
Date:11/10/2011

By Mary Brophy Marcus
HealthDay Reporter

THURSDAY, Nov. 10 (HealthDay News) -- A new study by Japanese researchers gives hope that one day people with pituitary gland failure may be able to receive transplants of stem-cell generated tissue to help restore normal function of the gland.

Without the pea-size pituitary gland, which sits at the base of the brain, the body wouldn't survive. It controls the production and function of many hormones, including ones linked to growth, fertility, stress and temperature regulation.

In the new study, published online Nov. 9 in Nature, scientists from the RIKEN Center for Developmental Biology, in Kobe, Japan, cultured embryonic stem cells from mice that then differentiated into various types of hormone-producing endocrine cells in the lab. Next, they transplanted some of the hormone-producing cell tissues (normally made by a healthy pituitary gland in animals) into mice without pituitary glands and were able to restore hormone secretion in the animals.

"We successfully induced their differentiation into mature hormone-producing cells," said study author Dr. Yoshiki Sasai, director of the Neurogenesis and Organogenesis Group at RIKEN, of the embryonic cells they used.

"In particular, adrenocorticotropin (ACTH)-producing cells were most efficiently induced. Therefore, we tested their functionality by transplanting them into mice whose pituitary glands were surgically removed. The transplantation not only recovered the hormone secretion in the mice, but also improved their activity and survival," said Sasai.

While none of the mice without pituitary glands lived longer than eight weeks, most of the grafted mice did survive past eight weeks, he said.

"It is the first study to show a realistic way of making pituitary cells in culture that could ultimately lead to transplant treatment for humans. It is pioneering and landmark research," said pituitary surgeon Dr. Edward Vates, neurosurgeon co-director of the Multidisciplinary Neuroendocrine Program at the University of Rochester Medical Center, in New York.

"It was a very elegant, very sophisticated study," said Dr. Shlomo Melmed, dean of the Medical Faculty and director of the Research Institute at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, in Los Angeles.

"A lot of scientists are trying to do this. This is a very hot topic in endocrinology. They've taken a leap forward -- this has leapfrogged groups working on pituitary development," said Melmed, a long-standing endocrine researcher.

Melmed agreed that the research suggests that now, theoretically, pituitary patients can one day be treated with stem cells.

"This is very important clinically, but there are likely years of animal research to be translated into humans. If it's done successfully, it could be a wonderful breakthrough, especially for children with genetic pituitary dysfunction (dwarfism)," Melmed said. Adults who suffer from pituitary failure due to head trauma, tumors, and head and neck radiation, could be helped, too.

Sasai said the researchers do plan to apply the new findings to human embryonic stem cells and induced pluripotent stem cells, often referred to as iPS cells. "We hope to develop an efficient method for human pituitary production over the next few years," he said.

There are many questions to be answered before human studies are embarked upon, though, said Vates, including how many and where to transplant the hormone-making cells.

Sasai said in this study, the amount of tissue to transplant was examined only empirically, in other words, by trial-and-error.

This type of stem cell research might even eventually help sort out answers to other endocrine mysteries, said Vates. "Everyone thinks of stem cells and transplantation and helping people with pituitary loss, but the other thing this type of science can help us start to figure out is why do some people get pituitary tumors, how can we come up with better treatments for controlling pituitary tumors, and how does the pituitary gland become affected by other diseases."

More information

Cedars-Sinai Medical Center has more on pituitary gland failure.

SOURCES: Yoshiki Sasai, M.D., Ph.D., director, Neurogenesis and Organogenesis Group, RIKEN Center for Developmental Biology, Kobe, Japan; Shlomo Melmed, M.D., FRCP, dean of medical faculty and director of the Research Institute at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, Calif.; Edward Vates, M.D., Ph.D., neurosurgeon co-director, Multidisciplinary Neuroendocrine Program, University of Rochester Medical Center, New York; Nov. 9, 2011 Nature, online


'/>"/>
Copyright©2010 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. Does our DNA determine how well we respond to stem-cell transplantation?
2. Adult living donor liver transplants safe, study finds
3. Fecal Transplants Show Promise for Gastrointestinal Ills
4. Living donor liver transplantation improves survival over deceased donor transplants
5. Brain cell transplants win Fernström Prize
6. Ultrasound improves stem cell transplants
7. Elimination of national kidney allocation policy improves minority access to transplants
8. Half-matched transplants widen pool of donors for leukemia and lymphoma
9. Liver-cell transplants show promise in reversing genetic disease affecting liver and lungs
10. Enhanced cord blood stem cell transplants safe in long-term studies
11. Long-term study shows that kidney transplants are faring better than previously reported
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Stem-Cell Transplants Restored Pituitary Function in Mice
(Date:2/23/2017)... ... ... Los Angeles-based weight loss surgeon Michael Feiz, M.D., F.AC.S. will be appearing ... which will begin airing on February 24, 2017. The show chronicles the weight loss ... television series, “Here Comes Honey Boo Boo.” The earlier series from TLC lasted for ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... Fair Lawn, NJ (PRWEB) , ... February 23, ... ... specializing in thought leadership , media relations, content marketing, social media ... Vermont. With several clients already in the state and in nearby New Hampshire, ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... , ... February 23, 2017 , ... ... will host a diverse symposium on “Doping in Sport: How the ... Sheppard Mullin Richter & Hampton LLP. The symposium will be held at Pepperdine ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Pink Pig Publishing LLC announces the launch ... the world from different perspectives. By providing a place for people of all ... empathy, and find greater happiness. , "Our approach to structuring content is ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... ... 23, 2017 , ... Current Meditation , a new ... throughout the U.S. starting this spring. Current Meditation focuses on “meditation for the ... Current Meditation will be the first meditation concept in the U.S. offering franchising ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/23/2017)... LG Innotek today announced that the company has developed the world,s ... is 1.5 times higher than the competitor,s 45mW module. ... of 200 -- 280nm, allowing it to be used for sterilization purpose. ... Innotek,s product emits UV in the range of 280nm. ... Until now, UV-C LED has ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... 23, 2017 Tillotts Pharma is ... Berlin office was opened in January ... The portfolio includes Entocort ® for the treatment ... of ulcerative colitis, and VistaPrep ® for bowel ... specialty pharmaceutical company focused on the treatment of gastrointestinal ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... 2017 The U.S. cannabis market is ... recreational use in 2016. According to a new report published ... an estimated $7.2 billion in 2016 and is projected to ... adult recreational sales are projected to jump from $2.6 billion ... CAGR. The market may grow faster as the estimate was ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: