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States vary widely on success rates for minorities in drug treatment programs
Date:6/19/2013

e study showed that race or ethnicity remained a significant predictor of successful completion.

Over all states, 46.25 percent of whites, 45.6 percent of Latinos, and 37.5 percent of African-Americans successfully completed substance abuse treatment programs. In addition, there were significant disparities among the states in regard to ethnic/racial differences.

Most states, including Iowa, show racial and ethnic disparities, where minority populations do worse than whites. However, a few states showed higher completion rates for blacks and Latinos.

For African-Americans, Tennessee had the worst disparity African-American clients were 35 percentage points less likely to complete a treatment program than were whites. African-American clients also fared poorly in Idaho and Minnesota. However, there were three states where they had slightly higher rates of success than whites Hawaii, Utah, and Mississippi.

Disparities between completion rates for whites compared to Latinos were generally less severe. Vermont had the largest negative disparity of almost 22 percent followed by North Dakota at 17 percent. However, in 17 states, Latino clients were more successful than white clients. Interestingly, Southwestern states, which have large Latino populations, did not have larger disparities than other states. On the other hand, states with low densities of minority populations, like West Virginia, also had small disparities. Four states -- Kansas, Oregon, Texas, and Florida -- had disparities that were significantly positive for Latinos.

"We were actually surprised by the scale of the differences -- that states had such varying degrees of success," adds Arndt, who also is director of the Iowa Consortium for Substance Abuse Research and Evaluation. "Although some states were doing well, most states were not and some were doing quite poorly."

Arndt says he and his colleagues were also surprised to find a pattern of differ
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Contact: Jennifer Brown
jennifer-l-brown@uiowa.edu
319-356-7124
University of Iowa Health Care
Source:Eurekalert

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