Navigation Links
States could see substantial savings with tobacco control programs
Date:11/28/2011

States that have shifted funds away from tobacco control programs may be missing out on significant savings, according to a new study co-authored by San Francisco State University economist Sudip Chattopadhyay.

If these programs were funded at the levels recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), states could save an astonishing 14-20 times more than the cost of implementing the programs. The costs of smoking are felt by the states, mostly through medical costs, Medicaid payments and lost productivity by workers.

The evidence is clear that state tobacco control programs have a "sustained and steadily increasing long-run impact" on the demand for cigarettes, Chattopadhyay and his colleague David R. Pieper at University of California, Berkeley write in a paper published online today in the journal Contemporary Economic Policy. Chattopadhyay is the chair of the Economics Department and professor of economics.

The study uses data from 1991 to 2007, during which time the states paid for the programs with the help of the tobacco tax, public and private initiatives and funds from the Tobacco Master Settlement Agreement between the nation's four largest tobacco companies and 46 states.

Unfortunately, says Chattopadhyay, funding for the programs has been declining steadily since about 2002. In 2010, states on average were spending 17 percent of the total investment recommended by the CDC for the programs. And in tough economic times, many states have turned to cigarette taxes to raise revenue.

Chattopadhyay said the shift in spending priorities was part of his motivation for examining the benefits and costs behind the programs. "Almost all states are facing financial crisis, and they are really diverting their funds, possibly moving funds from productive use."

Unless the benefits of fully funding the programs are shown to outweigh the costs, the researchers suggest, states may continue to divert revenue away from the programs.

After accounting for multiple factors, the researchers determined that tobacco control programs do reduce the demand for cigarettes. It's a trend that grows over time, in part because it takes smokers time to quit and because the programs become more efficient at delivering their services.

Unlike earlier studies, Chattopadhyay and Pieper even examined the effects of different state tobacco taxes, and how the differences might affect cigarette demand. Smokers in a state with a high tobacco tax could be more easily tempted to buy cigarettes if they share a border with a low-tax state, for instance. Tobacco taxes can range from less than 20 cents per pack in some states to nearly $5 in others.

In 2007, the CDC revised its recommendations on how much states should spend on tobacco control programs to make them successful. If individual states would follow the new CDC guidelines, they could realize future savings of 14-20 times what the programs cost, the study concluded. Chattopadhyay said he would like to deliver the results of the study to the states, "to convince them that they can use that money for more productive purposes" and to encourage them not to let their past investments in tobacco control programs go to waste.

"They would save money in terms of reduced Medicaid, and reduced medical and productivity costs," he said. "Those kinds of costs are only going to go up."


'/>"/>
Contact: Elaine Bible
ebible@sfsu.edu
415-405-3606
San Francisco State University
Source:Eurekalert  

Related medicine news :

1. Preterm birth rate shows three year improvement in most states
2. Henry Ford Hospital first in United States to offer MKTP surgery as treatment option for vitiligo
3. States Get Creative in Raising Money for Breast Cancer Programs
4. New study benchmarks current critical care practices in the United States
5. Obesity Costing States Billion in Yearly Medical Expenses
6. UN Member States jeopardize international progress on non-communicable disease epidemic
7. Feds Outline Rules for States Insurance Exchanges
8. Southern States Lag Behind North in Drop in Colon Cancer Death Rates
9. Mid-Atlantic states unique plan to replace regions dirtiest trucks
10. States should be allowed to implement key health reform law provisions early, experts say
11. Primary stroke centers more likely to be in states with certification programs
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
States could see substantial savings with tobacco control programs
(Date:5/24/2017)... ... ... Dr. Manju R. Kejriwal, a leading Ohio dentist, is now welcoming new ... Dr. Kejriwal understands the emotional and financial toll traditional orthodontics can take on patients’ ... longer need to feel the esthetic effects of wires and brackets when they can ...
(Date:5/24/2017)... ... May 24, 2017 , ... ... female reproductive tract in which the endometrial lining of the uterus spreads ... and pain. Patients experiencing painful intercourse, painful periods, pelvic pain, or irregular ...
(Date:5/24/2017)... , ... May 24, 2017 , ... Rob Lowe is ... “Informed,” developed for Public Television. “Informed” brings the public important topics from all aspects ... treatment of the feet and issues surrounding feet and ankles. , Podiatry is essential ...
(Date:5/23/2017)... ... May 23, 2017 , ... MDLand International (MDLand), a leading ... that its iClinic V12.2 solution has achieved approval from National Center for Quality ... 2017 standards which emphasize team-based care with a significant focus on the care ...
(Date:5/23/2017)... ... , ... New England Journal Of Medicine Confirms Viability of Rory’s Regulations and ... Staunton Foundation Calls on Health & Human Services, Tom Price to Adopt Rory’s Regulations ... today reported on a new study released on May 21, 2017 in the New ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/22/2017)... MAITLAND, Fla. , May 22, 2017 /PRNewswire/ ... industry as a whole continue to make the ... evidence becomes increasingly important for ensuring positive patient ... Key industry stakeholders are shifting focus away from ... results and effects of long-term specialty drug therapy ...
(Date:5/15/2017)... May 15, 2017  Amy Baxter MD, chief executive ... in noninvasive pain relief, was awarded a 2017 Top ... Baxter was recognized at the MM&M Top 40 Healthcare ... City on May 10, 2017. The dinner ... industry go "beyond the pill."  "Innovation goes ...
(Date:5/11/2017)... , May 11, 2017  Thornhill Research Inc. ... been awarded an $8,049,024 USD five-year, firm-fixed-priced, indefinite-quantity/indefinite-delivery ... the Canadian Commercial Corporation (CCC) ( Ottawa, ... Systems to administer general anesthesia to patients requiring ... "The US Marine Corps have been a ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: