Navigation Links
St. Jude Program Reduces Weight Gain in Young African-American Girls
Date:11/7/2007

GEMS is the first program to succeed in reducing prevalance of obesity among children for as long as two years through regular intervention and education

MEMPHIS, Tenn., Nov. 7 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- A community-based weight control program designed by investigators now at St. Jude Children's Research Hospital is the first such intervention to succeed for up to two years in reducing the prevalence of overweight children, according to a report presented at the American Heart Association meeting in Orlando, Florida.

The study, begun at the University of Memphis (Tennessee) and called Girls health Enrichment Multisite Studies (GEMS), demonstrated a significant reduction in the prevalence of obesity among a group of 8- to 10-year old African-American girls, two years after the beginning of a program designed to reduce their body mass index (BMI). BMI is a measure of body fat based on a calculation using height and weight. Prevalence is a measure of how common a condition or disease is in a given population.

The program's success is important because obesity in children has risen from less than 5 percent in the 1960s to more than 15 percent today, according to Robert Klesges, Ph.D., a member of the St. Jude Department of Epidemiology and Cancer Control and a professor of preventive medicine at the University of Tennessee Health Science Center. "Children from low income families are at high risk for obesity because they have access to fewer health services," Klesges said. "The educational materials developed for GEMS can be easily shared with other health care professionals and represent a tool for disseminating this program nationwide."

Klesges presented the results of the GEMS study at the annual American Heart Association conference this week as part of "The Best of Scientific Sessions 2007" program, which is broadcast to cardiovascular and stroke clinicians and investigators at more than 1,100 medical centers and institutions.

The GEMS study recruited 303 parent-daughter pairs at 10 community centers in Memphis, Tenn. The researchers randomly assigned 153 pairs into the active intervention group, which focused on weight-gain prevention; and 150 to the alternative group that emphasized self-esteem and social skills. A total of 41 percent of the girls were already overweight, and 25 percent came from households with an annual income of less than $20,000.

The GEMS program emphasized weight-gain prevention and weight loss during 14 weekly and 20 monthly meetings that were about 90 minutes long. The objectives of these sessions included reducing participants' intake of high-fat foods, increasing water intake, reducing intake of sweetened beverages, increasing fruit and vegetable intake, increasing frequency of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity and avoiding unhealthy behaviors.

Although girls in both the GEMS group and the comparison group gained weight since they were still growing, the prevalence of girls who remained overweight and obese throughout the study dropped by 40 percent in the GEMS intervention group by the end of the first year, compared to a drop of 21 percent among obese girls in the comparison group. By the end of the second year, the prevalence of obesity among the girls in the GEMS group was about 30 percent less than the prevalence at the start of the study, compared to a drop of 15 percent in the alternative intervention group.

This positive effect in the GEMS group occurred as a result of changes in dietary intake, particularly in the reduction of consumption of sweetened beverages (e.g., soda). The GEMS girls did not appear to significantly increase their physical activity, which suggests that even without increased exercise, a proper diet can control weight gain in high-risk young girls, Klesges said.

"Increasing exercising might further reduce weight gain," he said. "The long-term goal is to help girls avoid obesity in the first place and therefore avoid the health problems caused by obesity. One important thing we found is that we can increase the success rate if we don't give up on these girls."

Other authors of this study include Eva Obarzanek (National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute), Lisa Klesges (St. Jude), Bettina Beech (Vanderbilt University, Tenn.), Shiriki Kumanyika (University of Pennsylvania), Barbara McClanahan (University of Memphis) and David Murray (The Ohio State University).

This work was supported by a grant from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute of the National Institutes of Health and ALSAC.

St. Jude Children's Research Hospital

St. Jude Children's Research Hospital is internationally recognized for its pioneering work in finding cures and saving children with cancer and other catastrophic diseases. Founded by late entertainer Danny Thomas and based in Memphis, Tenn., St. Jude freely shares its discoveries with scientific and medical communities around the world. No family ever pays for treatments not covered by insurance, and families without insurance are never asked to pay. St. Jude is financially supported by ALSAC, its fundraising organization. For more information, please visit http://www.stjude.org.


'/>"/>
SOURCE St. Jude Children's Research Hospital
Copyright©2007 PR Newswire.
All rights reserved

Related medicine news :

1. Webcast Alert: Kaiser Permanente Residency Program Open House
2. School-based overweight prevention program may cut risk of eating disorders among girls
3. TriWest Creates First-of-its-Kind Partnership to Offer Military Leaders With Grief Support Program
4. Keeping Kids Healthy and Fit: The New York Kids Club Launches a Revolutionary New Fitness Program
5. Patient Advocate Foundation Launches Program to Help Uninsured Virginians with Chronic, Debilitating and Life-Threatening Illness Access Quality Healthcare
6. Johnson & Johnson Campaign for Nursings Future Joins With AACN to Offer New Minority Nurse Faculty Scholars Program
7. Concentra Expands Horizon Air Employee Health Program With On-Site Clinic
8. Clarity Imaging International, Inc. Rolls Out Mobile DEXA Program
9. HealthFitness CEO Supports Move Toward Cultural Shift, and Science-Based Health Management Programming
10. Judge Rules That Florida Disease Management Program Serving 8,000 HIV/AIDS Patients Should Be Re-bid, Says AIDS Healthcare Foundation
11. USA TODAY Continues Spirit of the USA Charity Program as Part of Newspapers 25th Anniversary Celebration
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:6/26/2016)... ... 2016 , ... Brent Kasmer, a legally blind and certified personal trainer is helping to develop ... The fitness app plans to fix the two major problems leading the fitness industry today:, ... all type program , They don’t eliminate all the reasons people quit their ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... 2016 , ... The temporary closing of Bruton Memorial Library on June 21 due to a ... new, often overlooked aspect of head lice: the parasite’s ability to live away from a ... occurrence, but a necessary one in the event that lice have simply gotten out of ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... , ... June 25, 2016 , ... ... and non-athletes recover from injury. Recently, he has implemented orthobiologic procedures as a ... area —Johnson is one of the first doctors to perform the treatment. Orthobiologics ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... Those who have experienced traumatic events may suffer ... unhealthy avenues, such as drug or alcohol abuse, as a coping mechanism. To avoid ... healthy coping following a traumatic event. , Trauma sufferers tend to feel a range ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... MIAMI, Fla. (PRWEB) , ... June 24, 2016 , ... ... Florida Trend magazine’s 2016 Legal Elite. The attorneys chosen by their peers for this ... of Florida. , Seven Greenberg Traurig Shareholders received special honors as members of this ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/26/2016)...  VMS Rehab Systems, Inc. ( www.vmsrehabsystemsinc.com ) reported ... required to build a strong and stable market for ... on the OTC Markets-pink current trading platform. ... are seeing an anomaly in market trading activities that ... the Company, but shareholders and market players as well. ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... N.C. , June 24, 2016  Consumers ... decisions and regulators/payers have placed more emphasis on ... environment, patient support programs in the pharmaceutical industry ... patients, medications. Consequently, pharmaceutical companies are focusing on ... they are providing products and services that improve ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... SOUTH SAN FRANCISCO, Calif. , June 24, ... GBT ), a biopharmaceutical company developing novel ... with significant unmet needs, today announced the closing ... 6,400,000 shares of common stock, at the public ... the shares in the offering were offered by ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: