Navigation Links
Spirituality may help adolescents cope with chronic illness
Date:1/8/2009

CINCINNATIChronic illness can lead to poorer quality of lifeparticularly for adolescents. New research shows that spirituality may help teens cope with their conditions.

Two recent studies, led by Michael Yi, MD, associate professor of medicine, and Sian Cotton, PhD, research assistant professor in the department of family medicine, investigated how adolescents with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)a condition characterized by chronic inflammation in the intestinesmay use spirituality to cope with their illness.

These results were published in online versions of the Journal of Pediatrics and the Journal of Adolescent Health.

Spirituality is defined as one's sense of meaning or purpose in life or one's sense of connectedness to the sacred or divine.

IBD is a term that refers mainly to ulcerative colitiswhich causes ulcers in the colonand Crohn's diseaseoccurring when the immune system attacks the gastrointestinal tract.

Patients with IBD experience recurrent abdominal pain, bloody stools and diarrhea, among other serious problems, and have an increased risk for colon cancer. Adolescents with IBD are also at risk for numerous psychosocial difficulties, including increased mental health problems and social stigma.

The exact cause of IBD is not known, and there is no cure.

Teams led by Yi and Cotton collected data on socio-demographics, functional health status and psychosocial characteristics as well as spiritual well-being for 67 patients with IBD and 88 healthy adolescents between the ages of 11 and 19.

"Personal characteristics like self esteem, family functioning and social characteristics, like level of peer support, were similar between adolescents with IBD when compared to healthy peers, indicating that adolescents with IBD appear resilient," Yi says. "However, health-related quality of life was significantly poorer in general. On average, when compared to their healthy peers, patients with IBD were willing to trade more years of their life expectancy or risk a greater chance of death in order to achieve a better state of health."

He adds that researchers also found that one of the most important predictors of poorer overall quality of life was having a poorer sense of spiritual well-being.

Cotton's analysis of the same 155 adolescents focused on the relationships between levels of spiritual well-being and mental health outcomes in the adolescents with IBD as compared to their healthy peers.

Levels of spiritual well-being were similar between adolescents with IBD and healthy peers. In addition, higher levels of spiritual well-being were associated with fewer depressive symptoms and better emotional well-being.

"However, even though both healthy adolescents and those with IBD had relatively high levels of spiritual well-being, the positive association between spiritual well-being and mental health outcomes was stronger in the adolescents with IBD as compared to their healthy peers," Cotton says, noting that this indicates spiritual well-being may play a different role for teens with a chronic illness in terms of impacting their health or helping them cope.

Yi and Cotton decided to study IBD because it affects males and females at similar rates, has a relapsing and reduction course and peaks onset during late adolescence.

"While adolescents with IBD have specific issues that are unique to that group, we feel that these studies help to create a systematic approach to better understanding spirituality and religious coping in pediatric populations," Cotton says. "We felt it was best to examine these issues first in a homogenous population and then determine whether these findings can be generalized in adolescents with other chronic conditions or how they might be different across different illness groups."

Researchers are conducting ongoing studies of religious/spiritual coping in adolescents with IBD, asthma and sickle cell disease, with plans for future investigations in additional chronically ill pediatric and adult populations.

Additionally, they are collaborating with outside investigators on a study exploring physicians' views on addressing patients' spiritual or religious needs in clinical settings.

"There are few studies looking at religious or spiritual coping in chronic illness, especially in this age group," Yi says. "We hope to further our studies to include other chronic illnesses and determine whether addressing patients' spirituality in clinical settings would have a valuable impact on mental and physical health outcomes in patients with chronic illness."


'/>"/>

Contact: Katie Pence
katie.pence@uc.edu
513-558-4561
University of Cincinnati
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Spirituality Helps Older Black Women Beat Hypertension
2. Global Health Project targets reducing AIDS among Indias adolescents
3. Dysfunctional families and bad neighborhoods may worsen asthma in children and adolescents
4. Aggression in adolescents is influenced by siblings
5. New tool to assess excessive daytime sleepiness in adolescents published in JCSM
6. Eating disorders in adolescents
7. Latin American adolescents are more likely to become infected with HIV than Spanish
8. Studies review smoking among college freshmen and tobacco use by adolescents with ADHD
9. Cancer study finds adolescents dont get same access to latest treatments as younger patients
10. Bone mineral content continues to increase in obese adolescents during weight loss
11. Protect Your Adolescents Against More Than Just A Cold This Winter
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/8/2016)... ... February 08, 2016 , ... ... 50% lower incidence rate of type 2 diabetes in the GrassrootsHealth cohort with ... time to make a change in public health,” states Carole Baggerly, Director of ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... Las Vegas, NV (PRWEB) , ... February 08, 2016 , ... ... transformation on February 9th, 10th and 11th, 2016 in honor of his birthday on ... relationships and true happiness. Mahendra Trivedi is known by over 250,000 people from ...
(Date:2/7/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... February 07, 2016 , ... Women's Excellence ... National Wear Red Day. National Wear Red Day is the first Friday each ... Heart disease and stroke cause 1 in 3 deaths among women each year – ...
(Date:2/6/2016)... ... February 06, 2016 , ... US Sports Camps is proud ... . This event brings together top non-profit leaders, ultimate organizations, and coaches from around ... Valerio Iani, Bay Area Disc Program Director of Youth and Education, describes this year ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... ... 2016 , ... Steven Tonkinson, 36, of Coconut Grove, Florida, ran the Miami ... in 2003. This year, he ran all 26.2 miles with a green 25-pound ShelterBox ... Miami Heat. , This Sunday, while many are watching the Superbowl, Steven Tonkinson will ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/8/2016)... HOUSTON , 8. Februar 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... veröffentlichte heute eine Infografik mit dem Titel ... ganzen Welt), mit der der Krankheit gegenüber ... die dazu ermutigen soll, Medikamentenresistenz bei Epilepsie ... der allgemeinen Diskussion zu machen. Mithilfe der ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... Feb. 5, 2016  ivWatch, a medical devices company, is ... Award granted by Governor Terry McAuliffe,s office. ivWatch ... February 25th at an event to be held at the ... award honors professionals and business that have made significant contributions ... Logo - http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20160205/330117LOGO ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... -- Aethlon Medical, Inc. (Nasdaq: AEMD ), today announced ... presenting at Source Capital Group,s 2016 Disruptive Growth & Healthcare ... 2:15 p.m. ET on Wednesday, February 10, 2016.  Mr. Joyce ... at 3:15 p.m. ET. http://www.aethlonmedical.com .  The webcast ... conclusion of the live event. The panel discussion will not ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: