Navigation Links
Speech, Swallowing Usually OK After Head & Neck Cancer Therapy
Date:12/20/2010

MONDAY, Dec. 20 (HealthDay News) -- Most head and neck cancer patients can speak and swallow after undergoing combined chemotherapy and radiation treatment, but several factors may be associated with poor outcomes, researchers have found.

The new study included patients who were assessed nearly three years after they were successfully treated with chemoradiotherapy for advanced head and neck cancer.

The U.S. researchers gave a speaking score of 1 through 4 to 163 patients an average of 34.8 months after they completed treatment, and gave a swallowing score of 1 through 4 to 166 patients an average of 34.5 months after treatment. A higher score indicated reduced ability to speak or swallow.

Most of the patients (84.7 percent of those assigned speaking scores and 63.3 percent of those given swallowing scores) had no lasting problems and received a score of 1. Of the 160 patients who were given both speaking and swallowing scores, 96 had a score of 1 in each category, the investigators found.

Factors associated with poorer speaking ability were: being female; a history of smoking; a tumor in the hypopharynx (where the larynx and esophagus meet) or the larynx; or having a tumor that did not respond to the initial dose of chemotherapy.

Factors associated with poorer swallowing ability were: being older; have poor swallowing ability before treatment; neck dissection (surgery to remove lymph nodes and surrounding tissue); and having a tumor in the hypopharynx or larynx.

Dr. Kent Mouw, who was at the University of Chicago at the time of the study and is now at Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston, and colleagues published their findings in the December issue of the journal Archives of Otolaryngology -- Head & Neck Surgery.

"One of the remarkable features of the data is that most of the patients experienced minimal residual speech or swallowing deficits. Although differences . . . may exist between these patients and healthy subjects, it is encouraging to note that, when day-to-day activities are used as a metric, most patients experience a return to normal or near-normal function," Mouw and colleagues wrote in a journal news release. "Because advances in therapy have led to improved survival in these patients, understanding and controlling adverse effects of treatment should continue to be an active area of investigation," the authors concluded.

More information

The U.S. National Cancer Institute has more about head and neck cancer.

-- Robert Preidt

SOURCE: JAMA/Archives journals, news release, Dec. 20, 2010


'/>"/>
Copyright©2010 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. New robotic head and neck cancer surgery preserves speech, without scarring
2. Oralflo Pill Swallowing Cup Wins Medical Design Excellence Award, Helps Autism Spectrum Kids and Dysphagia Sufferers Take Medications With No Problem
3. Swallowing safely is no choke
4. Intentional swallowing of foreign bodies and its impact on the cost of health care
5. UC Davis surgeons test innovative device in patient with swallowing disorder
6. Tinnitus Not Usually an Inherited Condition
7. Color, Odor Changes in Urine Usually -- But Not Always -- Harmless, Reports Harvard Women's Health Watch
8. One Month after Major Quake, Ongoing Crises for Haitian Children
9. Ex-President Clinton Said To Be Fine After Heart Procedure
10. Bill Clinton Back Home After Heart Procedure
11. After a Stroke, High Risk for a Recurrence
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Speech, Swallowing Usually OK After Head & Neck Cancer Therapy
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... , ... The Visiting Nurse Association (VNA) of Somerset Hills is proud to ... unique items from across the nation, this holiday-themed event will raise funds and awareness ... VNA. The boutique will be open Saturday, November 4 (10:00 a.m. – 5:00 ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... NJ (PRWEB) , ... October 13, 2017 , ... Global ... at scenic Alexandria Park in Milford, NJ. This free event, sponsored by Global ... physical activity. The fun run is geared towards children of all ages; it ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... , ... Talented host, actor Rob Lowe, is introducing a ... episode of "Success Files," which is an award-winning educational program broadcasted on PBS ... in-depth with passion and integrity. , Sciatica occurs when the sciatic nerve in ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... ... “The Journey: From the Mountains to the Mission Field”: the story of a ... “The Journey: From the Mountains to the Mission Field” is the creation of published ... all ages and currently teaches a class of ladies at her church, which she ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... , ... October 12, 2017 , ... ... services for healthcare compliance program management, will showcase a range of technology and ... for Assisted Living (NCAL) Convention and Expo to be held October 14–18, 2017 ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:10/2/2017)... 2, 2017  AllianceRx Walgreens Prime, the combined central ... and pharmacy benefit manager Prime Therapeutics LLC (Prime), today ... included the unveiling of new signage at its headquarters ... as at a few other company-owned facilities across the ... patients, some of whom will begin to see the ...
(Date:9/28/2017)... Hill-Rom Holdings, Inc. (NYSE: HRC), will host ... webcast on Friday, November 3, 2017, beginning at 7:00 ... approximately 8:30 a.m. (CDT) / 9:30 a.m. (EDT). ... performance and guidance for 2018, Hill-Rom executives will also ... performance, and long-range financial outlook through 2020. ...
(Date:9/27/2017)... NEW YORK , Sept. 27, 2017  DarioHealth Corp. (NASDAQ: DRIO), ... solutions, today announced that its MyDario product is expected to appear on ... for when The Dr. Oz Show airs in your area: http://www.doctoroz.com/page/where-watch-dr-oz-show ... The nine-time Emmy award-winning, The Dr. ... ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: