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Specific mutations in the IL2RA gene associated with juvenile idiopathic arthritis
Date:6/13/2008

ican JIA cases (n=747) and controls (n=1161).

This association with rs2104286 was replicated in a second study cohort of JIA cases from the USA (odds ratio 0.84 95% confidence interval 0.65-1.0, trend p=0.05). There was no significant evidence for heterogeneity between the UK and North American datasets, and meta-analysis of the two cohorts yielded highly significant evidence for association (odds ratio 0.76 95% confidence interval 0.62-0.88, p-value 4.9 x 10-6).

Dr Wendy Thomson of the University of Manchester, UK who led the study, said: "The IL2RA gene has previously been shown to be associated with type 1 diabetes, Graves' disease, rheumatoid arthritis and multiple sclerosis, and so may be linked with a predisposition to autoimmunity in general. Our results have shown that the genetic variants of the IL2RA gene are strongly associated with JIA in two independent cohorts. Further investigation of this gene will aid our understanding of the pathogenesis of these diseases, and hopefully lead to future treatment approaches."

As many as one in 1,000 children has arthritis, most commonly in the form of JIA. The condition causes pain, stiffness and joint swelling, which can impact fine motor skills (e.g. writing), concentration, mood and sleep.


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Contact: Rory Berrie
eularpressoffice@uk.cohnwolfe.com
44-077-892-70392
European League Against Rheumatism
Source:Eurekalert

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