Navigation Links
Speaking 2 languages benefits the aging brain
Date:6/1/2014

New research reveals that bilingualism has a positive effect on cognition later in life. Findings published in Annals of Neurology, a journal of the American Neurological Association and Child Neurology Society, show that individuals who speak two or more languages, even those who acquired the second language in adulthood, may slow down cognitive decline from aging.

Bilingualism is thought to improve cognition and delay dementia in older adults. While prior research has investigated the impact of learning more than one language, ruling out "reverse causality" has proven difficult. The crucial question is whether people improve their cognitive functions through learning new languages or whether those with better baseline cognitive functions are more likely to become bilingual.

"Our study is the first to examine whether learning a second language impacts cognitive performance later in life while controlling for childhood intelligence," says lead author Dr. Thomas Bak from the Centre for Cognitive Aging and Cognitive Epidemiology at the University of Edinburgh.

For the current study, researchers relied on data from the Lothian Birth Cohort 1936, comprised of 835 native speakers of English who were born and living in the area of Edinburgh, Scotland. The participants were given an intelligence test in 1947 at age 11 years and retested in their early 70s, between 2008 and 2010. Two hundred and sixty two participants reported to be able to communicate in at least one language other than English. Of those, 195 learned the second language before age 18, 65 thereafter.

Findings indicate that those who spoke two or more languages had significantly better cognitive abilities compared to what would be expected from their baseline. The strongest effects were seen in general intelligence and reading. The effects were present in those who acquired their second language early as well as late.

The Lothian Birth Cohort 1936 forms the Disconnected Mind project at the University of Edinburgh, funded by Age UK. The work was undertaken by The University of Edinburgh Centre for Cognitive Ageing and Cognitive Epidemiology, part of the cross council Lifelong Health and Wellbeing Initiative (MR/K026992/1) and has been made possible thanks to funding from the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) and Medical Research Council (MRC).

"The Lothian Birth Cohort offers a unique opportunity to study the interaction between bilingualism and cognitive aging, taking into account the cognitive abilities predating the acquisition of a second language" concludes Dr. Bak. "These findings are of considerable practical relevance. Millions of people around the world acquire their second language later in life. Our study shows that bilingualism, even when acquired in adulthood, may benefit the aging brain."

After reviewing the study, Dr. Alvaro Pascual-Leone, an Associate Editor for Annals of Neurology and Professor of Medicine at Harvard Medical School in Boston, Mass. said, "The epidemiological study by Dr. Bak and colleagues provides an important first step in understanding the impact of learning a second language and the aging brain. This research paves the way for future causal studies of bilingualism and cognitive decline prevention."


'/>"/>

Contact: Dawn Peters
sciencenewsroom@wiley.com
781-388-8408
Wiley
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Speaking skills crucial for hearing impaired children in the classroom
2. Lifetime of Speaking a 2nd Language May Boost Aging Brain
3. Paramount Lists Will Be Speaking At The National Postal Forum In San Francisco
4. Brain Injury Attorney Michael V. Kaplen will be a Panelist at the Brain Injury Symposium this July Speaking about Brain Injury and Concussions
5. Dr. Gary McClain of JustGotDiagnosed.com Speaking at Inhibitor Family Camp
6. Three Ways To Combat the Fear of Speaking Up in Healthcare from LifeWings
7. New Mexico Orthopedic Specialist Dr. James Lubowitz was Selected to Lecture at the Arthroscopy Association of German Speaking Countries (AGA) on ACL Injuries in Skiers
8. My Positive Perspective Broadcasts Episode Speaking About Another Radio Show on Kinetic Hifi
9. Two Languages Better Than One for Kids Brains: Study
10. Lavender Languages Conference celebrates 20 years at American University
11. Bilingual Babies Can Tell Languages Apart
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/5/2016)... FL (PRWEB) , ... February 05, 2016 , ... ... the largest domestic franchisees of Popeyes Louisiana Kitchen restaurants, launched the 14th annual ... awareness for kids and adults with muscular dystrophy, ALS and related diseases that ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... ... February 05, 2016 , ... Freed-Hardeman University President ... have signed a joint enrollment and degree completion agreement. The agreement, which ... baccalaureate degrees at FHU|Dickson. , The agreement allows students to be jointly ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... ... February 05, 2016 , ... US Sports Camps , official operators of ... direct high-performance kids yoga training. ChildLight Yoga Studio is centrally situated in the picturesque ... , ChildLight Yoga Studio founder Lisa Flynn expresses her excitement, “We are thrilled to ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... ... February 05, 2016 , ... Regular gym users know the routine: each ... longer to access the treadmills. It’s a predictable trend. After the excesses of November ... get in shape by joining gyms, starting new walking or running routines, or signing ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... WA (PRWEB) , ... February 05, 2016 , ... ... firm, ranked #3 in the 2015 Best in KLAS: Software & Services for ... The annual Best in KLAS report independently ranks vendor performance by healthcare executives, ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/8/2016)...  LivaNova, PLC, Hersteller des VNS-Therapie ® ... Titel „Epilepsy Around the World" (Epilepsie auf ... gegenüber ein größeres Bewusstsein gefördert werden soll ... Epilepsie auf dem Internationalen Epilepsietag zu einem ... der neuen Infografik sollen wichtige Statistiken zur ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... Calif. , Feb. 5, 2016  Syneron ... global aesthetic device company, announced today that ... Candela North America, is scheduled to participate in ... Healthcare Conference on February 11, 2016 in ... will allow institutional investors to meet with the ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... 5, 2016  Aralez Pharmaceuticals Inc. ("Aralez") today announced ... ("POZEN") and Tribute Pharmaceuticals Canada Inc. ("Tribute") following approval of ... Tribute. The combined company will operate under Aralez Pharmaceuticals ... in Canada , Ireland ... . Under the terms of the Agreement and Plan ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: