Navigation Links
Speaking 2 languages benefits the aging brain
Date:6/1/2014

New research reveals that bilingualism has a positive effect on cognition later in life. Findings published in Annals of Neurology, a journal of the American Neurological Association and Child Neurology Society, show that individuals who speak two or more languages, even those who acquired the second language in adulthood, may slow down cognitive decline from aging.

Bilingualism is thought to improve cognition and delay dementia in older adults. While prior research has investigated the impact of learning more than one language, ruling out "reverse causality" has proven difficult. The crucial question is whether people improve their cognitive functions through learning new languages or whether those with better baseline cognitive functions are more likely to become bilingual.

"Our study is the first to examine whether learning a second language impacts cognitive performance later in life while controlling for childhood intelligence," says lead author Dr. Thomas Bak from the Centre for Cognitive Aging and Cognitive Epidemiology at the University of Edinburgh.

For the current study, researchers relied on data from the Lothian Birth Cohort 1936, comprised of 835 native speakers of English who were born and living in the area of Edinburgh, Scotland. The participants were given an intelligence test in 1947 at age 11 years and retested in their early 70s, between 2008 and 2010. Two hundred and sixty two participants reported to be able to communicate in at least one language other than English. Of those, 195 learned the second language before age 18, 65 thereafter.

Findings indicate that those who spoke two or more languages had significantly better cognitive abilities compared to what would be expected from their baseline. The strongest effects were seen in general intelligence and reading. The effects were present in those who acquired their second language early as well as late.

The Lothian Birth Cohort 1936 forms the Disconnected Mind project at the University of Edinburgh, funded by Age UK. The work was undertaken by The University of Edinburgh Centre for Cognitive Ageing and Cognitive Epidemiology, part of the cross council Lifelong Health and Wellbeing Initiative (MR/K026992/1) and has been made possible thanks to funding from the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) and Medical Research Council (MRC).

"The Lothian Birth Cohort offers a unique opportunity to study the interaction between bilingualism and cognitive aging, taking into account the cognitive abilities predating the acquisition of a second language" concludes Dr. Bak. "These findings are of considerable practical relevance. Millions of people around the world acquire their second language later in life. Our study shows that bilingualism, even when acquired in adulthood, may benefit the aging brain."

After reviewing the study, Dr. Alvaro Pascual-Leone, an Associate Editor for Annals of Neurology and Professor of Medicine at Harvard Medical School in Boston, Mass. said, "The epidemiological study by Dr. Bak and colleagues provides an important first step in understanding the impact of learning a second language and the aging brain. This research paves the way for future causal studies of bilingualism and cognitive decline prevention."


'/>"/>

Contact: Dawn Peters
sciencenewsroom@wiley.com
781-388-8408
Wiley
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Speaking skills crucial for hearing impaired children in the classroom
2. Lifetime of Speaking a 2nd Language May Boost Aging Brain
3. Paramount Lists Will Be Speaking At The National Postal Forum In San Francisco
4. Brain Injury Attorney Michael V. Kaplen will be a Panelist at the Brain Injury Symposium this July Speaking about Brain Injury and Concussions
5. Dr. Gary McClain of JustGotDiagnosed.com Speaking at Inhibitor Family Camp
6. Three Ways To Combat the Fear of Speaking Up in Healthcare from LifeWings
7. New Mexico Orthopedic Specialist Dr. James Lubowitz was Selected to Lecture at the Arthroscopy Association of German Speaking Countries (AGA) on ACL Injuries in Skiers
8. My Positive Perspective Broadcasts Episode Speaking About Another Radio Show on Kinetic Hifi
9. Two Languages Better Than One for Kids Brains: Study
10. Lavender Languages Conference celebrates 20 years at American University
11. Bilingual Babies Can Tell Languages Apart
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/29/2017)... ... 2017 , ... A New York high tech innovator and a Canadian not-for-profit ... of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in helping nudge men forward to be more proactive about ... of the Canadian Men’s Health Foundation (CMHF), whose mission is to inspire men to ...
(Date:5/28/2017)... ... ... HYPERAMS, LLC announced it will perform the inventory liquidation of ... The sale began this week and the inventory is expected to sell quickly. ... medical accessories, including blood pressure cuffs, stethoscopes, CPR masks, as well as blank polos, ...
(Date:5/28/2017)... ... 28, 2017 , ... Viewers likely know Rob Lowe from such 80s hits ... for his work on NBC’s The West Wing and Parks and Recreation. But recently, ... “Informed,” which puts the spotlight on important modern-day issues that face today’s society. One ...
(Date:5/27/2017)... ... ... In any business, follow up is critical to success. It is the same ... there will always be some patients who can’t or won’t make a immediate decision. ... it comes to presenting treatment. After the patient leaves, most practices end up ...
(Date:5/26/2017)... NY (PRWEB) , ... May 26, 2017 , ... Mediaplanet ... & Wound Care" campaign in USA Today, which will educate readers on how to ... of the campaign, a large focus is placed on melanoma. Dancing with the Stars ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/10/2017)... Md. , May 10, 2017 CSSi, ... solutions for the clinical research industry, is proud to ... www.CSSiEnroll.com . The new website features both enriched content ... user experience and enhances the company,s already well-established position ... industry. "After many months of hard ...
(Date:5/9/2017)... , May 9, 2017  Semler Scientific, ... provides technology solutions to improve the clinical effectiveness ... results for the first quarter ended March 31, ... products enable our customers to identify when preventive ... intervene before events like heart attacks or strokes ...
(Date:5/6/2017)... , May 5, 2017  May is Stroke ... one of the most important methods to prevent a ... the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, undetected and ... 1 Omron, the global leader in personal heart ... the elimination of heart attack and stroke and is ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: