Navigation Links
Spanking May Make a Child More Aggressive
Date:4/12/2010

Corporal punishment at 3 linked to behavior changes at age 5, study suggests

MONDAY, April 12 (HealthDay News) --Spanking children when they're 3 seems to lead to more aggressive behavior when they're 5, even if you take into account the child's initial level of aggression.

In other words, the old "I'll-give-you-something-to-cry-about" approach appears to backfire, new research suggests.

"We all know that children need guidance and discipline, but parents should focus on positive, non-physical forms of discipline, such as time-outs, and avoid spanking," said study author Catherine Taylor, an assistant professor of community health sciences at Tulane University's School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine in New Orleans.

Corporal punishment, of which spanking is a relatively minor form, can have larger implications as well, according to experts.

"The article emphasizes how critical effective positive parenting is in breaking the cycle of violence and the potential to reduce overall levels of violence in our society," said Dr. Kathryn J. Kotrla, chairwoman of psychiatry and behavioral science at the College of Medicine, Texas A&M Health Science Center Round Rock campus.

Previous studies have also turned up a link between corporal punishment and aggression in children, but none has controlled for as many factors as the new one, published in the May issue of the journal Pediatrics.

Many organizations, including the American Academy of Pediatrics, counsel strongly against corporal punishment. An estimated 35 percent to 90 percent of parents still discipline their children this way.

For the new study, almost 2,500 mothers responded to questions about how often they had spanked their 3-year-old child during the past month. They were also asked about the child's aggression level at age 3, as well as various parental risk factors such as maternal depression, alcohol use and violence among other members of the family.

About half of the mothers said they had not spanked their child in the previous month, while 27.9 percent reported spanking one or two times, and a similar proportion -- 26.5 percent -- said they had used this type of corporal punishment more than twice during that time period.

Three-year-old children who were spanked two or more times in the previous month had a 50 percent increased chance of being aggressive when they turned 5, according to the study.

The study could not prove a cause-and-effect relationship, but it is the strongest research of its kind to date, the researchers said.

"We know that kids learn by what parents do, so if a child is hit for whatever reason, you're really teaching the child that hitting or acting out or being aggressive is OK," said Taylor.

"Another theory," she added, "is that the more frequently children are hit for whatever reason, the more stress they're feeling, which can impact brain development, emotional development and can impact behavior."

Psychologist Robin Gurwitch, program coordinator of the National Center for School Crisis and Bereavement, agreed. "This study emphasizes in an even stronger way than some previous studies that corporal punishment at a young age is associated with more aggression later," she said. "How do we help parents think through what might be some more effective strategies than corporal punishment, and there are several strategies. Parents need to develop a menu of possibilities."

Kotrla added, "This study further suggests that state and federal policy makers should address the issue of corporal punishment and its avoidance to reduce the cost of societal violence through effective parenting."

More information

For more on child development, visit the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.



SOURCES: Catherine Taylor, Ph.D., assistant professor of community health sciences, School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, Tulane University, New Orleans; Kathryn J. Kotrla, M.D., associate dean and chairwoman of psychiatry and behavioral science, College of Medicine, Texas A&M Health Science Center Round Rock campus; Robin Gurwitch, Ph.D., professor of developmental and behavioral pediatrics, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, and program coordinator, National Center for School Crisis and Bereavement; May 2010, Pediatrics


'/>"/>
Copyright©2010 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved

Related medicine news :

1. Childrens Hospital Surgeon Receives Prestigious Paul Tessier Medal
2. Kaiser Permanente Gives $5 Million to Childrens Healthcare of Atlanta
3. Sebastian Ferrero Foundation and Shands HealthCare Have Selected Sg2 to Conduct a Needs Assessment for a Gainesville-Based Childrens Hospital
4. Review Spotlights Clues to Serious Childhood Infection
5. NHLBI funds preclinical tests on devices for infants and children with congenital heart defects
6. Children's Health Insurance Program Helping Families Get Through Tough Times
7. UM School of Medicine scientists find new malaria vaccine is safe and protective in children
8. Save the Children Supplies 30,000 Haitian Children and Families with Rice at Sites in Marissant and Tabarre, Will Continue for Two Weeks
9. Eighth Annual Give Kids A Smile Day Provides Free Dental Care to Children
10. Human Rights Denied: Obama Leaves 75 Million Children Behind
11. 32 Clear Channel Radio Stations Nationwide Unite to Fight Childhood Cancer February 11-12
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:9/1/2020)... (PRWEB) , ... September 01, 2020 , ... ... it has completed $3 million convertible note financing, which will be used to ... With the funds from this financing, the company will continue to expand its ...
(Date:8/31/2020)... ... August 31, 2020 , ... Cardiothoracic surgeons at ... engineers from Carnegie Mellon University (CMU) to develop a new heart monitoring device ... open heart surgery. , The AGH/CMU team was recently awarded a “Trailblazer” grant ...
(Date:8/31/2020)... ... ... Want to get moving, break up your routine, and make a difference right ... its fourth annual STEPtember campaign in the United States to raise funds and awareness ... at this moment — encouraging people to move in the ways that work for ...
(Date:8/31/2020)... ... August 31, 2020 , ... The pandemic and topsy-turvy economic outlook continues to put financial strain ... for ways to trim the fat from our monthly expenses and put more into savings, ... important that you have a financial safety net in place in case something were to ...
(Date:8/31/2020)... ... August 31, 2020 , ... Bonde Innovations, LLC, a venture-backed ... heart failure, today announced that the company has been awarded a Phase 1 ... National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:9/1/2020)... DETROIT (PRWEB) , ... September 01, 2020 , ... September ... among women, accounting for more deaths than any other cancer of the female reproductive ... be diagnosed with ovarian cancer and about 14,000 women will die from this disease. ...
(Date:8/28/2020)... (PRWEB) , ... August 28, 2020 , ... ... operator of primary care medical centers in Florida and San Antonio is happy ... its South Texas medical centers. , In this capacity he will serve as ...
(Date:8/27/2020)... ... August 27, 2020 , ... The flu season is right round the corner and ... equipped with all the necessary measures before it begins to harbor its effects on us. ... it is leaving a huge impact on our lives. Hence it has become even more ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: