Navigation Links
Some radiation therapy treatments can decrease fertility
Date:4/1/2009

In female cancer patients of reproductive age, radiation treatment directly to the ovaries should be avoided because there is a direct relationship between certain types of radiation therapy and fertility problems, according to a review in the April 1 issue of the International Journal of Radiation Oncology*Biology*Physics, the official journal of the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO).

Radiation therapy to the pelvic region can cause ovarian failure or result in damage that makes the uterus unable to accommodate the growth of a fetus. These effects are not a great concern to cancer patients past their reproductive years, but due to the growing number of pediatric and young-adult cancer survivors, these effects are increasingly relevant.

Researchers at the Harvard Radiation Oncology Program and the Department of Radiation Oncology at Brigham and Women's Hospital and Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, both in Boston, sought to review the impact of radiation therapy on fertility, pregnancy and neonatal outcomes among female patients and the effectiveness of ovarian transposition, or moving the ovaries out of the field of radiation, as a means of preserving fertility.

The study authors reviewed the outcomes of past studies that reported fertility, pregnancy and neonatal outcomes as a result of cranio-spinal, abdominal and pelvic radiation and determined that cranio-spinal irradiation caused hormonal changes that affected a woman's ability to become pregnant later in life. Women who received abdominal or pelvic radiation had an increased risk of uterine dysfunction that lead to miscarriage, preterm labor, low birth weight and placental abnormalities. The study also determined that women who received low doses of ovarian radiation can suffer early menopause.

Ovarian transposition was proven to be an effective method of reducing the rates of ovarian dysfunction, but even if the ovaries are outside of the field of radiation, scatter dose can cause significant damage.

"Female patients who are not past their reproductive years would be best served by a multidisciplinary team of caregivers, including a radiation oncologist, pediatric oncologist, medical oncologist, a reproductive endocrinologist or gynecologist, and a maternal fetal medicine specialist," Akila Viswanathan, M.D., M.P.H., senior author and a radiation oncologist at the Brigham and Women's Hospital and Dana Farber Cancer Institute, said. "Only through a multidisciplinary approach will patients receive optimal care of their cancer and the best options for fertility preservation."


'/>"/>

Contact: Beth Bukata
bethb@astro.org
703-839-7332
American Society for Radiation Oncology
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. As CT Radiation Accumulates, Cancer Risk May Rise
2. Radiation Oncology Institute (ROI) Campaign Raises $7 Million
3. Early results favorable for 5-day radiation treatment of early stage prostate cancer
4. Published Data Confirms First 3D Ultrasound for Breast Cancer Treatment Planning Helps Radiation Oncologists Better Define Treatment Region
5. Rectal Cancer Outcomes Best With Short-Course Radiation
6. Medical imaging benefits far outweigh radiation risks
7. NCRP Report No. 160 on increased average radiation exposure of the US population
8. Self-Referral of Medical Imaging Exams a Primary Factor in Six-Fold Increase to Americans Radiation Exposure From Scans Since 1980
9. Medical Radiation Exposure of the U.S. Population Greatly Increased Since the Early 1980s
10. Jordans fossil water source has high radiation levels
11. IMRIS announces development program for MR guided radiation and interventional applications
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/26/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... May 26, 2016 , ... W.S. ... products, has been honored with a 2016 When Work Works Award for its use ... part of the national When Work Works project administered by the Families and Work ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... ... , ... On Memorial Day, Hope For Heroes and USA Medical ... for the country. The nonprofit Hope For Heroes partnered with the leading provider ... for disabled military veterans, as well as police, firemen, and EMS professionals across the ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... ... May 26, 2016 , ... Catalent ... for drugs, biologics, consumer health and global clinical supply services, today announced two ... support the company’s continued investment and strategic growth plans in the Asia Pacific ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... Indianapolis, Indiana (PRWEB) , ... May 26, 2016 ... ... national provider of healthcare supply chain solutions, today announced the organization has earned ... management meets international standards and is compliant with all rules and policies associated ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... NY (PRWEB) , ... May 26, 2016 , ... ... founder of Mehling Orthopedics and chief medical officer of Blue Horizon International (BHI), ... and Regeneration. The conference was held during May 5-6, 2016 in Chicago, IL, ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/25/2016)... May 25, 2016 As illustrated ... earlier this month, the numbers and momentum of cannabis ... climb into the billions, more research and development push ... Edition State of Legal Marijuana Markets Report  from from ... firm, much of the increase in sector is attributed ...
(Date:5/25/2016)... , May 25, 2016 MedDay, ... disorders, announces that an oral presentation entitled "High doses of ... MS-SPI trial" will be given by Professor Ayman Tourbah ... 2nd Congress of the European Academy of Neurology (EAN) in ... and related disorders 3" will take place on Sunday, 29 ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... -- Niederländische Chirurgen haben eine innovative ... erlaubt, ihre Expertise weltweit zu teilen und so ... mit einer Instant-Messaging-Funktion und der Möglichkeit, in einem ... Afrika, Asien und den USA ... Information und Weiterbildung   "MDLinking ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: