Navigation Links
Some radiation therapy treatments can decrease fertility
Date:4/1/2009

In female cancer patients of reproductive age, radiation treatment directly to the ovaries should be avoided because there is a direct relationship between certain types of radiation therapy and fertility problems, according to a review in the April 1 issue of the International Journal of Radiation Oncology*Biology*Physics, the official journal of the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO).

Radiation therapy to the pelvic region can cause ovarian failure or result in damage that makes the uterus unable to accommodate the growth of a fetus. These effects are not a great concern to cancer patients past their reproductive years, but due to the growing number of pediatric and young-adult cancer survivors, these effects are increasingly relevant.

Researchers at the Harvard Radiation Oncology Program and the Department of Radiation Oncology at Brigham and Women's Hospital and Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, both in Boston, sought to review the impact of radiation therapy on fertility, pregnancy and neonatal outcomes among female patients and the effectiveness of ovarian transposition, or moving the ovaries out of the field of radiation, as a means of preserving fertility.

The study authors reviewed the outcomes of past studies that reported fertility, pregnancy and neonatal outcomes as a result of cranio-spinal, abdominal and pelvic radiation and determined that cranio-spinal irradiation caused hormonal changes that affected a woman's ability to become pregnant later in life. Women who received abdominal or pelvic radiation had an increased risk of uterine dysfunction that lead to miscarriage, preterm labor, low birth weight and placental abnormalities. The study also determined that women who received low doses of ovarian radiation can suffer early menopause.

Ovarian transposition was proven to be an effective method of reducing the rates of ovarian dysfunction, but even if the ovaries are outside of the field of radiation, scatter dose can cause significant damage.

"Female patients who are not past their reproductive years would be best served by a multidisciplinary team of caregivers, including a radiation oncologist, pediatric oncologist, medical oncologist, a reproductive endocrinologist or gynecologist, and a maternal fetal medicine specialist," Akila Viswanathan, M.D., M.P.H., senior author and a radiation oncologist at the Brigham and Women's Hospital and Dana Farber Cancer Institute, said. "Only through a multidisciplinary approach will patients receive optimal care of their cancer and the best options for fertility preservation."


'/>"/>

Contact: Beth Bukata
bethb@astro.org
703-839-7332
American Society for Radiation Oncology
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. As CT Radiation Accumulates, Cancer Risk May Rise
2. Radiation Oncology Institute (ROI) Campaign Raises $7 Million
3. Early results favorable for 5-day radiation treatment of early stage prostate cancer
4. Published Data Confirms First 3D Ultrasound for Breast Cancer Treatment Planning Helps Radiation Oncologists Better Define Treatment Region
5. Rectal Cancer Outcomes Best With Short-Course Radiation
6. Medical imaging benefits far outweigh radiation risks
7. NCRP Report No. 160 on increased average radiation exposure of the US population
8. Self-Referral of Medical Imaging Exams a Primary Factor in Six-Fold Increase to Americans Radiation Exposure From Scans Since 1980
9. Medical Radiation Exposure of the U.S. Population Greatly Increased Since the Early 1980s
10. Jordans fossil water source has high radiation levels
11. IMRIS announces development program for MR guided radiation and interventional applications
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/10/2016)... ... February 10, 2016 , ... Sherly Sulaiman, certified ... series of therapeutic sessions to help Los Angeles-area actors cope with rejection, improve ... The series, known as “Mindfulness for Actors and Artists,” has been featured in ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... , ... February 10, 2016 , ... LaserShip, a regional ... to the Food Bank of Eastern Michigan last Friday in order to aid in ... into the Midwest to include a facility located in Clio, only 15 miles away ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... ... February 10, 2016 , ... ... to expand dental health services to the developmentally disabled in the Coachella Valley. ... operations to a new facility at 71-949 Highway 111, Suite 100-B, in Rancho ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... ... 10, 2016 , ... As part of its ongoing series of aquatic therapy ... webinar features a dynamic expert and thoughtful presentation to give attendees a better sense ... Both events are free to attend, but registration is required. , Rehabilitation ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... ... 10, 2016 , ... Intermedix announced on Wednesday that it ... emergency medicine professional association, to support the organization's newly established physician group with ... Emergency Medicine, or AAEM, seeks to empower emergency physicians to control their own ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/11/2016)... a major "team investment" by Bruce Montgomery , one of this area,s most prominent biotech ... Leen Kawas , PhD. Photo - ... ... ... Kawas said the round was intended to be an $8 ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... , Feb. 11, 2016  AcelRx Pharmaceuticals, Inc. ... presentation will be made at the 38th annual ... Wound Care Symposium, which is being held February 14-18, ... conference covers the latest advancements in wound healing, burn ... American Burn Association, Australian-New Zealand Burns Association, Academy of ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... TEL AVIV, Israel , Feb. 11, 2016  Galmed ... clinical-stage biopharmaceutical company focused on the development of a ... announced today that its Chief Medical Officer, Dr. ... retiring from Galmed as Chief Medical Officer and from ... 2016 due to her reaching retirement age. ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: