Navigation Links
Social ties more important than biology when it comes to teen sleep problems
Date:12/4/2013

WASHINGTON, DC, December 2, 2013 Medical researchers point to developmental factors, specifically the decline of the sleep-inducing hormone melatonin, as an explanation for why children get less sleep as they become teenagers. But a new study suggests that social ties, including relationships with peers and parents, may be even more responsible for changing sleep patterns among adolescents.

"My study found that social ties were more important than biological development as predictors of teen sleep behaviors," said David J. Maume, a sociology professor at the University of Cincinnati, and author of the study, "Social Ties and Adolescent Sleep Disruption," which appears in the December issue of the Journal of Health and Social Behavior.

Drawing on a sample from the Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development, a longitudinal study of children's physical, cognitive, and social development, Maume analyzed the changes in school night sleep patterns of nearly 1,000 adolescents from when they were 12 to 15-years-old. He found that during this period, the average sleep duration dropped from more than nine hours per school night to less than eight.

"When adolescents have trouble sleeping, doctors often recommend prescription drugs to address the problem," Maume said. "My research indicates that it's necessary to look beyond biology when seeking to understand and treat adolescents' sleep problems. Such an approach may lead to more counseling or greater parental involvement in teens' lives, both of which are less invasive than commonly-prescribed medical solutions and, at least in the case of parental involvement, cheaper."

Maume found that parental monitoring of adolescent behavior especially in setting a bedtime strongly determined healthy sleep habits. "Research shows that parents who keep tabs on their kids are less likely to see them get into trouble or use drugs and alcohol," Maume said. "My findings suggest a similar dynamic with sleep. Parents who monitor their children's behavior are more likely to have kids that get adequate rest. Given that children generally get less sleep as they become teenagers, parents should be ever more vigilant at this stage."

Adolescents also had healthier sleep longer duration and higher quality when they felt they were a part of the schools they attended or had friends who cared about academics and were positive, social people. "Teens who have pro-social friends, tend to behave in pro-social ways, which includes taking care of one's health by getting proper sleep," Maume said.

The study also uncovered a number of other interesting findings. For example, minority adolescents reported less sleep on school nights than their white counterparts. "Past research on minority families suggests that children who have trouble sleeping are allowed to get up, whereas white youths are encouraged to stay in bed," Maume said. "If this is the case, then minority children may get less sleep at night."

In addition, Maume discovered that girls reported more sleep issues (e.g., waking up in the middle of the night and not being able to fall back to sleep; worrying about homework, friends, or family and not being able to fall asleep as a result; having trouble falling asleep in general; and having trouble waking up) than boys. "Some research has suggested that women report more sickness than men even though men typically die younger than women because women are socialized to be introspective and to recognize illness," Maume said. "This may apply to sleep problems as well."

Maume also found that as adolescents increased their time in front of the television from ages 12 to 15, they slept marginally longer but had slightly more sleep issues. On the other hand, increases in adolescent computer usage were associated with both less sleep and more sleep issues.

"My findings related to computer usage were what I expected," Maume said. "However, I did not anticipate that watching more television would correlate with getting more sleep. It's possible that television watching may be associated with longer sleep if most of the viewing is taking place on the weekends when these kids can sleep late rather than go to school in the morning. Unfortunately, my data do not allow for an examination of this speculation."


'/>"/>

Contact: Daniel Fowler
pubinfo@asanet.org
202-527-7885
American Sociological Association
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Social stigmas against breast-feeding may contribute to African-American college students hesitation
2. Generation Next Film/Television, Journalism and Social Media Competition Deadline Extended to December 13, 2013
3. Parkinsons disease patients following subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation: fully understanding of social maladjustment
4. Marketing firm launches website to assist small professional service businesses with social media marketing programs.
5. Siragusa Vein & Laser Center Reveals a Social Campaign to Promote Happiness Through Vein Treatment
6. Center of Concern Launches New Social Justice Educational Tool "2014 Signs of the Times Social Justice Calendar(TM)" and Honors Twelve Leaders Who Changed the World
7. oGoing Launches Android App for Small Business Social Media Marketing, Online Networking and Lead Generation
8. Forbes Living Presents a Talk Show Segment on Social Media for Business
9. New links between social status and brain activity
10. Infertility Meets Social Media in a Virtual Video Contest to Win a Donated IVF Cycle
11. Beverly Hills Public Relations: Special Rate for Social Media Management
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/24/2017)... ... March 24, 2017 , ... Northridge ... now offering treatments for sleep apnea and TMJ at their office. TMJ, or ... , specifically the obstructive type, is increasingly being treated at dental offices with ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... ... March 24, 2017 , ... Viewers who like to educate ... historical facts, cultural practices, goods, services, and societal issues tend to appreciate and love ... the popular practice of utilizing running events for causes around the world. ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... ... March 24, 2017 , ... Judy Buchanan, ... Master in Frederick, MD. Judy says, “I am passionate about sharing Reiki as ... a very difficult and challenging time.” , A Certified Medical Reiki™ Master trained ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... ... March 24, 2017 , ... “Vintage and Harvest A Cultivation of Christian ... Bible teacher residing in North Carolina with his wife, Anna Marie. He and his ... six grandchildren. David is also the author of “Shadow and Substance.” , “Love, the ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... , ... March 23, 2017 , ... In 2016 the ... estimates that there could be four million Zika-related cases in the Americas within the ... numbers of US cases reported per year skyrocketing to an estimated 329,000. Yet, Zika, ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:3/23/2017)... , March 23, 2017 Ascendis Pharma ... innovative TransCon technology to address significant unmet medical needs ... host a conference call and webcast on Monday, April ... Endocrine Society in Orlando, Florida , ... pipeline candidates (TransCon Growth Hormone, TransCon PTH and TransCon ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... DIEGO , March 23, 2017  A ... fast and accurate identification of individuals who carry ... risk for a rare yet potentially deadly side ... and bipolar disorder.  The gene HLA-B*15:02 ... reactions such as Stevens-Johnson syndrome and toxic epidermal ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... Prima BioMed has presented encouraging ... IMP321 in combination with Keytruda, with one of the ... a complete response. Recruitment in the second cohort is ... fully recruited by Q317. Preliminary efficacy data from the ... are expected mid-year (recruitment in the 226-patient Phase IIb ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: