Navigation Links
Smoking intensity and cancer markers predict seriousness of bladder cancer

Smoking not only causes bladder cancerit also affects its course, in that people who smoke more have greater likelihood of developing more aggressive and deadly disease. That is one of the conclusions of a new study published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society. The study also found that a panel of bladder cancer markers can predict which particular cases are at the highest risk for a fatal outcome.

Researchers have known that smoking is one of the most common causes of bladder cancer, but they've wondered whether it also affects how the disease progresses. To investigate, Richard J. Cote, MD, of the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, and Anirban Mitra, MD, PhD, of the Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California, led a team that analyzed bladder tumors and smoking history in 212 multi-ethnic patients recruited through the Los Angeles County Cancer Surveillance Program between 1987 and 1996.

The researchers found that the bladder cancers that developed in individuals who smoked intensely were more likely to be deadly than bladder cancers that developed in those who never smoked, or who smoked less. The study also revealed that changes in particular proteins are often present in bladder cancers that have become deadly. "We have identified a panel of nine molecular markers that can robustly and reproducibly predict bladder cancer prognosis independent of standard clinical criteria and smoking history," said Dr. Mitra. Patients with alterations in six to nine markers had a very poor outcome, raising the hypothesis that these individuals could have benefited from more aggressive treatments.

Because the number of changes in these proteins was directly proportional to patients' health outcomes in a progressive fashion, the findings confirm the theory that an accumulation of changes is more important than individual changes in determining the characteristics of a given cancer. The link between smoking intensity and prognosis found in this study points to the incrementally harmful effects of smoking.

"The study's findings are extremely clinically relevant as bladder cancer is one of the most expensive malignancies to treat," said Dr. Cote, who is Director of the Genitourinary Malignancies Program at University of Miami's Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center. "Personalized patient management is urgently needed for this disease as current clinical stratification cannot predict outcomes of individual patients."


Contact: Amy Molnar

Related medicine news :

1. Anti-tobacco TV ads help adults stop smoking, study finds
2. Exercise helps smokers to quit smoking, to remain smoke-free and to reduce the risk of death
3. Small neural focus groups predict anti-smoking ad success
4. Some women may be genetically predisposed to smoking-related hot flashes
5. Friends Parents Can Sway Teens Odds for Drinking, Smoking
6. Fewer Young Americans Smoking, Survey Finds
7. Vitamin C improves pulmonary function in newborns of pregnant smoking women
8. Genetic marker may predict smoking quantity in African Americans
9. 5 percent of workers gave up smoking when the anti-tobacco law took effect
10. Vitamin C improves lung function in newborns of pregnant smoking women
11. States Use Only Fraction of Tobacco Revenues to Fight Smoking, Study Finds
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... November 28, 2015 , ... There is only one major ... billings from last year? , This question has not been an easy question to ... the retirement age and the younger workforce don’t share the same discipline around working ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... November 27, 2015 , ... A team of Swiss doctors has released a ... Mesothelioma has just posted the findings on the website. Click here to read ... of 136 mesothelioma patients who were treated with chemotherapy followed by EPP surgery. Among ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... , ... November 27, 2015 , ... ProSidebar: Fashion ... Final Cut Pro X. With ProSidebar: Fasion, video editors can easily add an ... as a minimalist title opener. Utilize presets featuring self-animating drop zones, lines, bars, ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... (PRWEB) , ... November 27, 2015 , ... ... failing. Secura Consultants has prided itself for not only fulfilling the needs of ... protection solutions at an affordable price and providing top-tier customer service. However, there's ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... November 27, 2015 , ... Avid collector, Andrew Hawley from Vintage Rock ... concert posters. This is one of Joplin's most famous and beautiful concert posters. The ... of Michigan in Ann Arbor. The According to Hawley, "It is hard to believe ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/26/2015)... 2015 --> --> ... to find optimal contrast weighting of MRI for patients ... signed a research agreement with SyntheticMR in order to use ... it is possible to generate multiple contrast images from a ... has left, thus making it possible to both fine tune ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... November 26, 2015 ... the "2016 Future Horizons and Growth ... Testing Market: Supplier Shares, Country Segment Forecasts, ... their offering. --> ) ... "2016 Future Horizons and Growth Strategies in ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... Nov. 26, 2015 Research and Markets ( ... "Advanced Wound Care Market by Type (Dressings, Therapy Devices, ... (In-Patient Facility, Out-Patient Facility), and Geography - Global Forecast ... --> --> The purpose ... and forecast of the global advanced wound care market. ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: