Navigation Links
Smoking increases depressive symptoms in teens
Date:8/27/2010

This press release is available in French.

Montreal, August 27, 2010 While some teenagers may puff on cigarettes to 'self-medicate' against the blues, scientists at the University of Toronto and the University of Montreal have found that smoking may actually increase depressive symptoms in some adolescents. Published in the journal Addictive Behaviors, the findings are part of the long-term Nicotine Dependence in Teens (NDIT) study based at the University of Montreal Hospital Research Centre.

"This observational study is one of the few to examine the perceived emotional benefits of smoking among adolescents," says lead author Michael Chaiton, a research associate at the Ontario Tobacco Research Unit of the University of Toronto. "Although cigarettes may appear to have self-medicating effects or to improve mood, in the long term we found teens who started to smoke reported higher depressive symptoms."

As part of the study, some 662 high school teenagers completed up to 20 questionnaires from grades 7 to 11 about their use of cigarettes to affect mood. Secondary schools were selected to provide a mix of French and English participants, urban and rural schools, and schools located in high, moderate and low socioeconomic neighbourhoods.

Participants were divided into three groups: never smokers; smokers who did not use cigarettes to self-medicate, improve mood or physical state; smokers who used cigarettes to self-medicate. Depressive symptoms were measured using a scale that asked how often participants felt too tired to do things; had trouble going to sleep or staying asleep; felt unhappy, sad, or depressed; felt hopeless about the future; felt nervous or tense; and worried too much about things.

"Smokers who used cigarettes as mood enhancers had higher risks of elevated depressive symptoms than teens who had never smoked," says coauthor Jennifer O'Loughlin, a professor at the University of Montreal Department of Social and Preventive Medicine and scientist at the of the University of Montreal Hospital Research Centre. "Our study found that adolescent smokers who reported emotional benefits from smoking are at higher risk of developing depressive symptoms."

The association between depression and smoking exists principally among teens that use cigarettes to feel better. "It's important to emphasize that depressive symptom scores were higher among teenagers who reported emotional benefits from smoking after they began to smoke," says Dr. Chaiton.


'/>"/>

Contact: Sylvain-Jacques Desjardins
sylvain-jacques.desjardins@umontreal.ca
514-343-7593
University of Montreal
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. New Report: $1 Cigarette Tax Increase Would Raise $418.8 Million for Texas and Cut Youth Smoking
2. New Report: $1 Cigarette Tax Increase Would Raise $18.6 Million for Montana and Cut Youth Smoking
3. New Report: $1 Cigarette Tax Increase Would Raise $24.8 Million for Wyoming and Cut Youth Smoking
4. New Report: $1 Cigarette Tax Increase Would Raise $43.3 Million for Utah and Cut Youth Smoking
5. New Report: $1 Cigarette Tax Increase Would Raise $113.9 Million for Colorado and Cut Youth Smoking
6. New Report: $1 Cigarette Tax Increase Would Raise $65.3 Million for Iowa and Cut Youth Smoking
7. Quitting smoking especially difficult for select groups
8. New intervention helps Latino parents of asthmatic children quit smoking
9. Warning: Immigrating to North America may foster smoking in children
10. VIDEO from Medialink and American Lung Association: Dont Quit on Your Resolution to Quit Smoking!
11. Smoking significantly increases risk of aneurysm in people with certain genes
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:1/23/2017)... ... January 23, 2017 , ... Gynecology Associates ... and gynecological services for women of all ages. The staff of ... variety of reproductive services from routine health screenings to diagnosing and treating female ...
(Date:1/23/2017)... ... January 23, 2017 , ... “Life Under Blankets”: an entrancing story about ... “Life Under Blankets” is the creation of published author, Kimberly Mitchell, who earned her ... She went on to pursue a master’s degree in education in the field of ...
(Date:1/22/2017)... FL (PRWEB) , ... January 22, 2017 , ... Zifam ... customers across the world, recently met with big-name retail buyers at the January ECRM ... evidence of efficacy and uses the utmost safety standards in all of its creations ...
(Date:1/21/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Salveo for life, a company that distributes an effervescent lime-flavored ... States as part of its presence to expand its market reach. , Using a ... productions of nasty toxins as a result of drinking alcohol, eliminating those toxins quickly, ...
(Date:1/21/2017)... ... January 21, 2017 , ... Pacifica Graduate Institute’s Alumni Association ... of events for its annual meeting “Coming Home 2017,” an activity-packed weekend of ... 2017” will be held on Friday January 27 through Sunday, January 29, 2017 ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:1/21/2017)... -- Faruqi & Faruqi, LLP, a leading national securities law firm, ... KMPH ) of the federal securities class action ... and underwriters of the Company,s April 16, 2015 Initial Public ... The lawsuit has been filed in the ... County on behalf of all those who acquired ...
(Date:1/20/2017)... 2017  Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. announced today ... Inc., a privately held medical device company ... used in operating rooms worldwide. The acquisition ... energy devices with Megadyne,s innovative portfolio of ... in Ethicon,s goal to deliver the most ...
(Date:1/20/2017)... Jan. 20, 2017  Palladian Health, a leading ... the launch of an opioid management program which ... opioids and helps stem the growing tide of ... to treat chronic non-cancer pain (back pain, neck ... and lack of evidence regarding long-term effectiveness. ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: