Navigation Links
Smoking increases depressive symptoms in teens
Date:8/27/2010

This press release is available in French.

Montreal, August 27, 2010 While some teenagers may puff on cigarettes to 'self-medicate' against the blues, scientists at the University of Toronto and the University of Montreal have found that smoking may actually increase depressive symptoms in some adolescents. Published in the journal Addictive Behaviors, the findings are part of the long-term Nicotine Dependence in Teens (NDIT) study based at the University of Montreal Hospital Research Centre.

"This observational study is one of the few to examine the perceived emotional benefits of smoking among adolescents," says lead author Michael Chaiton, a research associate at the Ontario Tobacco Research Unit of the University of Toronto. "Although cigarettes may appear to have self-medicating effects or to improve mood, in the long term we found teens who started to smoke reported higher depressive symptoms."

As part of the study, some 662 high school teenagers completed up to 20 questionnaires from grades 7 to 11 about their use of cigarettes to affect mood. Secondary schools were selected to provide a mix of French and English participants, urban and rural schools, and schools located in high, moderate and low socioeconomic neighbourhoods.

Participants were divided into three groups: never smokers; smokers who did not use cigarettes to self-medicate, improve mood or physical state; smokers who used cigarettes to self-medicate. Depressive symptoms were measured using a scale that asked how often participants felt too tired to do things; had trouble going to sleep or staying asleep; felt unhappy, sad, or depressed; felt hopeless about the future; felt nervous or tense; and worried too much about things.

"Smokers who used cigarettes as mood enhancers had higher risks of elevated depressive symptoms than teens who had never smoked," says coauthor Jennifer O'Loughlin, a professor at the University of Montreal Department of Social and Preventive Medicine and scientist at the of the University of Montreal Hospital Research Centre. "Our study found that adolescent smokers who reported emotional benefits from smoking are at higher risk of developing depressive symptoms."

The association between depression and smoking exists principally among teens that use cigarettes to feel better. "It's important to emphasize that depressive symptom scores were higher among teenagers who reported emotional benefits from smoking after they began to smoke," says Dr. Chaiton.


'/>"/>

Contact: Sylvain-Jacques Desjardins
sylvain-jacques.desjardins@umontreal.ca
514-343-7593
University of Montreal
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. New Report: $1 Cigarette Tax Increase Would Raise $418.8 Million for Texas and Cut Youth Smoking
2. New Report: $1 Cigarette Tax Increase Would Raise $18.6 Million for Montana and Cut Youth Smoking
3. New Report: $1 Cigarette Tax Increase Would Raise $24.8 Million for Wyoming and Cut Youth Smoking
4. New Report: $1 Cigarette Tax Increase Would Raise $43.3 Million for Utah and Cut Youth Smoking
5. New Report: $1 Cigarette Tax Increase Would Raise $113.9 Million for Colorado and Cut Youth Smoking
6. New Report: $1 Cigarette Tax Increase Would Raise $65.3 Million for Iowa and Cut Youth Smoking
7. Quitting smoking especially difficult for select groups
8. New intervention helps Latino parents of asthmatic children quit smoking
9. Warning: Immigrating to North America may foster smoking in children
10. VIDEO from Medialink and American Lung Association: Dont Quit on Your Resolution to Quit Smoking!
11. Smoking significantly increases risk of aneurysm in people with certain genes
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/11/2016)... ... February 11, 2016 , ... The Commission for ... the Board of Commissioners. Individuals interested in volunteer board service are encouraged to ... clinical practice settings and across allied health to contribute to its mission and ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... ... ... Colorado spine surgeon, Donald Corenman, MD, DC has been selected by ... . The list consists of spine surgeons across the country nominated by their peers ... importance of clinical excellence; he has been awarded the Patient’s Choice Award, Compassionate Doctor ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... ... ... The annual list showcases the 20 Most Promising SharePoint Solution Providers in 2015. ... to the SharePoint ecosystem. A panel of experts and members of CIOReview’s editorial board ... promote technology entrepreneurship. , The survey was made at the end of the ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... ... February 11, 2016 , ... Husted Kicking has completed its Third ... February 6th & 7th, 2016 according to kicking coach Michael Husted. , “This event ... the NFL’s combine in Indianapolis,” says Husted. “The NFL uses a third party organization ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... ... February 10, 2016 , ... President Obama’s budget ... organizations to deliver medical services via telehealth, estimated to generate more than $160 ... such language for many years. Although there is more to be done, ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/11/2016)... , February 11, 2016 ... at Worldwide Clinical Trials, will present at this year,s Summit ... the Hyatt Regency in Miami, FL. ... partnerships to optimize study execution, supporting SCOPE,s "Improving Site Study ... take place on Thursday, Feb. 25 at 11:05 a.m. ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... Fla. , Feb. 11, 2016 ... ) company providing high-quality specialty pharmacy care for ... announced today it has achieved full Specialty Pharmacy ... accrediting organization dedicated to promoting health care quality ... --> --> The URAC accreditation ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... 11, 2016 SI-BONE, Inc., a medical ... iFuse Implant System, a minimally invasive surgical (MIS) ... the sacroiliac (SI) joint, announced the publication of ... MIS SI joint fusion for patients suffering from ... or SI joint disruption.  In the first article, ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: