Navigation Links
Smoking in pregnancy tied to lower reading scores
Date:11/19/2012

Yale School of Medicine researchers have found that children born to mothers who smoked more than one pack per day during pregnancy struggled on tests designed to measure how accurately a child reads aloud and comprehends what they read.

The findings are published in the current issue of The Journal of Pediatrics.

Lead author Jeffrey Gruen, M.D., professor of pediatrics and genetics at Yale School of Medicine, and colleagues analyzed data from more than 5,000 children involved in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC), a large-scale study of 15,211 children from 1990-1992 at the University of Bristol in the United Kingdom.

Gruen and his team from Yale and Brock University in Canada, compared performance on seven specific tasks reading speed, single-word identification, spelling, accuracy, real and non-word reading, and reading comprehension with maternal cigarette smoking, after adjusting for socioeconomic status, mother-child interactions, and 14 other potential factors.

They found that on average, children exposed to high levels of nicotine in utero defined as the minimum amount in one pack of cigarettes per day scored 21 percent lower in these areas than classmates born to non-smoking mothers. The children were tested at age seven and again at age nine.

Among students who share similar backgrounds and education, a child of a smoking mother will, on average, be ranked seven places lower in a class of 31 in reading accuracy and comprehension ability.

"It's not a little difference it's a big difference in accuracy and comprehension at a critical time when children are being assessed, and are getting a sense of what it means to be successful," said Gruen, who also points out that the effects of smoking in pregnancy are especially pronounced in children with an underlying phonological (i.e., speech) deficit, suggesting an interaction between an environmental exposure (smoki
'/>"/>

Contact: Karen N. Peart
karen.peart@yale.edu
203-432-1326
Yale University
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2

Related medicine news :

1. Anti-tobacco TV ads help adults stop smoking, study finds
2. Exercise helps smokers to quit smoking, to remain smoke-free and to reduce the risk of death
3. Small neural focus groups predict anti-smoking ad success
4. Some women may be genetically predisposed to smoking-related hot flashes
5. Friends Parents Can Sway Teens Odds for Drinking, Smoking
6. Fewer Young Americans Smoking, Survey Finds
7. Vitamin C improves pulmonary function in newborns of pregnant smoking women
8. Genetic marker may predict smoking quantity in African Americans
9. 5 percent of workers gave up smoking when the anti-tobacco law took effect
10. Vitamin C improves lung function in newborns of pregnant smoking women
11. States Use Only Fraction of Tobacco Revenues to Fight Smoking, Study Finds
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:9/4/2015)... ... September 04, 2015 , ... The conference program ... Hollywood, Florida October 9-10, 2015 at the Diplomat Resort & Spa has been ... doctors and researchers at the top of their field and will be presenting ...
(Date:9/4/2015)... ... September 04, 2015 , ... Steven Winter Associates, Inc., ... has been selected for the Residential Award of Merit by the Connecticut Green ... Chosen from a highly competitive field of submissions, the net-zero energy residence will ...
(Date:9/4/2015)... ... 2015 , ... EMED Jamaica Global Ltd. (EMED), Jamaica’s premier ... into a multi-year agreement with Health City Cayman Islands. , ( http://www.healthcitycaymanislands.com ) ... healthcare, Jamaican healthcare and Health City Cayman Islands to deliver high-quality, affordable healthcare ...
(Date:9/3/2015)... Calif. (PRWEB) , ... September 03, 2015 , ... Allied ... Fullerton, where innovative medicine is the norm not the exception. , St. Jude was ... the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association, making it one of only 10 hospitals in ...
(Date:9/3/2015)... ... September 03, 2015 , ... The Oregon Collaborative ... of Integrative Health & Medicine (AIHM) Interprofessional Fellowship in Integrative Health & Medicine. ... MD, an internationally renowned educator, physician and thought leader in integrative medicine. This ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:Integrative Healthcare Symposium Focus On: The Microbiome Conference Program Announced 2Health News:South Glastonbury Home Selected for Award by Connecticut Green Building Council 2Health News:EMED Agreement with Health City Cayman Islands Provides for Up to 80% Savings for Patients in Need of Medical Procedures 2Health News:EMED Agreement with Health City Cayman Islands Provides for Up to 80% Savings for Patients in Need of Medical Procedures 3Health News:EMED Agreement with Health City Cayman Islands Provides for Up to 80% Savings for Patients in Need of Medical Procedures 4Health News:EMED Agreement with Health City Cayman Islands Provides for Up to 80% Savings for Patients in Need of Medical Procedures 5Health News:EMED Agreement with Health City Cayman Islands Provides for Up to 80% Savings for Patients in Need of Medical Procedures 6Health News:Allied Anesthesia Physicians Announce Partnership with St. Jude 2Health News:Allied Anesthesia Physicians Announce Partnership with St. Jude 3Health News:Oregon Collaborative for Integrative Medicine Partners with AIHM on First Interprofessional Fellowship 2Health News:Oregon Collaborative for Integrative Medicine Partners with AIHM on First Interprofessional Fellowship 3
... larger tumors , , THURSDAY, March 19 (HealthDay News) -- ... tumor improves tumor-free survival, a U.S. study has confirmed. ... cancer of the intestinal tract, typically occur in the ... are diagnosed in the United States each year. According ...
... Pharmaceuticals (NYSE: VRX ) today announced that ... of President, Valeant Pharmaceuticals International, effective March 10, 2009. ... for overseeing the Dow Services business, corporate business development ... and will be a member of Valeant,s Executive Management ...
... Abaxis, Inc. (Nasdaq: ABAX ), a ... today that Don Wood, vice president of operations, will ... on Thursday, March 26, 2009. The conference is a ... be held at the Cliff Lodge Snowbird Ski Resort ...
... Based on its recent analysis of the medical ... with the 2009 North American Frost & Sullivan ... The honor serves as recognition of the growth ... upon since the firm,s acquisition of Dynamic Imaging ...
... Anesthesiologists, Action vs. RhetoricCORONA DEL MAR, Calif., March 19 ... fair odds. Yet, that,s exactly what the foremost international ... the stage for last week when he responded to ... release in which they claimed to be in the ...
... ... OH (PRWEB) March 19, 2009 -- Female patients who require the removal ... extracted completely through the vagina, thanks to a new surgical procedure developed ... , , ,Dr. Jihad Kaouk, Director of the Center for Laparoscopic and ...
Cached Medicine News:Health News:Gleevec Prevents Return of Intestinal Cancer, Study Confirms 2Health News:Valeant Pharmaceuticals Appoints President of Valeant Pharmaceuticals International 2Health News:Valeant Pharmaceuticals Appoints President of Valeant Pharmaceuticals International 3Health News:Frost & Sullivan Recognizes GE Healthcare for Strategic Leadership in Acquiring Dynamic Imaging to Grow Its Imaging Informatics Business 2Health News:Frost & Sullivan Recognizes GE Healthcare for Strategic Leadership in Acquiring Dynamic Imaging to Grow Its Imaging Informatics Business 3Health News:Frost & Sullivan Recognizes GE Healthcare for Strategic Leadership in Acquiring Dynamic Imaging to Grow Its Imaging Informatics Business 4Health News:Frost & Sullivan Recognizes GE Healthcare for Strategic Leadership in Acquiring Dynamic Imaging to Grow Its Imaging Informatics Business 5Health News:Dr. Barry Friedberg comments on David vs. Goliath: Who's Really in the Pursuit of Patient Safety & Satisfaction? 2Health News:Cleveland Clinic First To Perform Nephrectomy Completely Transvaginally 2Health News:Cleveland Clinic First To Perform Nephrectomy Completely Transvaginally 3
(Date:9/3/2015)... This Defibrillators are critical life saving devices ... across globe. This report provides in-depth analysis of defibrillators ... . Stakeholders for this report include manufacturers of ... bodies. The Saudi Arabia defibrillators ... and by end users. In terms of products the ...
(Date:9/3/2015)... 2015 Nevro Corp. (NYSE: NVRO ), ... evidence-based solutions for the treatment of chronic pain, today ... Morgan Stanley Global Healthcare Conference on Thursday, September 17, ... management is scheduled to present at 11:45 a.m. ET. ... webcast, accessible in the "Investors" section of the company,s ...
(Date:9/3/2015)... , Sept. 3, 2015  Ascendis ... clinical stage biotechnology company that applies its ... medical needs, today announced plans to present ... Wells Fargo Healthcare Conference in BostonDate: , ... , Bank of America Merrill Lynch Global ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:Saudi Arabia Defibrillators Market: & Advanced Life Support Defibrillators; End Users; Industry Analysis, Size, Volume, Growth, Trends and Forecast 2014 - 2020 2Ascendis Pharma A/S to Present at Three Upcoming Investor Conferences 2
... publishing group,s leading brands European Medical Device Technology ... Industry ( MD+DI ) and Qmed® ... on May 24, 2011.  Devoted to developments in materials for ... opportunity to learn from and interact directly with industry experts, ...
... Ascension Orthopedics, Inc., the world leader in PyroCarbon orthopedic implants, ... Geelong, Australia by Richard S. Page, MB.BS.FRACS(ORTH) at St. John ... 57-year-old, active male with increasing shoulder pain for over a ... bike and not improved by a full range of non-surgical ...
Cached Medicine Technology:UBM Canon's Virtual Event Dedicated to Developments in Materials for Medical Applications 2UBM Canon's Virtual Event Dedicated to Developments in Materials for Medical Applications 3Ascension Orthopedics Implants PyroTITAN™ in Geelong, Australia 2
Complete Blink-N-Clean lens drops cleans and clears lenses in a blink. It is a unique blend of gentle to the eye ingredients that conveniently cleans, clears and keeps lenses feeling comfortable thro...
Renu rewetting drops soothe your eyes and moisturize soft contact lenses to minimize dryness....
Softwear Saline with unique comfort rinsing formula....
Sensitive Eyes sterile saline spray is the preservative-free aerosol saline solution for people with eyes sensitive to preservatives. Used for rinsing soft contact lenses after cleaning or thermal or...
Medicine Products: