Navigation Links
Smoking immediately upon waking may increase risk of lung and oral cancer
Date:3/29/2013

The sooner a person smokes a cigarette upon waking in the morning, the more likely he or she is to acquire lung or oral cancer, according to Penn State researchers.

"We found that smokers who consume cigarettes immediately after waking have higher levels of NNAL -- a metabolite of the tobacco-specific carcinogen NNK -- in their blood than smokers who refrain from smoking a half hour or more after waking, regardless of how many cigarettes they smoke per day," said Steven Branstetter, assistant professor of biobehavioral health.

According to Branstetter, other research has shown that NNK (4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-[3-pyridyl]-1-butanone) induces lung tumors in several rodent species. Levels of NNAL (4-(methylnitrosamnino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanol) in the blood can therefore predict lung cancer risk in rodents as well as in humans. In addition, NNAL levels are stable in smokers over time, and a single measurement can accurately reflect an individual's exposure.

Branstetter and his colleague Joshua Muscat, professor of public health sciences, examined data on 1,945 smoking adult participants from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey who had provided urine samples for analysis of NNAL. These participants also had provided information about their smoking behavior, including how soon they typically smoked after waking.

The researchers found that around 32 percent of the participants they examined smoked their first cigarette of the day within 5 minutes of waking; 31 percent smoked within 6 to 30 minutes of waking; 18 percent smoked within 31 to 60 minutes of waking; and 19 percent smoked more than one hour after waking. In addition, the researchers found that the NNAL level in the participants' blood was correlated with the participants' age, the age they started smoking, their gender and whether or not another smoker lived in their home, among other factors.

The team published its results in the March 29 issue of the journal <
'/>"/>

Contact: Sara LaJeunesse
SDL13@psu.edu
814-863-4325
Penn State
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2 3

Related medicine news :

1. CDC Launches New Graphic Antismoking Ads
2. Genes May Dictate Teens Susceptibility to Heavy Smoking
3. Parents Divorce May Up Kids Odds for Smoking as Adults
4. Penn study finds smoking prolongs fracture healing
5. Smoking affects fracture healing
6. Study: Smoking Increases HPV Risks; polyDNA Recommends Gene-Eden-VIR Against HPV
7. Children of divorced parents more likely to start smoking
8. Smoking linked with worse urothelial cancer prognosis in patients, especially women
9. Lung Transplant Hazard May Rise With Obese Recipients, Smoking Donors
10. More Evidence That Smoking Raises Breast Cancer Risk
11. Parents: Revealing Your Past Smoking, Pot Use May Not Help Your Kids
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:8/3/2015)... (PRWEB) , ... August 03, 2015 , ... ... announce the development of it’s new program “Designing Secure Healthcare Systems” This ... engineers and technology leaders from healthcare organizations with access to the tactics, techniques ...
(Date:8/3/2015)... CA (PRWEB) , ... August 03, 2015 , ... A ... emerged among U.S. emergency rooms in recent years, according to the American Dental Association. ... number of dental emergency visits went from 1.1 million in a single year to ...
(Date:8/3/2015)... (PRWEB) , ... August 03, 2015 , ... Illinois Health ... effective July 31. , The acquisition includes all of IBAM NA’s cyclotron sites ... to have both, a robust regionally located business, as well as a large manufacturing ...
(Date:8/3/2015)... (PRWEB) , ... August 03, 2015 , ... Constantin Vasilica, ... accompanied by tissue injury caused by diabetes after many years of suffering and using ... times, and he didn’t want to ask for extra time off or wait longer ...
(Date:8/3/2015)... ... August 03, 2015 , ... ... medical information, risk management and investigative services, has introduced a new logo ... expert information solutions that improve business outcomes for its customers. EMSI’s new ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:Sensato and Divurgent are pleased to announce the development of it’s new program “Designing Secure Healthcare Systems” 2Health News:Sensato and Divurgent are pleased to announce the development of it’s new program “Designing Secure Healthcare Systems” 3Health News:Sensato and Divurgent are pleased to announce the development of it’s new program “Designing Secure Healthcare Systems” 4Health News:Los Angeles Periodontists Comment on Rising Dental Emergency Room Trips 2Health News:Los Angeles Periodontists Comment on Rising Dental Emergency Room Trips 3Health News:Illinois Health & Science Expands Nuclear Medicine Footprint With Purchase of IBA Molecular North America, Inc. 2Health News:Chinese Health Care Provider Heshoutang Now Give Patients Complimentary Online Healing Options 2Health News:Chinese Health Care Provider Heshoutang Now Give Patients Complimentary Online Healing Options 3Health News:EMSI Announces New Branding: Powerful Information. Improved Outcomes. 2
... Partnerships at The Henry M. Jackson Foundation for the ... the recipients of the 2012 Heroes of Military Medicine ... selfless dedication to advancing medicine for our nation,s wounded, ... The recipients will be honored at the Heroes of ...
... Washington, D.C. People with schizophrenia report ... clinical program, according to results announced today from ... of Care for People with Schizophrenia , was ... Healthcare (National Council) and administered at 10 community ...
... TUESDAY, March 6 (HealthDay News) -- ,Hospitalizations from angiodema, ... skin often around the eyes and mouth, are on ... York Downtown Hospital searched a national database for hospitalizations ... fatal whole-body reaction) and angiodema. While hospitalization rates ...
... The American College of Physicians (ACP) today issued a ... is the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths for ... statement and a patient summary appear in the March ... published by ACP. ACP developed this guidance statement ...
... , MONDAY, March 5 (HealthDay News) -- Pregnant women taking ... reduced head growth, a new study suggests. The researchers ... as Paxil and Prozac relieved depression in these women, they ... birth. "Fetal body growth is a marker of fetal ...
... Jenifer Goodwin HealthDay Reporter , MONDAY, March ... or have other breathing issues while sleeping are more ... 7, new research suggests. Those issues can include ... depression, conduct problems such as rule-breaking and aggressiveness and ...
Cached Medicine News:Health News:HJF Center announces Heroes of Military Medicine award recipients 2Health News:Pilot program demonstrates measureable benefits for people with schizophrenia 2Health News:American College of Physicians releases new colorectal cancer screening guidance statement 2Health News:Moms' Antidepressants May Affect Babies' Head Size: Study 2Health News:Moms' Antidepressants May Affect Babies' Head Size: Study 3Health News:Snoring Tots May Develop Behavioral Issues Later 2Health News:Snoring Tots May Develop Behavioral Issues Later 3
(Date:8/2/2015)... Mandatory takeover offer for ... or the "Company") is pleased to announce the signing ... Marijan Han žeković to acquire his 63.3% holding ... a Croatian listed pharmaceutical business.   Dechra ... to €51.4 million for the entire share capital on ...
(Date:7/31/2015)... , July 31, 2015  Physicians and ... in the biopharmaceutical market. Patients are better informed ... selecting and switching therapies. This shift in power ... marketers, efforts toward patient-focused marketing. As ... marketers have learned it,s important to educate, communicate ...
(Date:7/31/2015)... July 31, 2015  Seeger Weiss LLP is reporting that ... a warning letter to C.R. Bard, the manufacturer of ... strides to correct violations the agency found at two of ... after the FDA cited them during Inspectional Observations that occurred ... Tempe, AZ , location and on October ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:Dechra to Acquire 63.3% Shareholding (£19.4m) in Genera d.d. Croatia 2Dechra to Acquire 63.3% Shareholding (£19.4m) in Genera d.d. Croatia 3Dechra to Acquire 63.3% Shareholding (£19.4m) in Genera d.d. Croatia 4Dechra to Acquire 63.3% Shareholding (£19.4m) in Genera d.d. Croatia 5Consumers Forcing Pharmaceutical Industry to Shift its Marketing Focus from Products to Patients 2Seeger Weiss LLP Reports That The FDA Has Issued A Warning Letter To IVC Filter Manufacturer, C.R. Bard 2Seeger Weiss LLP Reports That The FDA Has Issued A Warning Letter To IVC Filter Manufacturer, C.R. Bard 3
... ADDISON, Texas, March 11, 2011 U LURUInc.(NYSE ... the development of a portfolio of wound management and oral ... NYSE Amex LLC (the "Exchange") advising ULURU that it is ... continued listing standards under Section 1003 of the Exchange,s Company ...
... (Nasdaq: NVAX ), a clinical-stage vaccine company, announced ... be presenting at the ROTH 23rd Annual OC Growth Stock ... at The Ritz Carlton, Laguna Niguel, CA.  A live audio-only ... Company website at www.novavax.com under Investors/Events, and a ...
Cached Medicine Technology:ULURU Inc. Receives Letter of Non-Compliance From NYSE Amex 2
... Plus Dodeca cell accommodates up to 12 ... first-dimension runs in the PROTEAN IEF system, ... format. The PROTEAN Plus Dodeca cell's cooling ... electrodes, allow consistent, high-resolution results. The handcasting ...
... The PROTEAN Plus Dodeca cell accommodates up ... capacity of first-dimension runs in the PROTEAN ... a convenient format. The PROTEAN Plus Dodeca ... its plate electrodes, allow consistent, high-resolution results. ...
... gels run in the specially designed E-Base™ ... power supply in one device. The daughter ... and to other daughter E-Base™ platforms for ... E-Gel® 96 or E-Gel® 48 gels. Note: ...
... E-Gel® 48 gels run in the ... combine the base and power supply ... E-Base™ power supply contains an electrical ... to an electrical outlet and is ...
Medicine Products: