Navigation Links
Smoking during pregnancy fosters aggression in children

This release is available in French.

Montreal, January 6, 2009 Women who smoke during pregnancy risk delivering aggressive kids according to a new Canada-Netherlands study published in the journal Development and Psychopathology. While previous studies have shown that smoking during gestation causes low birth weight, this research shows mothers who light up during pregnancy can predispose their offspring to an additional risk: violent behaviour.

What's more, the research team found the risk of giving birth to aggressive children increases among smoking mothers whose familial income is lower than $40,000 per year. Another risk factor for aggressive behaviour in offspring was smoking mothers with a history of antisocial behaviour: run-ins with the law, high school drop-outs and illegal drug use.

Psychiatry professor and researcher Jean Sguin, of the Universit de Montral and Sainte-Justine Hospital Research Center, co-authored the study with postdoctoral fellow Stephan C. J. Huijbregts, now a researcher at Leiden University in the Netherlands, as well as colleagues from Universit Laval and McGill University in Canada.

"Mothers-to-be whose lives have been marked by anti-social behaviour have a 67 percent chance to have a physically aggressive child if they smoke 10 cigarettes a day while pregnant, compared with 16 percent for those who are non-smokers or who smoke fewer than 10 cigarettes a day," says Dr. Sguin. "Smoking also seems to be an aggravating factor, although less pronounced, in mothers whose anti-social behaviour is negligible or zero."

The research was carried out as part of a wider investigation of children, the Quebec Longitudinal Study, which examined behaviors of 1,745 children between the age of 18 months to three and a half years. Aggressive offspring were characterized by their mothers as quick to hit, bite, kick, fight and bully others.

Other risks for aggressive behaviour

Although physical aggression is most common in preschool children, the researchers identified other prenatal factors associated with aggressive behaviour in children: mothers who are younger than 21, who smoke and who coerce their children to behave. The researchers also found that children from families who earned less than $40,000 per year were at an increased risk for aggressive behaviour.

In this category, heavy smokers had a 40 percent chance of having highly aggressive children, compared with 25 percent for other mothers who were moderate or non-smokers. When income was greater than $40,000 annually, the gap between heavy smokers and others fell to 8 percent.

The effect of smoking on aggression in offspring remained significant even when other factors were removed such as divorce, depression, maternal education and the mother's age during pregnancy. Smoking during pregnancy is one factor that could be curbed to decrease risks of aggression and violent behaviour.

The research team recommends that low-income women, who are heavy smokers and who have a history of anti-social behaviour become a screening criterion for prenatal testing to determine what families need extra support to prevent development of aggressive behaviour.


Contact: Sylvain-Jacques Desjardins
University of Montreal

Related medicine news :

1. Smoking may strongly increase long-term risk of eye disease
2. Smoking increases risks for head and neck cancers for men and women
3. Smoking Boosts Risk for Head, Neck Cancers
4. AUDIO from Medialink and Commit Lozenge: Wanna Quit Smoking With Therapeutic Nicotine? Just Follow the Directions
5. Passive smoking increases sleep disturbance among pregnant women
6. Teens who see more smoking in movies may have increased risk of becoming established smokers
7. Smoking in Movies May Put Teens at Risk
8. Test Spots Genetic Damage Done by Smoking
9. Scientists demonstate link between genetic variant and effectiveness of smoking cessation meds
10. Muslim Groups Kick Off Ramadan With Anti-Smoking Initiative
11. Smoking can harm the long-term effects of some oral surgery procedures
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/27/2015)... Rosa, CA (PRWEB) , ... November 27, 2015 , ... ... Northern California Medical Associates, Inc. and Dr. Tucker Bierbaum with Emergency Medicine at ... meeting. They observed that both STEMI and Sepsis conditions present in similar ways and ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... (PRWEB) , ... November 26, 2015 , ... Inevitably when ... Many customers choose to buy during the Black Friday and Cyber Monday ... don’t need to search the Internet high and low to find the best massage ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... ... November 26, 2015 , ... Jobs in hospital medical laboratories ... and offered by healthcare staffing agency Aureus Medical Group . These ... October 2015 among those searching for healthcare jobs through the company’s website, ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... ... November 26, 2015 , ... ... consultation, has collaborated with Women’s Web – an online resource for Indian ... on mental and emotional well-being relationship, life balance, stress, professional development, and ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... 25, 2015 , ... The holiday season is jam-packed with ... palates of attendees is of the utmost importance. Whether you are cooking at ... these recipes a try this holiday season. , Turkey Croquettes , ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/25/2015)... , Nov. 25, 2015  The American ... and Gynecologists (ACOG), and the March of Dimes ... Protecting Our Infants Act of 2015 ... number of newborns born exposed to drugs, such ... the bill,s introduction, all three organizations have worked ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... On Tuesday, November 24, 2015, the ... Wright Medical Technology, Inc. for product liability and ... implant device, awarded $11 million in favor of ... and three days of deliberations, the jury found ... designed and unreasonably dangerous, and that Wright Medical ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... AVIV, Israel , November 25, 2015 ... (NASDAQ: KTOV ) (TASE: KTOV), a biopharmaceutical company ... simultaneous treatment of various clinical conditions, today announced the ... 3,158,900 American Depository Shares ( ADSs ), each representing ... purchase up to 3,158,900 ADSs. The ADSs and warrants ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: