Navigation Links
Smokers who survive to 70 still lose 4 years of life
Date:8/31/2013

Dr Emberson said: "Despite recent declines in the numbers of people smoking and tar yields of cigarettes, smoking remains the leading preventable cause of death in Europe."

He added: "Previous studies had demonstrated that prolonged cigarette smoking from early adult life was associated with about 10 years loss of life expectancy, with about one quarter of smokers killed by their habit before the age of 70. Stopping at ages 60, 50, 40 or 30 years gained back about 3, 6, 9 or the full 10 years. However, the hazards of continuing to smoke and the benefits of stopping in older people had not been widely studied."

In the current study, scientists tracked the health of 7,000 older men (mean age 77 years, range 66 to 97) from 1997 to 2012 who took part in the Whitehall study of London civil servants. Hazard ratios (HRs) for overall mortality and various causes of death in relation to smoking habits were calculated after adjustment for age, last known employment grade and previous diagnoses of vascular disease or cancer.

During the 15-year study 5,000 of the 7,000 men died. Deaths in current smokers were about 50% higher than in never smokers (HR=1.50), due chiefly to vascular disease (HR=1.34), cancer (HR=1.74) and respiratory disease (HR=2.39).

Deaths in former smokers were 15% higher than in never smokers (HR=1.15), due chiefly to cancer (HR=1.24) and respiratory disease (HR=1.58). Compared with never smokers, men who had quit smoking within the previous 25 years (median 14 years) had a 28% higher mortality rate (HR=1.28) while men who quit >25 years ago (median 35 years) had no significant excess risk (HR=1.05).

Dr Emberson said: "Our results clearly show that active smoking continues to increase the risk of death in old age. Risk in former smokers decreases as the time since quitting gets longer and, if one survives long enough, eventually reaches levels of never smokers."

Average life expectancy from age 70 was about 18 years in men who had never regularly smoked, 16 years for men who gave up smoking before age 70 but only about 14 years in men still smoking at age 70. Two-thirds of never smokers (65%), but only half of current smokers (48%), survived from age 70 to age 85.

Dr Emberson said: "This study shows that even if you were to ignore all the deaths caused by smoking before the age of 70, older smokers still do considerably worse than older non-smokers, losing a considerable amount of subsequent lifespan."

Dr Robert Clarke (UK), coordinator of the study, concluded: "We have shown that even if a smoker is fortunate enough to survive to age 70 they still lose, on average, about 4 years of subsequent lifespan compared with men who do not smoke. Quitting is beneficial at any age and it really is never too late to stop."


'/>"/>

Contact: Celine Colas
press@escardio.org
44-773-005-7146
European Society of Cardiology
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Obese Workers Health Care Costs Top Those of Smokers
2. Half of Young Cigarette Smokers Also Smoke Pot: Survey
3. Exercise helps smokers to quit smoking, to remain smoke-free and to reduce the risk of death
4. Joint-Replacement Failure Rate Higher for Smokers: Studies
5. Hot Flashes More Likely for Certain Smokers, Study Says
6. Use of Smokers Lungs for Transplant Has Pros, Cons
7. Genes Might Help Some Smokers Kick the Habit
8. Graphic warning labels improve smokers recall of warning and health risks related to smoking
9. Graphic Cig Pack Labels Make Smokers Think, Study Finds
10. A better way to help high-risk pregnant smokers
11. New Electronic Cigarette Free Trial Kit Adds More Years to Smokers Life by Making it Easy to Quit Smoking
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/20/2017)... , ... February 20, 2017 , ... ... offering a full range of emergency dental care at his office, Antoine Dental ... When patients experience dental emergencies, they are at risk for serious complications and ...
(Date:2/19/2017)... ... February 19, 2017 , ... The Citadel’s new Swain ... is being led by Amelia Joseph, Ph.D. Joseph was engaged by the college as ... nursing department in early 2016. After a nation-wide search, she was selected to head ...
(Date:2/18/2017)... ... February 17, 2017 , ... ... Free Webinar**, March 1, 2017 — 1:30 p.m. – 2:30 p.m. ET, ... Pay dividends in enhanced and predictable product performance? Streamline processes resulting in ...
(Date:2/18/2017)... ... February 18, 2017 , ... ProParagraph Fashion Volume 2 ... ’ ProParagraph Fashion Volume 2 for all multi-line FCPX project needs. Great ... pick and choose from hand-crafted trend-setting designs with smooth animations that will add ...
(Date:2/17/2017)... ... February 17, 2017 , ... ... allow for the electronic prescribing of controlled and non-controlled substances plus the ability ... of pharmacies in the United States now accept electronic prescriptions, according to the ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/20/2017)... 2017 Acute, Chronic and Prophylaxis GVHD ... a CAGR of 7% from 2016-2021 and CAGR of 3% from 2021-2027. ... 2016 to 2027. The market is estimated at $0.36bn in 2016, $0.51bn ... ... how you can exploit the future business opportunities emerging in this sector. ...
(Date:2/19/2017)... 19, 2017  nThrive™, an independent Patient-to-Payment? solutions ... thought leadership at the 2017 HIMSS Conference. The ... award from KLAS. nThrive will host ... how market trends shape the holistic, integrated revenue ... comprehensive Patient Access solution. The panel will reveal ...
(Date:2/19/2017)... ORLANDO, Fla. , Feb. 18, 2017 /PRNewswire/ ... announced that positive Phase 1 clinical data for Nektar,s ... carcinoma (RCC) were presented at ASCO GU 2017.  NKTR-214 ... cancer-fighting T cells and Natural Killer (NK) cell abundance ... PD-1 on these immune cells.  The results were presented ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: