Navigation Links
Smokers at Higher Risk of Another Stroke: Study
Date:10/25/2012

By Steven Reinberg
HealthDay Reporter

THURSDAY, Oct. 25 (HealthDay News) -- People who are smokers at the time of their first stroke have a greater risk of another stroke, heart attack or death than those who never smoked, according to a study by Australian researchers.

And those who quit smoking before their stroke had a lower risk than those who were still smoking when they had a stroke, the researchers noted.

"Smokers are more likely to do badly after a stroke," said lead researcher Amanda Thrift, a professor of epidemiology at Monash University.

Ex-smokers, however, fared much better, she said.

"Stop smoking, because one of the things we showed is that people who gave up smoking had a much greater benefit than those who were still smoking," Thrift said. "There are real benefits to be gained from giving up smoking."

The report was published in the Oct. 25 online edition of the journal Stroke.

For the study, Thrift's team collected data on more than 1,500 stroke survivors who had a stroke between 1996 and 1999.

After 10 years of follow-up, the investigators found that those who were smokers when they had their stroke were 30 percent more likely to have another stroke, heart attack or die, compared to those who never smoked. These risks were particularly significant among younger stroke patients.

Smokers who survived the first 28 days after their stroke had a 42 percent increased risk of these outcomes, the researchers found. For those who had quit smoking before their stroke, difference in risk dropped to 18 percent.

Comparing only current smokers and former smokers, of those who survived the first four weeks after a stroke, those who were still smoking at the time of their stroke had a 23 percent higher risk of a recurring stroke, heart attack or death within the next 10 years.

These findings were further skewed by poverty, with a 52 percent increased risk of a poor outcome among smokers living in the most disadvantaged areas and 31 percent increased risk among those who never smoked, Thrift's group found.

Most patients in the study suffered the most common type of stroke, one in which a blood clot blocks a blood vessel in the brain -- called an ischemic stroke.

Thrift noted that there weren't enough people in the study who suffered a hemorrhagic stroke, one caused by bleeding in the brain, to draw any conclusion about smoking and those outcomes.

Commenting on the report, an expert who was not involved with the study, Dr. Rafael Ortiz, described the physical connection between smoking and cardiovascular disease.

"Smoking predisposes people to hardening of the arteries and stroke," said Ortiz, director of the Center for Stroke and Neuro-Endovascular Surgery at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City.

This is the result of nicotine and carbon monoxide's effect on the blood vessels, he added.

"Never start smoking," Ortiz advised. "If you're a current smoker, stop, because it predisposes you to having a stroke and if you have a stroke it will have a worse outcome and it predisposes you to have a stroke at an earlier age."

Patricia Folan, director of the Center for Tobacco Control at the North Shore-LIJ Health System in Great Neck, N.Y., echoed Thrift's and Ortiz's advice.

"Quit smoking," Folan said.

Smokers have a great deal of disability after a stroke and a decreased quality of life, she said. People may not die after a stroke, but they may not be able to move or communicate and "their quality of life will be poor," she said.

"If we can convince people that smoking is going to have a big impact not only in their life span, but also in their quality of life in terms of not having a stroke or heart attack, that's the most important message," Folan said.

More information

To learn more about stroke, visit the U.S. National Library of Medicine.

SOURCES: Amanda Thrift, Ph.D., professor of epidemiology, Monash University, Clayton, Australia; Patricia Folan, director, Center for Tobacco Control, North Shore-LIJ Health System, Great Neck, N.Y.; Rafael Ortiz, M.D., director, Center for Stroke and Neuro-Endovascular Surgery, Lenox Hill Hospital, New York City; Oct. 25, 2012, Stroke, online


'/>"/>
Copyright©2012 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. Smokers Are Still High Schools Cool Kids, Study Finds
2. Brain Bleeds More Common in Smokers, Research Shows
3. Smokers Drop Pricey Cigarettes for Cheaper Alternatives: CDC
4. Vitamin D May Delay Deterioration of Smokers Lungs: Study
5. Vitamin D may protect against lung function impairment and decline in smokers
6. Current and former smokers at risk for recurrent hepatitis post-liver transplantation
7. New Electronic Cigarette Free Trial Kit Adds More Years to Smokers Life by Making it Easy to Quit Smoking
8. A better way to help high-risk pregnant smokers
9. Graphic Cig Pack Labels Make Smokers Think, Study Finds
10. Graphic warning labels improve smokers recall of warning and health risks related to smoking
11. Genes Might Help Some Smokers Kick the Habit
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Smokers at Higher Risk of Another Stroke: Study
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... October 13, 2017 , ... As health professionals work ... as “patient engagement.” The patient is doing more than filling out a survey; in ... “There is an increasing emphasis in health care and research on the importance of ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... October 13, 2017 , ... ... PharmD ‘17, and Jennifer Huggins, PharmD ’17, along with clinical associate professor ... prevention of cardiovascular diseases during the 15th Annual Women’s Health Conference. The ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... October 13, 2017 , ... Ellevate Network, the leading ... to advocate for action towards gender equality at their inaugural Summit in New York ... globe, and reached a social audience of over 3 million. To watch the Mobilize ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... , ... “The Journey: From the Mountains to the Mission Field”: the story ... the Philippines. “The Journey: From the Mountains to the Mission Field” is the creation ... has taught all ages and currently teaches a class of ladies at her church, ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... 12, 2017 , ... The company has developed a suite ... regulatory authorities worldwide. From Children’s to Adults 50+, every formula has been developed ... , These products are also: Gluten Free, Non-GMO, Vegan, Soy Free, Non-Dairy*, ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:10/10/2017)... 2017  NDS received FDA 510(k) clearance in May 2017 for ... stand specifically designed for endoscopy environments. An innovative secondary monitor solution, ... solution to support the improvement of patient outcomes, procedural efficiency, and ... ... ...
(Date:10/5/2017)... , Oct. 5, 2017  In response ... of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons (AAOMS) released prescribing ... – to be used as a first-line therapy ... Recognizing the ... AAOMS White Paper "Opioid Prescribing: Acute and Postoperative ...
(Date:10/4/2017)... 4, 2017 OBP Medical , ... medical devices, today announced regulatory approval from ... (or Agência Nacional de Vigilância Sanitária (ANVISA)) to ... surgical retractor with integrated LED light source and ... and exposure of a tissue pocket or cavity ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: