Navigation Links
Smokers at Higher Risk of Another Stroke: Study
Date:10/25/2012

By Steven Reinberg
HealthDay Reporter

THURSDAY, Oct. 25 (HealthDay News) -- People who are smokers at the time of their first stroke have a greater risk of another stroke, heart attack or death than those who never smoked, according to a study by Australian researchers.

And those who quit smoking before their stroke had a lower risk than those who were still smoking when they had a stroke, the researchers noted.

"Smokers are more likely to do badly after a stroke," said lead researcher Amanda Thrift, a professor of epidemiology at Monash University.

Ex-smokers, however, fared much better, she said.

"Stop smoking, because one of the things we showed is that people who gave up smoking had a much greater benefit than those who were still smoking," Thrift said. "There are real benefits to be gained from giving up smoking."

The report was published in the Oct. 25 online edition of the journal Stroke.

For the study, Thrift's team collected data on more than 1,500 stroke survivors who had a stroke between 1996 and 1999.

After 10 years of follow-up, the investigators found that those who were smokers when they had their stroke were 30 percent more likely to have another stroke, heart attack or die, compared to those who never smoked. These risks were particularly significant among younger stroke patients.

Smokers who survived the first 28 days after their stroke had a 42 percent increased risk of these outcomes, the researchers found. For those who had quit smoking before their stroke, difference in risk dropped to 18 percent.

Comparing only current smokers and former smokers, of those who survived the first four weeks after a stroke, those who were still smoking at the time of their stroke had a 23 percent higher risk of a recurring stroke, heart attack or death within the next 10 years.

These findings were further skewed by poverty, with a 52 percent increased risk of a poor outcome among smokers living in the most disadvantaged areas and 31 percent increased risk among those who never smoked, Thrift's group found.

Most patients in the study suffered the most common type of stroke, one in which a blood clot blocks a blood vessel in the brain -- called an ischemic stroke.

Thrift noted that there weren't enough people in the study who suffered a hemorrhagic stroke, one caused by bleeding in the brain, to draw any conclusion about smoking and those outcomes.

Commenting on the report, an expert who was not involved with the study, Dr. Rafael Ortiz, described the physical connection between smoking and cardiovascular disease.

"Smoking predisposes people to hardening of the arteries and stroke," said Ortiz, director of the Center for Stroke and Neuro-Endovascular Surgery at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City.

This is the result of nicotine and carbon monoxide's effect on the blood vessels, he added.

"Never start smoking," Ortiz advised. "If you're a current smoker, stop, because it predisposes you to having a stroke and if you have a stroke it will have a worse outcome and it predisposes you to have a stroke at an earlier age."

Patricia Folan, director of the Center for Tobacco Control at the North Shore-LIJ Health System in Great Neck, N.Y., echoed Thrift's and Ortiz's advice.

"Quit smoking," Folan said.

Smokers have a great deal of disability after a stroke and a decreased quality of life, she said. People may not die after a stroke, but they may not be able to move or communicate and "their quality of life will be poor," she said.

"If we can convince people that smoking is going to have a big impact not only in their life span, but also in their quality of life in terms of not having a stroke or heart attack, that's the most important message," Folan said.

More information

To learn more about stroke, visit the U.S. National Library of Medicine.

SOURCES: Amanda Thrift, Ph.D., professor of epidemiology, Monash University, Clayton, Australia; Patricia Folan, director, Center for Tobacco Control, North Shore-LIJ Health System, Great Neck, N.Y.; Rafael Ortiz, M.D., director, Center for Stroke and Neuro-Endovascular Surgery, Lenox Hill Hospital, New York City; Oct. 25, 2012, Stroke, online


'/>"/>
Copyright©2012 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. Smokers Are Still High Schools Cool Kids, Study Finds
2. Brain Bleeds More Common in Smokers, Research Shows
3. Smokers Drop Pricey Cigarettes for Cheaper Alternatives: CDC
4. Vitamin D May Delay Deterioration of Smokers Lungs: Study
5. Vitamin D may protect against lung function impairment and decline in smokers
6. Current and former smokers at risk for recurrent hepatitis post-liver transplantation
7. New Electronic Cigarette Free Trial Kit Adds More Years to Smokers Life by Making it Easy to Quit Smoking
8. A better way to help high-risk pregnant smokers
9. Graphic Cig Pack Labels Make Smokers Think, Study Finds
10. Graphic warning labels improve smokers recall of warning and health risks related to smoking
11. Genes Might Help Some Smokers Kick the Habit
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Smokers at Higher Risk of Another Stroke: Study
(Date:2/13/2016)... Canada (PRWEB) , ... February 13, 2016 , ... In ... foot forward. They’ll groom themselves to perfection, go out of their way to be ... date – just take a look at any online dating profile. , A ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... DC (PRWEB) , ... February ... ... Siemens Foundation today announced a new initiative—the Siemens Foundation-PATH Ingenuity Fellowships—to develop ... The partnership will recruit top students from U.S. universities who will draw ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... ... , ... As a former television executive, owner Tal Rabinowitz knows how stressful ... decompress, Rabinowitz found herself drawn to a casual meditation class while working at NBC ... implementing a 20-minute-per-day meditation practice with her team. After her tenure at NBC, she ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... , ... February 12, 2016 , ... Every winter, someone ... This winter the West Penn Burn Center, part of the Allegheny Health ... to bring you the “Space Heaters Need Space” campaign. , “Space ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... ... , ... Erlanger Agency has announced a new partnership in its ongoing community ... on the fight against breast cancer, fundraising for a local woman named Carmen, who ... Carmen is a loving single mother of two boys who also serves as caregiver ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/12/2016)... , Ungarn, February 12, 2016 ... das sich auf den ungedeckten medizinischen Bedarf ... positive Ergebnisse seines klinischen Forschungsprogramms bekannt. Das ... beschäftigt, ergab Verbesserungen ihrer respiratorischen Funktionen und ... ltd , ein Medizintechnikunternehmen, das sich auf ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... , Feb. 11, 2016 ... Diagnostics in Personalized Medicine and Cancer Therapy. - ... High-Growth Diagnostic Testing Markets. - Key Diagnostic Testing ... - Molecular Diagnostics in Genetic Testing. - Molecular ... Markets. - Over-the-Counter Diagnostic Products World Markets. ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... Stem cells are primitive cells found in ... the capacity to differentiate into mature cell types Stem ... first mouse embryonic stem cells were derived from embryos ... the first culturing of embryonic stem cells from non-human ... until 2006 As a result of these discoveries, stem ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: