Navigation Links
Smokers' Cars Loaded With Nicotine
Date:8/24/2009

Levels twice those found in places that permit smoking, study suggests,,

MONDAY, Aug. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Passengers riding in the cars of smokers are exposed to nicotine levels nearly twice those found in restaurants and bars that permit smoking, a new study suggests.

The dangers of exposure to secondhand smoke are well known, including the risk for heart and respiratory disease, and have led to laws banning smoking in many public places. Many anti-smoking advocates believe the next frontier in the fight against secondhand smoke is in cars.

"These levels of exposure are unacceptable for nonsmoking passengers, particularly children, who are at increased risk for secondhand smoke-related health problems," said study co-author Patrick Breysse, director of the Division of Environmental Health Engineering at the Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health.

Breysse and his co-author Dr. Ana Navas-Acien, an assistant professor of occupational and environmental health at Hopkins, believe that smoking should be banned in cars as it has been in other places.

"The high secondhand tobacco smoke levels measured in this study support the urgent need for smoke-free education campaigns and legislative measures banning smoking in motor vehicles when passengers, especially children, are present," Navas-Acien said.

The report is published in the Aug. 25 online edition of Tobacco Control.

For the study, Breysse and Navas-Acien compared nicotine levels in the cars of 17 smokers and five nonsmokers whose commute to and from work took 30 minutes or longer. The researchers placed airborne nicotine samplers in the cars, one near the front passenger seat headrest and another in the back seat behind the driver.

The researchers then analyzed the samples and found a twofold increase in concentrations of nicotine for every cigarette smoked.

Navas-Acien and Breysse estimate that nicotine concentrations are twice as high in smokers' cars as in other public and private places studied, and 40 percent to 50 percent higher than in restaurants and bars that allow smoking.

"While partially opening windows reduced exposure to secondhand smoke it did not eliminate exposure within motor vehicles," Breysse said. "It is important to remember that there is no known safe level of exposure to secondhand smoke."

People in the study also completed a questionnaire that included questions on their knowledge and attitudes about the health risks of secondhand smoke and relevant regulations and legislation. Both smokers and nonsmokers said smoking in a car posed a health risk to passengers. Among smokers, 53 percent said not being able to smoke in the car would help them to quit, and 93 percent said cars should be smoke-free voluntarily. Only 7 percent of smokers said there should be laws outlawing smoking in cars.

"Results of this research and other studies can be used to develop education campaigns aimed at eliminating secondhand smoke exposure in motor vehicles," Breysse said. "In addition, these results can be used to support legislative efforts aimed at banning smoking in vehicles, particularly when children are present."

Dr. Norman H. Edelman, chief medical officer of the American Lung Association, said "all those people who smoke in cars and think they are protecting the passengers by using AC [air conditioning] or opening the window are wrong and potentially impairing their passengers' health."

Matthew L. Myers, president of the Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids, called the new study "a rude wake-up call -- cars literally become toxic gas chambers."

Myers also believes that laws banning smoking in cars are needed. "It is appropriate and necessary to ban smoking in cars where children are passengers," he said. "Children are not volunteers in cars. This is a more intense, more dangerous exposure to kids than in any other location."

More information

For more on the health risks of smoking, visit the U.S. National Institutes of Health.



SOURCES: Patrick Breysse, Ph.D., professor, and director, division of environmental health engineering, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore; Ana Navas-Acien, M.D., M.P.H., assistant professor, occupational and environmental health, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore; Norman H. Edelman, M.D., chief medical officer, American Lung Association, Washington, D.C.; Matthew L. Myers, president, Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids, Washington, D.C.; Aug. 25, 2009, Tobacco Control, online


'/>"/>
Copyright©2009 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved

Related medicine news :

1. Smokers Twice As Likely to Get TB
2. Is a society with smokers profitable?
3. Florida State Tobacco Tax Increase May Prompt Smokers to Quit Spontaneously
4. State Launches New Campaign to Help Pregnant Smokers Go Tobacco-Free
5. Study finds that tobacco companies changed design of cigarettes without alerting smokers
6. Closer to an effective treatment for gum disease in smokers
7. Minnesota Smokers Turning to QUITPLAN(R) Services After Cigarette Tax Hike
8. Urine Test Could Gauge Smokers Lung Cancer Risk
9. Doctors Urged to Get Aggressive to Help Smokers
10. Pennsylvania Department of Health Helps Smokers Trying to Quit in Wake of Federal Cigarette Tax Hike
11. Nicotine Replacement May Help Smokers Quit Gradually
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/10/2016)... ... February 10, 2016 , ... 10 Best Water ... were three leading bottled water brand owners that topped the list as a result ... and optimize conversion. The premier brand was Tibet 5100, a top notch water company ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... ... ... Ongoing news of the ravages of traumatic brain injury (TBI) among former ... takes a closer look at cases of TBI being managed by their members. The ... the aging population, and identifies the challenges associated with their care. , During the ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... ... February 10, 2016 , ... Gout is like no other joint pain. ... often severe, with intense swelling and redness. It is triggered by the crystallization of ... adults are the most susceptible, according to the February 2016 issue of Harvard Men's ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... ... February 10, 2016 , ... AHRA: ... winner and inspirational speaker Jan Fox will serve as keynote speaker at the ... provide participants with tools to more effectively communicate with their own organizational staff ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... ... February 10, 2016 , ... A national ergonomics pioneer ... Expo event March 9-11, 2016. Hosted by Ohio's Bureau of Worker's Compensation, the ... the longest running and largest worker's compensation event in Ohio, organizers of the ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/10/2016)... Fla. , Feb. 10, 2016 CSI ... today with the launch of the Specialty Pharmacy Podcast. ... an industry-first, aimed at providing real-world education, discussion and ... --> --> The ... and CEO of CSI Specialty Group Suzette DiMascio, CHE, ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... YORK , Feb. 10, 2016 Immune ... biopharmaceutical company, announced today that it has filed a ... Leukemia and other cancers. --> ... treating cancer by administration of Ceplene (histamine dihydrochloride) in ... provides methods of predicting the efficacy of Ceplene and ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... Feb. 10, 2016  The ALS Association, in partnership with ... Challenge to generate a biomarker to track TDP43 aggregation. The ... to a $1 million investment. --> ... that affects nerve cells in the brain and the spinal ... and control muscle movement, which often leads to total paralysis ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: