Navigation Links
Smokers' Cars Loaded With Nicotine
Date:8/24/2009

Levels twice those found in places that permit smoking, study suggests,,

MONDAY, Aug. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Passengers riding in the cars of smokers are exposed to nicotine levels nearly twice those found in restaurants and bars that permit smoking, a new study suggests.

The dangers of exposure to secondhand smoke are well known, including the risk for heart and respiratory disease, and have led to laws banning smoking in many public places. Many anti-smoking advocates believe the next frontier in the fight against secondhand smoke is in cars.

"These levels of exposure are unacceptable for nonsmoking passengers, particularly children, who are at increased risk for secondhand smoke-related health problems," said study co-author Patrick Breysse, director of the Division of Environmental Health Engineering at the Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health.

Breysse and his co-author Dr. Ana Navas-Acien, an assistant professor of occupational and environmental health at Hopkins, believe that smoking should be banned in cars as it has been in other places.

"The high secondhand tobacco smoke levels measured in this study support the urgent need for smoke-free education campaigns and legislative measures banning smoking in motor vehicles when passengers, especially children, are present," Navas-Acien said.

The report is published in the Aug. 25 online edition of Tobacco Control.

For the study, Breysse and Navas-Acien compared nicotine levels in the cars of 17 smokers and five nonsmokers whose commute to and from work took 30 minutes or longer. The researchers placed airborne nicotine samplers in the cars, one near the front passenger seat headrest and another in the back seat behind the driver.

The researchers then analyzed the samples and found a twofold increase in concentrations of nicotine for every cigarette smoked.

Navas-Acien and Breysse estimate that nicotine concentrations are twice as high in smokers' cars as in other public and private places studied, and 40 percent to 50 percent higher than in restaurants and bars that allow smoking.

"While partially opening windows reduced exposure to secondhand smoke it did not eliminate exposure within motor vehicles," Breysse said. "It is important to remember that there is no known safe level of exposure to secondhand smoke."

People in the study also completed a questionnaire that included questions on their knowledge and attitudes about the health risks of secondhand smoke and relevant regulations and legislation. Both smokers and nonsmokers said smoking in a car posed a health risk to passengers. Among smokers, 53 percent said not being able to smoke in the car would help them to quit, and 93 percent said cars should be smoke-free voluntarily. Only 7 percent of smokers said there should be laws outlawing smoking in cars.

"Results of this research and other studies can be used to develop education campaigns aimed at eliminating secondhand smoke exposure in motor vehicles," Breysse said. "In addition, these results can be used to support legislative efforts aimed at banning smoking in vehicles, particularly when children are present."

Dr. Norman H. Edelman, chief medical officer of the American Lung Association, said "all those people who smoke in cars and think they are protecting the passengers by using AC [air conditioning] or opening the window are wrong and potentially impairing their passengers' health."

Matthew L. Myers, president of the Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids, called the new study "a rude wake-up call -- cars literally become toxic gas chambers."

Myers also believes that laws banning smoking in cars are needed. "It is appropriate and necessary to ban smoking in cars where children are passengers," he said. "Children are not volunteers in cars. This is a more intense, more dangerous exposure to kids than in any other location."

More information

For more on the health risks of smoking, visit the U.S. National Institutes of Health.



SOURCES: Patrick Breysse, Ph.D., professor, and director, division of environmental health engineering, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore; Ana Navas-Acien, M.D., M.P.H., assistant professor, occupational and environmental health, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore; Norman H. Edelman, M.D., chief medical officer, American Lung Association, Washington, D.C.; Matthew L. Myers, president, Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids, Washington, D.C.; Aug. 25, 2009, Tobacco Control, online


'/>"/>
Copyright©2009 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved

Related medicine news :

1. Smokers Twice As Likely to Get TB
2. Is a society with smokers profitable?
3. Florida State Tobacco Tax Increase May Prompt Smokers to Quit Spontaneously
4. State Launches New Campaign to Help Pregnant Smokers Go Tobacco-Free
5. Study finds that tobacco companies changed design of cigarettes without alerting smokers
6. Closer to an effective treatment for gum disease in smokers
7. Minnesota Smokers Turning to QUITPLAN(R) Services After Cigarette Tax Hike
8. Urine Test Could Gauge Smokers Lung Cancer Risk
9. Doctors Urged to Get Aggressive to Help Smokers
10. Pennsylvania Department of Health Helps Smokers Trying to Quit in Wake of Federal Cigarette Tax Hike
11. Nicotine Replacement May Help Smokers Quit Gradually
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/26/2017)... ... May 26, 2017 , ... Dr. Alex Rabinovich, a highly-skilled oral ... new, informational blog post on insurance options. If a Bay Area patient has to ... save time and money. Visiting an in-network provider for a second opinion can ensure ...
(Date:5/26/2017)... ... ... Jack: Against All Odds”: the story of Coach Cactus Jack and the impact he ... creation of published author, Walter Hubbard, a retired wildlife and fisheries biologist and pharmacy ... Walter and Jane have three adult children and a granddaughter. Walter and ...
(Date:5/24/2017)... ... 24, 2017 , ... Altec Products, Inc., a leader in enterprise ... one-day technology conference in San Diego, CA. , At nVerge 2017, Altec will ... utilize and enhance their Sage ERP solutions by providing improved visibility and control to ...
(Date:5/24/2017)... ... 2017 , ... STATEMENT OPPOSING PRESIDENT DONALD TRUMP’S 2018 BUDGET ... budget, “A New Foundation for American Greatness—President's Budget FY 2018,” because it is ... populations, undermines productivity, and destroys the social safety net needed by hardworking but ...
(Date:5/24/2017)... ... May 24, 2017 , ... Accordant Technology, a trusted ... ExtraHop delivers an analytics-first approach, layered with machine learning, that provides real-time visibility ... to the cloud to the edge. Through the new partnership, customers get the ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/3/2017)...  Getinge, a leading global provider of products ... cost efficiency within healthcare and life sciences, today ... demonstrating that intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation (IABC) appears effective ... The single-center, retrospective, observational study showed that use ... 50cc intra-aortic balloon (IAB) in contemporary practice ...
(Date:5/2/2017)... NEW YORK and LONDON ... leading distributor of market intelligence, MarketResearch.com is pleased to ... Reimbursement Consulting AB that allows for the marketing ... proprietary market analyses through the MarketResearch.com website. ... easy access to complete product descriptions and tables of ...
(Date:5/2/2017)... Iowa , May 2, 2017  CIVCO ... patient-centric radiotherapy solutions, announced today that Nat ... been with CIVCO since 2012 and has served ... management, senior vice president and general manager, and ... "I am extremely proud of what ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: