Navigation Links
'Smoke-free' laws lead to fewer hospitalizations and deaths
Date:11/6/2012

Laws that end smoking at work and other public places result in significantly fewer hospitalizations for heart attacks, strokes, asthma and other respiratory conditions, a new UCSF analysis has found.

The research provides evidence that smoke-free laws that cover workplaces, restaurants and bars have the biggest impacts on hospitalizations, reduce health care costs and also raise quality of life, the researchers said.

The research is published in the current issue of the American Heart Association journal Circulation.

"The public, health professionals, and policy makers need to understand that including exemptions and loopholes in legislation such as exempting casinos condemns more people to end up in emergency rooms," said senior author Stanton A. Glantz, PhD, UCSF professor of medicine and director of the Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education at UCSF.

"These unnecessary hospitalizations are the real cost of failing to enact comprehensive smoke-free legislation," he said.

For decades, Glantz and his colleagues at UCSF have been pioneers in tobacco research, disclosing how the tobacco industry manipulated its products and led the public into cigarette addiction.

In the latest study, the scientists examined the relationship between legislated smoking bans and hospital admissions or death from cardiac, cerebrovascular, and respiratory diseases.

The inquiry consisted of a meta-analysis of 45 studies published prior to November 30, 2011. Altogether, the research covered 33 different smoke-free-laws in cities and states around the United States as well as several countries, including New Zealand and Germany. The laws variously prohibit smoking in such public spots as restaurants, bars, and the workplace.

The authors found that comprehensive smoke-free laws were followed rapidly by significantly lower rates of hospital admissions than before the laws went into force:

  • A 15 percent drop in heart attack hospitalizations;
  • A 16 percent drop in stroke hospitalizations;
  • A 24 percent drop in hospitalizations for respiratory diseases including asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

Laws that were more comprehensive in scope that included restaurants and bars as well as workplaces -- were followed by larger changes in risk, the authors said. Moreover, the decrease in hospitalizations applied similarly to women and to men, the researchers found.

The authors noted several studies that showed an additional benefit: lower health care costs connected to smoking-related illnesses. The savings reported ranged from $302,000 for acute myocardial infarctions in one small Mississippi town, to $6.9 million the first year after smoke-free laws were implemented in one province in Germany.

"Smoke-free legislationreduces exposure of nonsmokers to secondhand smoke and creates an environment that helps smokers cut down or quit smoking," the authors wrote. "The passage of these laws reflects changes in social norms that also affect smoking behavior; the laws both formalize and accelerate this social change and the associated health benefits."


'/>"/>

Contact: Elizabeth Fernandez
Elizabeth.Fernandez@UCSF.edu
415-502-6397
University of California - San Francisco
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Exercise helps smokers to quit smoking, to remain smoke-free and to reduce the risk of death
2. Decline in incidence of heart attacks appears associated with smoke-free workplace laws
3. Higher-spending hospitals have fewer deaths for emergency patients
4. Physician Groups Call for Fewer Medical Tests
5. Pneumococcal disease: More cases but fewer deaths
6. Fewer suicides after antidepressive treatment for schizophrenia
7. Fewer prostate cancer surgery complications found in teaching hospitals with fellowship programs
8. Fewer Young Americans Smoking, Survey Finds
9. Fewer Stillbirths Among Pregnant Women Vaccinated Against Flu
10. Nanomedicines promise fewer side effects in treating cancer
11. American Kids Getting Fewer Prescription Drugs: Study
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:7/24/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... July 24, 2017 , ... ... the federal Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration’s (SAMHSA) State Targeted Response ... California Department of Health Care Services, will facilitate the development of a hub ...
(Date:7/24/2017)... ... July 24, 2017 , ... The International Essential Tremor Foundation (IETF) will ... essential tremor (ET). The seminar will take place on Saturday, Aug. 26 at the ... The program will run from 9 a.m. to 12 p.m., with check-in beginning at ...
(Date:7/24/2017)... ... 24, 2017 , ... Independence Blue Cross (Independence) ... Innovation Collaboration program, have signed a five-year agreement that will marshal resources from ... members and patients receive. The agreement also signifies Jefferson Health officially joining the ...
(Date:7/24/2017)... ... July 24, 2017 , ... ... in National Harbor, MD. This year's theme focuses on the new ISO/IEC 17025 ... for quality and integrity in testing and calibration will be changed. , ...
(Date:7/24/2017)... ... 24, 2017 , ... A Southern California-based author has released a new book ... she has overcome them. “Forbidden Memories: A Memoir,” by author Michelle V. Madsen, highlights ... risen above. , In “Memories,” readers get a firsthand look at what Michelle has ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:7/12/2017)... CarpalAID is a revolutionary new product that relieves painful carpal tunnel ... syndrome affects more than 8 million people a year. Women suffer ... common methods of treating CTS are painful surgery, the use of ... ... is a clear patch worn on the palm of the hand. ...
(Date:7/11/2017)... , July 11, 2017  Bayer has awarded grants totaling ... as part of its prestigious Bayer Hemophilia Awards Program (BHAP). ... Philadelphia and Uniformed Services University of ... among the winners. Grant recipients were announced last night during ... (ISTH) 2017 Congress, Berlin, Germany . ...
(Date:7/11/2017)... , July 11, 2017  Dr. Echenberg, founder of Echenberg Institute, ... program to patients who suffer from painful intercourse and other painful pelvic ... vaginal atrophy due to menopause. ... VuVatech LLC ... created by Sarasota, Florida -based start-up company, VuVatech LLC, ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: