Navigation Links
Smaller Airports May Endanger Health

California research finds higher pollution levels, though risks are unclear

FRIDAY, Dec. 4 (HealthDay News) -- As corporate and private jets take off and land at small airports across the country, their engine exhaust fills the air with small particles of combustion that could affect the health of people living nearby, suggests a new study by California researchers.

Though air pollution has long been recognized as a problem near major airports, far less research has been done on the situation near regional airports, which are seeing ever-increasing traffic, the researchers said.

"The impact area from the regional airport that we studied was much larger than the impact of a freeway," said lead researcher Suzanne E. Paulson, a professor of atmospheric chemistry at the University of California, Los Angeles.

"People who live near airports are exposed to high levels of the pollutants that come from airplane exhaust," she said.

Air pollution has been linked to heart disease, asthma and other serious medical problems, Paulson said. A report on the research was published online Nov. 20 in Environmental Science & Technology.

For the study, Paulson's team measured air pollutants near the Santa Monica Airport, an airport for private planes and corporate jets in southern California. They found a greatly increased level of tiny particles called ultrafine particles, which are less than 1/500th the width of a human hair.

In fact, the amount of these particles present in the air was up to 10 times higher downwind from the airport, at a distance of about one football field, and 2½ times higher at a distance of about six football fields.

How bad these ultrafine particles are for people's health is not known, Paulson said. "There are indications that very small particles have a lot of toxic effects, but we haven't looked at these particular particles," she said.

"But, operating on a precautionary principle, I wouldn't want to live downwind of a takeoff area from an airport," she added.

Paulson admits that there is little that can be done to reduce pollution near established airports. But planning for new airports should include a buffer area between the airport and homes and businesses, she said.

John Clark III, a researcher in the department of epidemiology at the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, said that "these smaller particles can have a health effect."

But he acknowledged that many people who live near airports might have few if any options, and creating a buffer zone at existing airports also might not be possible.

In addition, because the exact health effect of this type of pollution is not known, Clark said it's too early to make a case that these airports should be closed or people should be moved to other locations.

Nonetheless, he said, the information should help inform and provide more evidence to residents and public health officials of the extent of the pollution and perhaps spur new research to identify the health risks.

"This study shows that noise pollution may not be the only health hazard of living near an airport," Clark said.

More information

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has more on air pollution.

SOURCES: Suzanne E. Paulson, Ph.D., professor, atmospheric chemistry, Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, University of California, Los Angeles; John Clark III, Ph.D., researcher, Department of Epidemiology, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami; Nov. 20, 2009, Environmental Science & Technology, online

Copyright©2009 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved

Related medicine news :

1. Smaller breast reduction surgeries provide health benefits and should be reimbursed
2. Nordic Naturals Introduces Ultimate Omega 500 - Their Best Selling Formula Now Available in a Smaller Size Soft Gel!
3. Smaller babies more prone to depression, anxiety later on
4. Pancreatic cancer: The smaller the tumor, the better your chances, study shows
5. Abbott Receives CE Mark for Smaller-Size XIENCE(TM) V Drug Eluting Stent
6. Growth Hormone is Used to Treat Twice as Many Short Boys Than Girls in the U.S. and Asia; Gender Difference is Smaller in the Rest of the World
7. Health Plan Execs Receive Smaller Bonuses as Companies Push Performance-Based Pay, HPW Reports; Hanway Tops Others in Total Compensation
8. Smaller mosquitoes are more likey to be infected with viruses causing human diseases
9. Fast food meals are smaller, have fewer calories than food served at restaurants
10. Researchers create smaller, brighter probe tailored for molecular imaging and tumor targeting
11. Blocking protein leads to fewer, smaller skin cancer tumors
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... ... ProSidebar: Fashion is a set of 30 kinetic edge graphics ... editors can easily add an informative sidebar to any FCPX production. Create lists, ... self-animating drop zones, lines, bars, and text with the ease of FCPX's drag and ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... 2015 , ... A simply groundbreaking television series, "Voices in America", which is ... an array of issues that are presently affecting Americans. Dedicated to providing the world ... is changing the subjects consumers focus on, one episode at a time. , ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... IL (PRWEB) , ... November 27, 2015 , ... ... of the largest, most successful and prominent nonprofit healthcare organizations in the country. ... governance involvement with various organizations, and helped advance the healthcare industry as a ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... ... 2015 , ... Patients at Serenity Point Recovery, a holistic ... Thanksgiving Day to share the things that they are most grateful for today. ... channel, patients displayed what they wrote on index cards, describing the things that ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... ... November 26, 2015 , ... The Catalent Applied Drug Delivery ... to integrate dose form selection in early phase drug development. The first of ... and bringing together the UK’s emerging life sciences companies, corporate partners, and investors, ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/27/2015)... 26, 2015 ... the "2016 Global Tumor Marker Testing ... and Sales Segment Forecasts, Innovative Technologies, Instrumentation ... to their offering. --> ... "2016 Global Tumor Marker Testing Market: ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... Netherlands , November 26, 2015 ... A new combination approach blends immunotherapy with Bremachlorin-photodynamic ... A new combination approach blends immunotherapy with Bremachlorin-photodynamic therapy ... A new combination approach blends immunotherapy with Bremachlorin-photodynamic therapy ... Netherlands has found that immunotherapy can be ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... -- 3D bioprinting market is expected to ... report by Grand View Research Inc. Rising prevalence of chronic ... transplantation is expected to boost the market growth, as 3D ... --> 3D bioprinting market is expected to ... report by Grand View Research Inc. Rising prevalence of chronic ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: