Navigation Links
Sleep breathing machine shows clear benefits in children with sleep apnea
Date:2/9/2012

Children and adolescents with obstructive sleep apnea had substantial improvements in attention, anxiety and quality of life after treatment with positive airway pressure (PAP)a nighttime therapy in which a machine delivers a stream of air through a mask into the nose.

"The benefits occurred even when children didn't fully adhere to the treatment," said study leader Carole L. Marcus, M.D., a sleep specialist and director of the Sleep Center at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia. The Sleep Center follows thousands of children and adolescents with sleep problems.

The study appears online ahead of print in the American Journal of Respiratory and Clinical Care Medicine.

Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a condition of interrupted breathing caused by a narrowing in the throat or upper airway, related to large tonsils and adenoids, obesity or other medical problems. Using continuous positive airway pressure commonly relieves OSAS in adults, in whom it has been studied extensively. However, there have been few studies of PAP in children with OSAS.

"The vast majority of children with OSAS undergo surgery on their tonsils and adenoids instead of receiving PAP therapy," said Dr. Marcus. "It is difficult to get children to wear the mask used in PAP treatments." However, surgery is not always effective in treating OSAS in children, especially in obese children," said Dr. Marcus. She added that many children who require PAP therapy have underlying chronic illnesses such as Down syndrome, or developmental delays. Furthermore, the rising incidence of obesity among children and adolescents has also increased the rate of OSAS in young people.

The current study followed 52 children and adolescents with OSAS at Children's Hospital. The patients had a mean age of 12 years old, and 10 of them had significant developmental delays. The study team assessed sleepiness, behavioral problems, attention, and quality of life at baseline and after three months of PAP treatment.

The researchers found significant improvements in attention deficits, daytime sleepiness, behaviors such as anxiety and shyness, and quality of life. Both the parents and children reported on quality of life using standardized questionnaires that asked about feelings, daily activities, getting along with other children, and keeping up with schoolwork.

"We found that improvements occurred even when children were only using PAP as little as three hours a night," said Dr. Marcus, who noted that higher compliance would be expected to yield greater benefits. She added that getting children to fully adhere to treatments requires a commitment by parents and family members to a behavioral plan that supports the treatments.

Dr. Marcus said that further pediatric sleep research is warranted, such as blinded studies to compare treatment to a placebo group and further investigations of neurobehavioral outcomes. "This study was the first comprehensive study of PAP use in children, so more research should be performed, but our results have encouraging implications for using this treatment in children with sleep apnea," she concluded.


'/>"/>
Contact: Rachel Salis-Silverman
salis@email.chop.edu
267-426-6063
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Clot-Busting Drug May Work for Those Who Have Strokes While Asleep
2. Sleep Apnea May Be Tied to Silent Strokes, Study Finds
3. Women Suffer From Sleep Apnea, Raised Heart Risks, Too
4. University of Houston opens Sleep and Anxiety Center for Kids
5. Poor Sleep May Complicate Young Diabetics Blood Sugar Control
6. Nap-deprived tots may be missing out on more than sleep, says University of Colorado-led study
7. Poor sleep linked to increased health and behavior problems in young diabetics
8. Study highlights impact of sleep deprivation on patients and health care providers
9. Many Police Officers Battle Sleep Woes, Study Finds
10. Effect of adenotonsillectomy in children with sleep-disordered breathing
11. Tart cherry juice drinkers gain sleep advantage
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/26/2017)... ... ... Amir Qureshi, MD is the first physician in Arkansas to implant Nuvecta’s ... Nuvectra™ Algovita SCS System has been FDA approved as a treatment option for chronic ... introduce the most powerful SCS system and the only stretchable lead on the market. ...
(Date:5/26/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... May 26, 2017 , ... ... premium delicatessen foods, is sharing bold recipes for Memorial Day entertaining that are ... menus. , “Boar’s Head fresh sliced meats and cheeses featured in these ...
(Date:5/26/2017)... MD (PRWEB) , ... May 26, 2017 , ... After ... anti-stress Antzy Top gadget will continue to be available at a discounted crowdfunding price ... deal with stress wherever they are, I also wanted to bring a fidget toy ...
(Date:5/26/2017)... ... ... Lowe acts as host and helps educate and inform the public using the “Informed” ... reconnect with America as it explores some of the best places to hike and ... inventive new place for a family vacation, and have discovered hiking. Many will agree ...
(Date:5/26/2017)... , ... May 26, 2017 , ... “THE FLINTHILLS FAMILY-Our Journey to the Cross”: the ... Journey to the Cross” is the creation of published authors, Bob and Margaret Massey. ... to say, he is "panther quick and leather tough." His love for others is ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/4/2017)... -- Fortuna Fix Inc. (" Fortuna "), a private, clinical-stage ... the need for embryonic and fetal stem cells by using ... Fortuna announced today the launch of its ... MD, PhD; Father Kevin FitzGerald , S.J., PhD; Col. ... James Giordano , PhD. "We are excited and ...
(Date:5/4/2017)... Clarius Mobile Health, a digital healthcare ... this week at the American Congress of Obstetricians ... San Diego, CA from May ... perfect tool for clinicians to easily confirm pregnancy, ... pregnancy-related complications like ectopic pregnancy and placenta previa," ...
(Date:5/4/2017)... 4, 2017  DarioHealth Corp. (NASDAQ: DRIO), a leading ... data solutions, today announced that it is teaming up ... Technologies Limited to lower diabetes healthcare costs in ... card, which is available throughout all provinces and territories ... be eligible for additional savings when shopping for Dario ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: