Navigation Links
Sizing up stockpiles of children's vaccines
Date:9/10/2010

A creative version of a classic engineering technique may improve decisions about building and using supplies of important pediatric vaccines, potentially leading to lower public health costs and healthier children.

The United States maintains a six-month supply of common pediatric vaccines to ensure protection from deadly diseases, such as the flu, polio, and diphtheria, despite interruptions in vaccine production. The stockpiles must be replenished as the vaccines are used or expire, and, because the manufacture of vaccines is a laborious and unreliable process, health officials must place orders for new vaccines up to a year in advance.

Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC) and the Rochester Institute of Technology (RIT) have developed a mathematical framework to better understand the implications of vaccine stockpile levels through evidence-based engineering principles. Industrial engineers Sheldon Jacobson of UIUC and Rubn Proao of RIT, who specialize in operations research, and Janet Jokela, a specialist in public health and infectious diseases at UIUC, published this work in the online edition of the November 2010 Journal of Industrial and Management Optimization.

Deciding how many pediatric vaccine doses to order from year to year is no simple task. According to the researchers, "The decision must balance several objectives that sometimes conflict." These include: minimizing the impact of vaccine shortages, maintaining or increasing vaccine coverage, and minimizing vaccine costs (including costs from unused vaccine).

The number of doses to order also may also depend on the importance of the vaccine. Some vaccines are easier to obtain than others, some diseases are more contagious or more deadly than others, and society has higher immunity levels against some pediatric diseases than others.

The researchers' model for setting stockpile levels is a novel adaptation of the "u
'/>"/>

Contact: Joshua A. Chamot
jchamot@nsf.gov
703-292-7730
National Science Foundation
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2 3

Related medicine news :

1. Parents Want Electronic Access to Their Childrens Docs: Survey
2. New strategy produces promising advance in cancer vaccines
3. New Technology Could Widen Reach of Vaccines
4. Clues Found to How Different Flu Vaccines Work
5. New vaccines may come from forcing giardia parasite to display its many disguises
6. Response to vaccines could depend on your sex
7. Future HIV vaccines: If we build it, will they come?
8. H1N1 Protection in Coming Seasons Flu Vaccines: FDA
9. Boosting the efficacy of anticancer vaccines
10. UR discovers new way to boost vaccines, seeks patent
11. New human adenovirus may not make for good vaccines, after all
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:7/9/2014)... smell of flatulence and have a reputation for being highly ... sulfide is now being being found to offer potential health ... heart attacks and dementia. A new compound (AP39), designed and ... to future therapies, by targeting delivery of very small amounts ... cells. , Scientists in Exeter have already found that ...
(Date:7/9/2014)... the most important organs in the human body. Its ... properly this is its synthesis function and ... this is its detoxification function. Lack of exercise and ... the liver. The resulting diseased cells can lead to ... failure. According to the German Liver Foundation, over five ...
(Date:7/9/2014)... poor printing on prescription labels handed out by ... errors in taking medication, according to new research ... National Institute for the Blind)., The study, published ... found that labels on prescription medications dispensed by ... for legibility. , By simply following recommended guidelines ...
(Date:7/9/2014)... , , , , , , , ... , , , , , , ... is a binaural recording using KEMAR, the weapon was an SA80 assault rifle and the microphone is 50m downrange from the firer and approximately 30cm from ... , , , , , ... , , , , ...
(Date:7/9/2014)... has risen dramatically in Western societies. One frequently cited ... and have fewer infections than previous generations, thereby delaying ... researchers at Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, monitored children ... the immune system in relation to allergic disease. All ... Vstra Gtaland Region, half of them on farms that ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:Rotten egg gas holds key to healthcare therapies 2Health News:Telemedicine for patients with chronic liver diseases 2Health News:Telemedicine for patients with chronic liver diseases 3Health News:Most prescription labels fail to meet guidelines, risking dosage errors 2Health News:Fit for the frontline? New study identifies the hearing requirements of British soldiers 2Health News:Fit for the frontline? New study identifies the hearing requirements of British soldiers 3Health News:Fit for the frontline? New study identifies the hearing requirements of British soldiers 4Health News:Fit for the frontline? New study identifies the hearing requirements of British soldiers 5Health News:Fit for the frontline? New study identifies the hearing requirements of British soldiers 6Health News:Fit for the frontline? New study identifies the hearing requirements of British soldiers 7
... drive emerging market to over $300 million ... in 2012, according to Millennium Research Group, WALTHAM, ... Markets for Ultrasound Systems 2008 report, the,emerging ultrasound market ... at a compound annual growth rate of over 15% ...
... from MEDEX Global Group Offers Tips for Travelers, ... substandard healthcare are among the serious medical,concerns found in ... MEDEX Global Group, a worldwide provider of international travel,security ... million foreign tourists, which is a 14,percent increase over ...
... features 30 prizes, benefits global ... polio eradication and peace-building, ARLINGTON, Va., April 23 The ... and a Grand Prize sure to warm the hearts of soccer,aficionados ... to,attend a quarterfinal match between the winner of Group C and ...
... Winning American Idol Ice Cream and, Limited-edition CD at Participating Giant ... ... WASHINGTON and OAKLAND, Calif., April 23 ,Everyone,s a winner when you stop ... Saturday, May,3 for the Triple Winner Game(R) Scoop Day event., This ...
... April 23 Essilor,International, the world leader in ... for the three months ended March,31, 2008, representing ... of,2007., Like-for-like growth amounted to 6.2%, in ... in scope of consolidation accounted,for 4% of growth ...
... today by the law firm of Schiffrin Barroway Topaz & ... action lawsuit was filed in the,United States District Court for ... securities of WellPoint, Inc. (NYSE: WLP ) ("WellPoint",or the ... "Class Period")., If you wish to discuss this action ...
Cached Medicine News:Health News:Emerging Ultrasound Market to Grow Rapidly Over Next Five Years 2Health News:Increase in Travel to China Creating New Health and Security Risks 2Health News:Charity Raffle Offers Trip and Game Tickets to Soccer's Euro 2008 Quarterfinal 2Health News:EDY'S(R) SLOW CHURNED(R) and Giant Food Markets Announce Scoop Day With Sweet Deals to Support the Fight Against Childhood Cancer 2Health News:Essilor's 2008 First-Quarter Report 2Health News:Essilor's 2008 First-Quarter Report 3Health News:Shareholder Class Action Filed Against WellPoint, Inc. by the Law Firm of Schiffrin Barroway Topaz & Kessler, LLP 2Health News:Shareholder Class Action Filed Against WellPoint, Inc. by the Law Firm of Schiffrin Barroway Topaz & Kessler, LLP 3
(Date:1/15/2014)... MultiCell Technologies, Inc. (OTC Bulletin Board: ... concerning composition of matter, biological targets, mechanism of action, ... This patent application describes a novel ... (VSRNAs) which interfere with the basic homeostatic cellular processes ...
(Date:1/15/2014)... 2014 The Cadence Fitness & Health Center has ... Medical Fitness Association, a non-profit organization assisting medically integrated ... The Cadence Fitness & Health Center is the only ... in the Chicagoland area. "The certification means ...
(Date:1/15/2014)... 2014 Reportlinker.com announces that a new ... catalogue: Insulin Pump ... http://www.reportlinker.com/p01957812/Insulin-Pump-Market--Forecast-–-Worldwide-Analysis.html#utm_source=prnewswire&utm_medium=pr&utm_campaign=Medical_Equipment_and_Supply ... Insulin Pumps are gaining strong acceptance ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:MultiCell Technologies Files Patent Application Covering New Class of RNA Therapeutics 2MultiCell Technologies Files Patent Application Covering New Class of RNA Therapeutics 3Cadence Fitness & Health Center Certified as Medical Fitness Facility 2Cadence Fitness & Health Center Certified as Medical Fitness Facility 3Insulin Pump Market & Forecast - Worldwide Analysis 2Insulin Pump Market & Forecast - Worldwide Analysis 3Insulin Pump Market & Forecast - Worldwide Analysis 4Insulin Pump Market & Forecast - Worldwide Analysis 5Insulin Pump Market & Forecast - Worldwide Analysis 6Insulin Pump Market & Forecast - Worldwide Analysis 7Insulin Pump Market & Forecast - Worldwide Analysis 8Insulin Pump Market & Forecast - Worldwide Analysis 9Insulin Pump Market & Forecast - Worldwide Analysis 10Insulin Pump Market & Forecast - Worldwide Analysis 11Insulin Pump Market & Forecast - Worldwide Analysis 12Insulin Pump Market & Forecast - Worldwide Analysis 13Insulin Pump Market & Forecast - Worldwide Analysis 14Insulin Pump Market & Forecast - Worldwide Analysis 15Insulin Pump Market & Forecast - Worldwide Analysis 16Insulin Pump Market & Forecast - Worldwide Analysis 17
... ARUP Laboratories is a national reference ... laboratory research and development. ARUP offers an ... unique medical tests in clinical and anatomic ... ARUP Laboratories' clients include more than half ...
... ARUP Laboratories is a national reference laboratory ... research and development. ARUP offers an extensive ... medical tests in clinical and anatomic pathology. ... Laboratories' clients include more than half of ...
... is a national reference laboratory and a ... development. ARUP offers an extensive test menu ... in clinical and anatomic pathology. Owned by ... include more than half of the nation's ...
... a national reference laboratory and a worldwide ... ARUP offers an extensive test menu of ... clinical and anatomic pathology. Owned by the ... more than half of the nation's university ...
Medicine Products: