Navigation Links
Singing May Help Some Stroke Victims Regain Speech
Date:9/29/2011

THURSDAY, Sept. 29 (HealthDay News) -- Singing helps some stroke patients suffering from non-fluent aphasia -- severe difficulties with speech -- re-learn how to speak, according to a new study.

Researchers in Germany pointed out, however, it's the rhythm and formulaic phrases associated with singing -- not the melodies -- that seem to make the difference.

The lyrics and phrases the patients were most familiar with had the biggest impact on the their articulation -- even when they were just spoken and not sung, the investigators found. They concluded that the findings could lead to the development of new therapies for speech disorders.

Speaking difficulties are common among people who suffer strokes that damage speech areas in the brain's left hemisphere. But the right side of the brain, which supports important functions of singing, often remains intact in these patients. Previous research suggested singing would stimulate areas in the right hemisphere that would take on the speech functions of the damaged areas.

To explore this idea further, the researchers asked 17 stroke patients with non-fluent aphasia to sing or recite several thousand syllables with rhythmic or arrhythmic accompaniment. The phrases selected were similar but very different in how familiar they were to the patients and how formulaic they were.

The study authors found that singing the phrases did not produce better results than speaking them rhythmically.

"The key element in our patients was, in fact, not the melody but the rhythm," Benjamin Stahl, researcher at the Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences in Leipzig, said in an institute news release. "The positive effect was greatest in patients where deeper brain areas, known as the basal ganglia, were affected. These areas are known to be crucial for rhythmic processing."

The researchers pointed out that familiar song lyrics and formulaic phrases were the easiest for the patients to articulate. The reason for this, they suggested, is that these words may involve other brain mechanisms than spontaneous speech, including those involved in long-term memory.

More research is needed to determine how rhythmic and formulaic speech can be used in rehabilitative therapies, the study authors noted. "Even small gains in the ability to speak can mean a lot to aphasics, who sometimes have been unable to communicate easily for years," added Stahl.

More information

The U.S. National Library of Medicine has more about communicating with someone with aphasia.

-- Mary Elizabeth Dallas

SOURCE: Max-Planck-Gesellschaft, news release, Sept. 22, 2011


'/>"/>
Copyright©2010 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. UF study: When singing mice choose a mate, a skillful song gets the gal
2. Whales Not Just Singing the Same Old Song, Researchers Say
3. Case study reports singing lowers patients blood pressure prior to surgery
4. Eric Bennett Is Singing a New Tune With Tahitian Noni International
5. Choir Singing May Relieve Irritable Bowel Syndrome
6. Even Slightly Higher Blood Pressure May Boost Stroke Risk
7. Window of opportunity to treat some stroke patients may be longer than originally suspected
8. Cardiac Rehab May Cut Risk Factors After Mini-Stroke
9. Many With Irregular Heartbeat Unaware of Raised Stroke Risk
10. Novel research set to pinpoint risk of heart attacks and strokes
11. Depression Tied to Higher Risk for Stroke
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Singing May Help Some Stroke Victims Regain Speech
(Date:4/26/2017)... City, NJ (PRWEB) , ... April 26, 2017 , ... ... offers an easy way to get nutrients from SUPERFOODS! , RawTrition is ... body at the cellular level because the body recognizes its raw form (unlike the ...
(Date:4/26/2017)... Gainesville, FL (PRWEB) , ... April 26, 2017 ... ... health and human performance, is proud to announce that it has received 510(k) ... cutting-edge technologies, the MyoCycle Home and the MyoCycle Pro. , Both devices are ...
(Date:4/25/2017)... ... April 25, 2017 , ... ... committed to raising awareness for Duchenne muscular dystrophy, and funding for Duchenne ... (cardiosphere-derived cells) Phase I/II HOPE clinical trial in Duchenne announced today. , ...
(Date:4/25/2017)... ... April 25, 2017 , ... The doctors at Wall ... who live with dental fear and require sedation to receive dental care. The doctors ... during various procedures, from hygienic cleanings to oral surgery, at their dental office in ...
(Date:4/25/2017)... ... April 25, 2017 , ... ... in unveiling cutting-edge birth defects research related to Zika virus during pregnancy, as ... premier society for this important science. , The Teratology Society ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:4/20/2017)... 20, 2017 Research and Markets has ... Market Share, Application Analysis, Regional Outlook, Growth Trends, Key Players, ... their offering. ... pharmacogenomics market was valued at US$ 7,167.6 Mn in 2015, ... expanding at a CAGR of 5.6% from 2016 to 2024. ...
(Date:4/19/2017)... , April 19, 2017 /PRNewswire/ - CRH Medical Corporation (TSX: CRH) (NYSE ... Bloom Burton & Co. Healthcare Investor Conference 2017 at the Sheraton ... Edward Wright , Chief Executive Officer of the Company is scheduled ... CFO, Richard Bear and the Chairman of the Board, ... ...
(Date:4/19/2017)... -- Global Surgical Drainage Device Market: Overview ... excess liquid and air. The fluid to be drained ... Surgical drains are used in a wide variety of ... surgery, neurosurgery, plastic surgery etc. Common use of surgical ... fluid e.g. blood or pus. Surgical drains are available ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: