Navigation Links
Singing May Help Some Stroke Victims Regain Speech
Date:9/29/2011

THURSDAY, Sept. 29 (HealthDay News) -- Singing helps some stroke patients suffering from non-fluent aphasia -- severe difficulties with speech -- re-learn how to speak, according to a new study.

Researchers in Germany pointed out, however, it's the rhythm and formulaic phrases associated with singing -- not the melodies -- that seem to make the difference.

The lyrics and phrases the patients were most familiar with had the biggest impact on the their articulation -- even when they were just spoken and not sung, the investigators found. They concluded that the findings could lead to the development of new therapies for speech disorders.

Speaking difficulties are common among people who suffer strokes that damage speech areas in the brain's left hemisphere. But the right side of the brain, which supports important functions of singing, often remains intact in these patients. Previous research suggested singing would stimulate areas in the right hemisphere that would take on the speech functions of the damaged areas.

To explore this idea further, the researchers asked 17 stroke patients with non-fluent aphasia to sing or recite several thousand syllables with rhythmic or arrhythmic accompaniment. The phrases selected were similar but very different in how familiar they were to the patients and how formulaic they were.

The study authors found that singing the phrases did not produce better results than speaking them rhythmically.

"The key element in our patients was, in fact, not the melody but the rhythm," Benjamin Stahl, researcher at the Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences in Leipzig, said in an institute news release. "The positive effect was greatest in patients where deeper brain areas, known as the basal ganglia, were affected. These areas are known to be crucial for rhythmic processing."

The researchers pointed out that familiar song lyrics and formulaic phrases were the easiest for the patients to articulate. The reason for this, they suggested, is that these words may involve other brain mechanisms than spontaneous speech, including those involved in long-term memory.

More research is needed to determine how rhythmic and formulaic speech can be used in rehabilitative therapies, the study authors noted. "Even small gains in the ability to speak can mean a lot to aphasics, who sometimes have been unable to communicate easily for years," added Stahl.

More information

The U.S. National Library of Medicine has more about communicating with someone with aphasia.

-- Mary Elizabeth Dallas

SOURCE: Max-Planck-Gesellschaft, news release, Sept. 22, 2011


'/>"/>
Copyright©2010 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. UF study: When singing mice choose a mate, a skillful song gets the gal
2. Whales Not Just Singing the Same Old Song, Researchers Say
3. Case study reports singing lowers patients blood pressure prior to surgery
4. Eric Bennett Is Singing a New Tune With Tahitian Noni International
5. Choir Singing May Relieve Irritable Bowel Syndrome
6. Even Slightly Higher Blood Pressure May Boost Stroke Risk
7. Window of opportunity to treat some stroke patients may be longer than originally suspected
8. Cardiac Rehab May Cut Risk Factors After Mini-Stroke
9. Many With Irregular Heartbeat Unaware of Raised Stroke Risk
10. Novel research set to pinpoint risk of heart attacks and strokes
11. Depression Tied to Higher Risk for Stroke
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Singing May Help Some Stroke Victims Regain Speech
(Date:3/23/2017)... ... March 23, 2017 , ... “Beyond and Back”: a true-life ... is the creation of published author Bonetta Rose, a wife, mother and grandmother committed ... Published by Christian Faith Publishing, Bonetta Rose‘s new book presents actual events in the ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... , ... March 23, 2017 , ... ... the existence of God. “A Respectful Response To Atheist Manifesto” is the creation ... married to his wife, Nancy, for sixty years. He holds graduate degrees from ...
(Date:3/22/2017)... ... 23, 2017 , ... Death anxiety is unconscious and needs understanding and non-judgmental ... inspired to write the book titled “ As Good as Goodbyes Get ” (published ... of what she was experiencing at the bedside of patients who were dying. The ...
(Date:3/22/2017)... San Jose, CA (PRWEB) , ... March 22, ... ... of San Jose, Santa Cruz and Milpitas with a robust, ongoing community enrichment ... Supportive Housing (FSH), a nonprofit organization which has provided for the critical needs ...
(Date:3/22/2017)... Ramon, CA (PRWEB) , ... March 22, 2017 ... ... tissue recovery agency for northern California and Nevada and LABS, Inc., announced the ... rapid turnaround (STAT) infectious disease screening and serology testing used to determine ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:3/22/2017)... 2017 Ampio Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (NYSE MKT: ... a low molecular weight fraction of human serum ... is re-issuing its previous release that was made on ... are required under the NYSE MKT Company Guide ... disclosures along with the previously disclosed update of ...
(Date:3/22/2017)... 22, 2017 New Jersey,s ... patient harm and saved $641 million in healthcare costs ... a national quality improvement program. The ... Patients-New Jersey, part of a national initiative from the ... the New Jersey Hospital Association and its affiliate, the ...
(Date:3/22/2017)...  Ablation is the minimally invasive therapeutic tissue ... purposes, from cancerous or diseased tissue removal, to ... atrial fibrillation and others. The growing adoption of ... innovate and improvise existing ablation technologies for better ... market is expected to grow at high single ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: